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Transcript of FEMINISM
the opposing ideology of feminism, which includes varying positions, such as hostility towards women's rights, belief that feminist grievances are incorrect and belief that feminists oppress men.
The Issue of Rape
The Wage Gap
In 1960, women only made 61 cents for every dollar a white man made.
"Women make up about half our workforce, but they still make 77 cents for every dollar a man earns. That is wrong and in 2014, it's an embarrassment." - President Barack Obama
The majority of college graduates and the United States' workforce are women, but women are still blocked from advancement.
Due to the stereotypical view of women being too weak, they are restricted from furthering success and cannot break through the glass ceiling, the invisible barrier that women and confined under and cannot breakthrough.
Elliot Rodger's "Day of Retribution"
Elliot Rodger carried out a brutal shooting on the campus of the University of California Santa Barbara.
He also published a YouTube video and a 105 page manifesto documenting his intent on his "Day of Retribution".
The thought process perpetuates the idea of sex as a commodity to which men are entitled to receive based on trivial prerequisites such as being the "ultimate gentleman" or dressing in a moderately sophisticated way. Rodger mentions both these things in his YouTube video.
Shows how commonplace anti-feminist thought is.
Social Media Response
There was a massive social
media response to the
events at UCSB on both
ends of the spectrum. To
the left are tweets found
in the comment section
under Rodger's "Retri-
bution video while on the
right are tweets under the
which surfaced in order to
refute the ideas presented
in Rodger's video. They
also accomplished the tasks
of establishing a feminist
perspective on the event and
raising international awareness.
Origins of the Feminist Movement
: the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.
The HeForShe campaign was lauched recently with the support of the United Nations as well as Emma Watson.
Encourages male support of feminism
Addresses the common misconceptions about feminism.
"I decided that I was a feminist and this seemed uncomplicated to me."
Earned increased worldwide support including an assortment of celebrities, most notably, Harry Styles of One Direction.
The Issue of Abortion
Celebrities on Feminism
Significance of Feminism
In the 1800s, opposition to women's suffrage, women in the labor force, birth control and women's education sparked anti-feminism.
In the 20th century, anticommunism bolstered anti-feminism and the Equal Rights Movement started several debates regarding women's rights.
In today's world, anti-feminism attacks topics, such as fairness in divorce, the wage gap and social media trends.
During the Progressive Era, feminism became a prominent movement and emphasized the need for reform. Various organizations were formed to voice concerns on topics, including birth control, suffrage and education.
In 1923, the Equal Rights Amendment was written to establish equal rights that could not be denied due to the account of sex, but was not ratified.
In today's world, feminism attacks the abuse of women in health, government and in the workplace.
After considering the different occupations, positions, education levels, and hours worked, the wage gap is estimated to narrow by 5 cents.
Married women with children tend to take jobs that offer flexible hours, which pay less.
Women gravitate towards jobs with regular hours, more comfortable conditions, little travel, and greater personal fulfillment. Women are commonly willing to trade higher pay for jobs with other characteristics.
On the other hand, men often take jobs with less desirable characteristics, with long work hours and overnight shifts, in pursuit of higher pay.
Rape is most commonly committed by men against women.
91% of rape victims are female, while 99% of perpetrators are male.
Feminists are of the belief that the act of rape perpetuates the idea of women holding subordinate roles to men.
Another pillar of feminist belief in regards to rape, is one that states that it is not a woman's responsibility to prevent her own potential rape.
However, feminists do work to create prevention methods:
Anti-Date Rape nail polish
Those who do not hold a feminist ideology view rape as something that women can be blamed for. They believe that females deserve to be raped according to:
What she was wearing
How she was acting
The predominant feminist thought is the idea that women should have the right to say what happens to their bodies.
There is also debate surrounding the fact that the majority of the government officials (those who vote on the legality of abortion) are male.
The issue of abortion is also divided by a religious factor, thus not all those who identify as feminists identify as a pro-choice advocate.
A large percentage of those who are Pro-Life advocates also identify as anti-feminist.
They believe that the need for abortion arises from things such as :
Irresponsible sexual activity
General irresponsibility of the individual
They also believe that abortion lessens the value of human life in general by portraying as disposable.
Accomplishments of the feminist movement consist of:
The enfranchisement of women by the 19th Amendment
The broadening of education to accept women
Colleges for women began opening in the 20th century.
The percentage of women enrolled in college is higher than that of men (as of now it's nearly a 60:40 ratio).
Misconceptions about feminism include one which is mentioned in Emma Watson mentioned in her UN speech.
It's a widespread idea that all feminist hate men, and vie for the dominance of men in society. However, quite the opposite is true. The goal of the feminists is to establish a political, social, and economic system which treats both men and women equally.
The feminist movement has further aims for the future as well, including but not limited to:
The ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment
Dissolution of the wage gap
Elimination of rape culture
Legalization of abortion
A recent wave of social media activity has involved the hashtag #IDontNeedFeminismBecause
Shows how widespread misconceptions about feminism are
Some women believe that the support of the feminist movement means that they believe women to be "whiny" or victimizing themselves unnecessarily
Others do not believe women are discriminated against today at all.
“We have to teach our boys the rules of equality and respect, so that as they grow up, gender equality becomes a natural way of life. And we have to teach our girls that they can reach as high as humanly possible.” - Beyoncé
“All men should be feminists. If men care about women’s rights, the world will be a better place.” - John Legend
“I definitely think the idea of friend zone is just men going, ‘This woman won’t have sex with me.’” - Daniel Radcliffe
"I'm just about equality, period. It's not like, I'm a woman, women should be in charge! I just want there to be equality for everybody.” - Miley Cyrus
“To say you’re not a feminist means that you think men should have more rights and opportunities than women.” - Taylor Swift, 2014
"I am not a feminist, but I do believe in the strength of women…” - Katy Perry
"I'm not a feminist. I hail men, I love men. I celebrate American male culture, and beer, and bars and muscle cars…" - Lady Gaga
"I wouldn't go so far as to say I am a feminist, that can come off as a negative connotation. But I am a strong female." - Carrie Underwood
“No, because I love men, and I think the idea of ‘raise women to power, take the men away from the power’ is never going to work out because you need balance.” - Shailene Woodley
"I don't really think about things as guys versus girls. I never have. I was raised by parents who brought me up to think if you work as hard as guys, you can go far in life.” - Taylor Swift, 2012