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Icelandic literature

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on 14 July 2014

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Transcript of Icelandic literature

Skírnismál, one of the poems in the Poetic Edda.
The term Edda applies to the Old Norse Poetic Edda and Prose Edda, both of which were written down in Iceland during the 13th century in Icelandic, although they contain material from earlier traditional sources, reaching into the Viking Age. The books are the main sources of medieval skaldic tradition in Iceland and Norse mythology.
Eddic poetry
Skaldic poetry
The term skald meaning ‘poet’, is generally used for poets who composed at the courts of Scandinavian and Icelandic leaders during the Viking Age and Middle Ages.

The most prevalent meter of skaldic poetry is dróttkvætt. The subject is usually historical and encomiastic, detailing the deeds of the skald's patron. There is no evidence that the skalds employed musical instruments, though some speculate they may have accompanied their verses with the harp or lyre
Excerpt from Njáls saga in the Möðruvallabók circa 1350.
Early Icelandic literature
Eddic poetry
Skaldic poetry
Mendoza, Alliza Marie C.
Icelandic. Irish. Italian. Dutch.
The prose prologue to the poem says that the god Freyr, the son of Njörðr, sits in Odin's throne, Hliðskjálf and looked over all the worlds. On looking to Jötunheimr, the land of the giants, Freyr sees a beautiful girl and is immediately seized by love. Fearing that the object of his heart's desire is unattainable, gloom settles upon him.
Sagas are stories about ancient Scandinavian and Germanic history, about early Viking voyages, the battles that took place during the voyages, about migration to Iceland and of feuds betwedden
Icelandic families.
Middle Icelandic literature
Passion Hymns
Hallgrímur Pétursson
A collection of 50 poetic texts that explores the Passion narrative, as traditionally presented, from the point where Christ enters the Garden of Gethsemane to his death and burial.
Modern Icelandic literature
Romanticism. Realism. Naturalism.
Bjarni Thorarensen
Jónas Hallgrímsson
Stephan G. Stephansson
Halldór Laxness


Irish literature comprises writings in the Irish, Latin, Ulster Scots and English languages on the island of Ireland. For a comparatively small island, Ireland has made a disproportionately large contribution to world literature.

The English language was introduced to Ireland in the thirteenth century, following the Norman Conquest of Ireland. The Irish language, however, remained the dominant language of Irish literature down to the nineteenth century, despite a slow decline which began in the seventeenth century with the expansion of English power.
The Middle Ages: 500–1500
Irish writing of 8th century
Book of Armagh
also known as
Canon of Patrick
Contains early texts relating to St Patrick and some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish, and for being one of the earliest manuscripts produced by an insular church to contain a near complete copy of the New Testament.
The Early Modern Period: 1500–1800
Dáibhí Ó Bruadair
Geoffrey Keating
Eoghan Rua Ó Súilleabháin
Aogán Ó Rathaille
Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire
Jonathan Swift
Oliver Goldsmith
Annals of the Four Masters
Jonathan Swift
Oliver Goldsmith
The Modern Period: from 1800
Brian Merriman
Amhlaoibh Ó Súilleabháin
Samuel Ferguson
Maria Edgeworth
George Moore
Oscar Wilde
Maria Edgeworth
Oscar Wilde
Samuel Ferguson
Clive Staples Lewis
William Butler Yeats
Thomas Stearns Eliot
James Joyce

Early Medieval Latin Literature
Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius
Quintus Aurelius Symmachus
The 14th Century:
The Roots of Renaissance
After the Renaissance
Ludovico Ariosto
Pietro Bembo
Torquato Tasso
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