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John Dewey and Progressive Education
Transcript of John Dewey and Progressive Education
John Dewey Biography
Born in 1859 in Vermont
Graduated from University of Vermont in Burlington in 1879
Taught high school then attended the graduate program at Johns Hopkins University
Obtained his doctorate in 1884 then taught at University of Michigan, University of Chicago, Columbia
Retired teaching in 1930
Died in 1952
View on Education
Education was too focused on giving information rather than students' learning experiences
Neither traditional nor progressive education was adequate
Experience arises from the interaction of two principles: continuity and interaction
"Education is essentially a social process"
Practical Applications in the Classroom
Outward Freedom: silent reflection should only occur after a hands-on physical activity
Social Control: instead of an authoritarian, become a facilitator of a community
Purpose: use students' impulses as an opportunity to form a plan
Subject Matter: introduce scientific subject with application in everyday i.e. electricity with appliances
John Dewey was against the traditional method of memorization
Education is a social experience
The learning process and experience are what is most important
Leibniz’s New Essays Concerning the Human Understanding (1888)
The School and Society (1899)
Logic: The Theory of Inquiry in 1938
Art as Experience (1934)
A Common Faith(1934)
Freedom and Culture (1939)
Theory of Valuation (1939)
Knowing and the Known (1949)
"Education is not preparation for life: Education is life itself."
John Dewey in Progressive Schools
Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and Education. Toronto: Collier-MacMillan Canada Ltd.
(2013). John Dewey's Philosophy of Experience and Education. Retrieved from http://www.icels-educators-for-learning.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=53&Itemid=68
Field, Richard. (2005, July 14). John Dewey (1859—1952). Retrieved from: http://www.iep.utm.edu/dewey/.