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Adverbs

Online lesson for Miss Lynch
by

Laura Kraner

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of Adverbs

Adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. Adverbs frequently end in -ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve as adverbs in sentences.
An
-ly
ending is also not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. The words
lovely
,
lonely
,
motherly
, and
friendly
, for instance are adjectives.

Sometimes adverbs modify adjectives.
Adverbs may also modify other adverbs.
Adverbs modify verbs by describing how something is done.
They also modify adjectives and other adverbs. They have comparative and superlative forms to show the degree to which something is done. They perform a function distinct from that of adjectives.
Adverbs
Adverbs often function as intensifiers, adding a greater or lesser emphasis to a part of the sentence.
I
literally
ran to the office.
Joanne
somewhat
believed he was at fault.
The adverbs in both these sentences,
literally
and
somewhat
, are acting as intensifiers.
Like adjectives, adverbs often have comparative and superlative forms to show the degree to which something is done. An adjective's superlative forms would look like this:
short
,
shorter
,
shortest
or
ugly
,
uglier
,
ugliest
. Use
more
,
most
,
less
, and
least
to show the degree of intensity of adverbs.
Those curtains are the

most

beautifully sewn I have ever seen.
She danced
less
confidently after being criticized.
Note that when these intensifiers are used something is being compared with something else, even if it is unstated. Be specific when writing these sentences: if you say the dancer is less confident are you saying she's less confident than other dancers? Or less confident than she was before?
Adverbs can modify adjectives, but an adjective cannot modify an adverb.
Correct:
The woman had a really tall hat.
Incorrect:
The woman had a real tall hat.
The adverb really modifies the adjective tall. It is an exceptionally tall hat.
In the incorrect sentence, the word real is an adjective that is incorrectly modifying the adjective tall.
She sidled
slowly
down the aisle.
The adverb
slowly
describes how she moved down the aisle.
She drove a
very
fancy car.
The adverb
very
describes the degree of the car's showiness - it is
very
fancy, not
somewhat
fancy or
not very
fancy.
She ran
pretty
quickly to get her textbook.
The adverb
pretty
in this sentence modifies the adverb
quickly
.
The one who runs
fastest
will get to the finish line first.
In this sentence the adverb
fastest
modifies the verb
runs
.
The
friendly
cat came up to us looking for attention.
In this sentence the word
friendly
is an adjective modifying cat.
Full transcript