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Narrative tenses.NI1

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by

Mary Luz Castro

on 3 June 2015

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Transcript of Narrative tenses.NI1

NARRATIVE TENSES
Past simple, past continuous,
past perfect simple

NARRATIVE TENSES
The object of this climbing to the summit is to be able to
narrate a story
using different verb tenses.
PAST SIMPLE, PAST CONTINUOUS, AND PAST PREFECT SIMPLE
NOW IT'S TIME TO TELL A STORY.
Do you think you can continue my story?

In pairs, write a short story.

PAST SIMPLE
We refer to
finished events in the past
, mainly when we think about a definite time.

Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.
Yesterday my sister cooked the best lasagna I've ever had.


PAST SIMPLE
We also use it to
describe events in a story
or
habits and routines
in the past.

As soon as the post officer delivered the parcel, Jacob opened it curiosly to find that it was a birthday present.

My daughter played the violin until she started secondary school.

PAST CONTINUOUS
It expresses that the idea was
in progress
in the past.
When Eli arrived home, her husband was cooking dinner.

The action
lasted a long time
.
Last week my husband was working more than 10 hours a day.

PAST CONTINUOUS
The action was
repeated
but it was
temporary
.
My sister was living in Madrid for several years before she moved to La Palma.

It's used to
describe the setting
.
When I got to the office, everybody was doing something. My boss was was speaking on the phone, Alice was printing some documents, Jason was having a coffee with Roger and Loren was chatting with her mobile phone as usual.
Combining PAST SIMPLE and CONTINUOUS
SEVERAL

PAST SIMPLE VERBS
When we have several past simple verbs one after the other, we narrate
in chronological order
.

I left my house in the morning and took my children to school. After having left them there, I went to my office and started my working day.

TWO PAST CONTINUOUS
Two things were happening
at the same time
.

While I was writing your email, the children were doing their homework.

PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS

An action was in progress when it was interrupted by a shorter action.

Patricia was listening to the radio in the kitchen when she heard about the train accident.

PAST PERFECT
It's mainly used when it's important to make it clear that
an event in the past happened before another
or it was
completed before the second one began
.

Eventually, we arrived in San Francisco but it had taken us almost a whole day to get there.

The exam had already started when Lizzy finally got to class after an hour waiting at a traffic jam.

When I tried to use my laptop, I realized the battery had run down.

The past perfect is the
past of the past
.
NOW OUR STORY...
It
was
Thursday morning and
had woken
up rather early since I
had
lots of homework to do. While I
was finishing
the story my teacher
had told
me to write, the phone
rang
. To my surprise, it
was
my classmate, Oliver, who
wanted
to tell me something absolutely surprising.
A month before, we
had decided
to buy some lottery tickets after having discussed about what we would do if we
won
the lottery...

By Mary Luz Castro
Full transcript