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More Short Story Elements

Narrator and POV, Symbolism, Foreshadowing, Figurative Language-Similes and Metaphors...
by

Jenny Schmidt

on 20 January 2014

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Transcript of More Short Story Elements

Add to your Cornell Notes
MORE Short Story Elements!
Point of View (POV)
This is the method by which a story is narrated. The point of view of the narrator can either be first-person, third-person, third-person omniscient, or third-person limited.
Symbolism
A symbol is a person, place, object, or activity that stands for something beyond itself.
Foreshadowing
A writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events and situations that may occur later in the plot. This technique adds suspense and helps readers prepare for what's to come.
First-Person POV: The narrator is a character in the story and takes part in the action. This POV is somewhat limited though, because it's only one person's perspective. The narrator only knows his/her side of the story. (key words: I, me, my, mine, we...)
Third-Person POV: The narrator is someone outside of the story and is not one of the characters. (key words: he, she, they, them, etc.)
Third-Person Omniscient: "All-Knowing" narrator. The narrator sees into the minds of more than one character to tell the story from all perspectives.
Third-Person Limited: The narrator is still an outside voice, but tells the story from only one character's perspective.
What does this person symbolize?
What does this person symbolize?
What does this place symbolize?
This place?
What does this object symbolize?
These objects?
What does trick-or-treating symbolize?
Jumping the broom symbolizes ___________?
Figurative Language
Language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary, literal meanings of words.
Simile
A simile is used to provide an example or connection by comparing two unalike things using the words "like" or "as."
Examples
Her blonde hair glistens
like
glittering gold.
The look he gave her was
as
cold
as
ice.
Metaphor
A metaphor is a statement that says one thing is something else, when literally, it is not.
Like a simile, it is a comparison of two unalike things.
Examples
Her hair
is
a jungle of curls.
"Life
is
a highway."
Irony
Irony is when the opposite of what is expected happens.
Three types of Irony:
Verbal
Dramatic
Situational
Verbal Irony
When someone says the opposite of what they mean. Typically known as "sarcasm."
Saying "Oh great!" after something bad happens.
Dramatic Irony
When the audience knows the outcome or meaning of a character's actions, but the character does not.
"Gift of the Magi"
or
You say out loud in restaurant, "I can't wait to try the steak that I ordered," when someone who hears you knows that the steak has been poisoned and you will die when you eat it.
Situational Irony
When the opposite of what is expected happens. The event, however, seems oddly appropriate for the situation.
"It's like rain on your wedding day." -
NOT
ironic.
Now, if you planned your wedding indoors because there was rain in the forecast, and a pipe breaks in the ceiling so it's "raining" inside....
that's IRONIC
.
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