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Roman Mathematical Inventions

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Teodora Bosonea

on 31 October 2012

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Transcript of Roman Mathematical Inventions

Stephen, Amanda, Josephine, Kyle & Teodora Our Awesome Project :) The numeric system in ancient Rome, uses combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values. Roman Numerals The Invention of Roman Abacus The Abacus How the Romans Influenced Mathematics Each column represented a power ten. A column on the right has a value of one; the columns on the left had a value of ten; the next column to the left had a value of 100, and so on. The Invention of Roman Numerals The development of the numeric symbols may have been closely related to the shape of the hand, 'I' being a single finger and 'V' for the whole hand outstretched and 'X' for both hands in the same manner. Roman numerals follows the history of ancient Rome itself from its early stages at the Latin palatine hill in 8th and 9th century B.C. Aside from telling time and counting there was no use for pure mathematics outside of its practical applications under the Roman Empire. There were no mathematical innovation or noted mathematicians of the time. Three roman authors: Virro, Cicero, Vitruvius were all in their own way influenced by greek knowledge and transferred it to roman literature. when Rome usurped political power around the Mediterranean, the Romans came into close contact with greek culture, its literature and science. The Calculi were made of different materials ranging from bronze to gold depending on the wealth of the merchant. The roman abacus was developed to make mathematical calculations easier and portable. Calculating anything with an Abacus was a complicated process that required a great deal of training.
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