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Illinois State Constitution

8th grade US History
by

Andrew Lewis

on 10 December 2015

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Transcript of Illinois State Constitution

Illinois State Government
Legislative
Executive
Judicial
Supreme Court
Appellate Courts
Circuit Courts
State Senate
General Assembly
House of Representatives
The Governor
Illinois Constitution
The main body of the Legislative branch
Made up of two houses
The Senate - 59 members
The House of Representatives - 118 members
177 total members
A quorum (majority) of its members must be present to do work
All members are elected by the people
Requirements
Must be 21 years old or older
A resident of the district for at least 2 years
A citizen of the state
Legislative Districts
Special duties
Conducts investigations
Submits constitutional amendments to the people
Acts on amendments to the federal constitution
Confirms appointments made by the governor.
59 legislative districts in the state
Each district elects one state senator and 2 state representatives.
59
118
177
One elected from each Legislative District
4 year term
May be re-elected an unlimited number of times
Presiding officer: President of the Senate
Special Duties
Tries impeachment cases
Must approve many of the appointments made by the governor.
2 elected from each Legislative district
2 year terms
May be re-elected an unlimited number of times
Presiding officer: Speaker of the House
Special Duties
Holds sole power of impeachment.
Impeachment means to charge an official with wrongdoing
Federal Officials Who Represent Us
Illinois has 19 U.S. Representatives and 2 U.S. Senators that represent Illinois in the U.S. Congress in Washington, D.C.
U.S. Senators: Mr. Richard Durbin and Mr. Mark Kirk.
12th District: U.S. Representative is Mr. Mike Bost
The Lawmaking Process
A bill may start in either house.
Only need a majority vote for passage.
To override a veto, the General Assembly must pass the bill by a 3/5 vote in both houses.
1. Bills are to be read on 3 different days (by title) before final vote on passage. 
2. Most bills are confined to one subject. 
3. A bill passed by both houses must be sent to the Governor within 30 days. The Governor has 60 calendar days to sign it, or to return it with his veto. If he does nothing, the bill will automatically become a law after the 60-day period
Rules for passing a bill
Lobbies
Organized groups who seek to influence lawmakers.
Most of operate legally under the laws controlling them; some do a service of informing our lawmakers.
Some instances where lobbies exert too much influence
Restrictions on all lawmakers
1. They cannot receive an appointment by the Governor to another public office.

2. They cannot hold any other public office in the state.

3. They must file a statement of economic interests.
 
4. They cannot receive a salary increase during their term of office.

5. Neither house can adjourn without the consent (approval) of the other house.
The Chief Executive of state government
Requirements
At least 25 years old
Resident of the state for the three years preceding his election
Citizen of the state
May be re-elected an unlimited number of times
Term of office: 4 years
The order of succession to the Governor's office is:
1. Lieutenant Governor
2. Attorney General
3. Secretary of State
Special Duties
Holds veto power and approval power of laws
Appointing members of the state government
Can reorganize executive agencies (with General Assembly approval)
Granting pardons, reprieves, and commutations
Gives a report of the state at the beginning and end of office
Commander and Chief of the State militia
Can call special sessions of the General Assembly
Must submit a budget to the General Assembly
Veto
3 types of vetos
1.)
2.)
3.)
Item/Reduction veto
Vetoing part of a bill
For spending bills
Regular veto
Whole bill is rejected
Must list reasons why it was rejected
Amendatory veto
Notes specific recommendations
Can pass if the Assembly accepts them
Executive Officers
Lieutenant Governor - Second in command
Attorney General - Chief legal officer
Secretary of State - Keeper of the Great Seal, DMV, Capitol maintainence
Comptroller - Chief fiscal control officer
Treasurer - Safekeeping and Investment of monies
Enforces and administers the law
Writes laws
General trial courts
Cases are heard and judgments are made.
They have original jurisdiction.
The voters elect circuit court judges to 6-year terms.
Hears appeals from the Circuit courts
Has appellate jurisdiction.
Judges are elected and serve for 10-year terms.
Has original jurisdiction in the following cases:
Revenue, mandamus, and habeas corpus.
Simply the final court of appeal on all other state matters that have come up from the lower courts.
Judges serve for 10-year terms.
7 Supreme Court judges
Elected also.
Re-election
Once judges have been elected, they may run for re-election on their records, without opposition.
In these cases voters simply vote yes or no on their retention.
If 3/5 approval is not obtained, the judge must be replaced.
Qualifications
must be citizens
licensed attorneys of the state
residents of the districts from which they are elected.
must devote full time to their judicial duties
engage in law practice
hold other office, including officers in political parties.
Administers justice
Interprets the meaning of law and the Constitution of Illinois
Settles disputes.
State History
The Constitution
Outline of the Constitution *p. 56
14 Articles
Amending the Constitution
1.
Constitutional Convention:

If 3/5 of the members in each House of the General Assembly (state legislature) approve, there can be a call for a constitutional convention, which voters can approve or disapprove.
2.
By the General Assembly:

If 3/5 of each house of the General Assembly approve, amendments can be proposed by the General Assembly. These must be submitted to the voters at the next General Election
Voting
Qualifications
To vote in Illinois, a person must be
at least 18 years old
a resident of their district for 30 days
a citizen
Voters must register with the local election district at least 28 days before the election.
General Election
Always held on the
1st
Tuesday following the
1st
Monday in November in even-numbered years.
Primaries
Elections in which party members elect the candidates of their party
Most widely used method to choose candidates
Closed Primary
Voters on Election Day must choose one political party's ballot.
Democratic candidates on the Democratic ballot. Republican candidates on the Republican ballot. Voters must choose only one ballot.
Open Primary
Voters receive the same ballot, which contain the candidates' names from all political parties.
Voters do not have to declare their party affiliation in open primaries.
Voting Disqualification
A person convicted of a felony or who is otherwise under sentence in jail loses the right to vote.
This right is restored after the sentence is served
Referendums
Public issues such as bond issues of some governmental body or change in the state constitution.
Ex: A tax increase for a school is settled by referendum
Local Government
102 counties
each has a governing seat
carry out state policy in a general matter
Municipal Government
5 kinds of municipalities
Mayor and Council Form
Trustee Village
Commission Form
Council Manager Form
Strong Mayor
Home Rule and the 1970 Constitution
1970 Constitution
Granted cities and towns the power to pass ordinances or tax and incur debt
Trustee Village
Strong Mayor
Commission Form
Council Manager Form
Mayor and Council Form
City divided into wards with two aldermen
Council ranges from 6-20 members
Legislative body for the town, mayor presides over meetings
Mayor - chief executive officer
Six trustees (like aldermen) and a village president (like a mayor)
Board of Trustees - legislative body
Review Quiz
1.) Who discovered the territory that would become Illinois?
2.) How many state capitals has Illinois had? How many constitutions?
3.) The State House of Representatives and State Senate make up the ________________________________.
4.) Name one of the special duties of the House of Representatives.
5.) How many members make up the State Senate?
6.) Who is next in line for the Governor's office?
7.) Describe one way the Governor can veto.
8.) What year is the current Constitution from?
9.) What are the three different courts?
10.) How can the Constitution be amended?

Elects a mayor and four commissioners
Serve four-year terms
Responsibilities divided among the officers
Can retain the structure of any of the previous
Add a professionally trained manager
manages and carries out city policies
Mayor given almost complete administrative power
Council is only legislative
5:55
Discovered by French explorers Marquette and Joliet in 1763
Controlled by the French and British for periods of time
Early Settlements
Fort de Crevcoeur - 1680
Fort St. Louis - 1682
Peoria - 1691
Cahokia - 1699
Kaskaskia - 1703
After the French and Indian War, Great Britain briefly takes possession
1778 - George Rogers Clark and American militia capture Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes
Made into a county of Virginia then a part of the Northwest Territory in 1787
1809 made into an individual territory connected with Wisconson
December 3, 1818 - admitted as a state
First capital - Kaskaskia
First governor - Shadrach Bond
Second capital - Vandalia
Finally moved to Springfield in 1939
The Question of Slavery
French
British
Black Hawk War - 1832
Last great Indian uprising in Illinois
Chief Black Hawk defeated militia at Stillman's run
Retreated to Wisconson, defeated by US troops
Abraham Lincoln
Stephen A. Douglas
VS
1858 - engaged in a series of historic debates
Douglas won the election
Lincoln became president two years later
1858 Senate Race
Agricultural
and
Industrial
growth
John Deere's prarie plow
Helped turn Illinois into a leading agricultural state
Coal Mining and Railroads
1870 - Coal becomes one of Illinois' largest industries
Chicago grows into the most important hub for railroads
The Illinois Constitution
1818 - First Constitution accepted
1848 - New constitution adopted
Increased the power of the people
Allowed the election of select government officials
Fourth constitution adopted in 1970
Judges may not
All Judges:
Organization of State Government
Responsibilities of State Government
State highway construction
Local laws
Intrastate commerce
Traffic laws
Education
Marriage and Divorce
Hospitals
Voting Regulations
Both Federal and State Governments have:
Have three branches of government
Have the same main duties
Have the same checks and balances
Have a bill of rights
Meets each year, beginning on the 2nd Wednesday of January
Finishes when the legislative work is finished
Bruce Rauner
Full transcript