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Transcript of Intellectual Disability
Approximately 6.5 million people in the United States have an intellectual disability.
Approximately 1-3 percent of the global population has an intellectual disability -- as many as 200 million people.
functional curriculum (time, money, self-care)
Community-Based Instruction (CBI)
Ecologically valid and community-based
Results-oriented transition services
Functional and outcome-focused instruction
Person-centered planning and family involvement
Engage in social interactions
Include others in CBI
Mix-and-match Pair up
Instructional and test data
Life space analysis
Turnbull, A., Turnbull, R., Wehmeyer, M., & Shogren, K. (2016).
Exceptional Lives: Special Education in Education in Today's Schools. (8th ed.).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Chapter Nine.
Intellectual disability is significantly more common in low-income countries – 16.41 in every 1,000 people.
Intellectual disability is the most common developmental disability.
Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing
Most common causes for intellectual diabilities are:
Complications during pregnancy
Problems during birth
Diseases or toxic exposure
There are many signs of an intellectual disability.
Some examples include:
sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children;
learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking,
find it hard to remember things,
have trouble understanding social rules,
have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions,
have trouble solving problems, and/or