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How technology in 1920's and 1930's impacted people's lives

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Sharon Xu

on 15 July 2011

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Transcript of How technology in 1920's and 1930's impacted people's lives

C o m m u n i c a t i o n - A n d r e w L y This picture shows a Lockheed Electras, a type of plane. Pilots wanted to continue flying after the First World War, so some went to fly to other cities or often gave paying passenger rides (Quinlan 58). As the sizes of planes increased, it was able to carry paying passengers. The Lockheed was first used by Canada’s first airline company: The Trans-Canada Airlines (TCA), founded in 1937 (Newman 180). TCA’s first flight trip was from Vancouver to Montreal, which took 15 hours. This is a photo of a crank telephone from the early 1920s. This is significant in the 1920s and 1930s because Canadian companies found many uses for the radio. The Canadian National Railway used wireless radios to communicate from one train to another (Quinlan 58). Again, it also ended isolation and people had a sense of togetherness. Radio also brought a whole nation together for hockey with Foster Hewitt’s play by play commentary using the radio (Newman 178). This picture is significant to the 1920s and 1930s because she influenced many young girls and she was a role model. People wanted to dress like her, look like her and be like her. This is a picture of the films in the 20s and 30s. The photo is taken at a movie theatre and there is a guy playing the piano and there is also a film playing. The first movies were called "silent film". But, the silent films weren't that silent. Usually, they had piano, organ and sound effects during the movie. (Quinlan 70). They also had subtitles, and in larger theatres, they have live orchestras. (Quinlan 70). In 1927, "Talkies" arrived in Canada. (Quinlan 70). Also, Comedy was the most popular type of movie during the era of silent films. Some of the well known comedians were Buster Keaton, Laurel and Hardy, and Charlie Chaplin (Quinlan 70). Here is a picture of the dial telephone which consisted of two pieces: an earpiece and a “microphone” piece to talk into. It is also known as the “candlestick phone”, because of its shape. Later in the decade, its shape was changed into a more desk-friendly shape of a box. The invention and evolution of a crank phone to a candle-stick dial phone was significant to Canadians in the 1920s and 1930s. This was because the first regular dial phone was used in Toronto in 1924 (Quinlan 57). Soon after, the mouth piece and ear piece were soon connected, allowing easier use. The dial phone, or the phone, allowed Canadians to communicate through long distances. It was easier to use instead of writing letters which takes days for the recipient to respond. The radio was one of the most innovative inventions of the 1920s because it “ended isolation”. People could listen to music, sports broadcasts and news (Quinlan 58). On July 22, 1922, CKCK in Regina made its first broadcast throughout Saskatchewan. 70% of the population lived in far distances from each other, but radio was an easy was to spread news throughout the province, ending isolation (Newman 177). This photo is a picture of some people dancing to the music in the 1920s and 30s. Many girls would wear their evening gowns and young men would dress in a suit. In this era, the music that was popular was usually jazz. Some recognizable people would include Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton and Duke Ellington (Quinlan 70). The style of dancing was usually energetic (Quinlan 70). Blues and swing were also really popular and the Charleston dance was the most famous dance in that time period. (Quinlan 70). This is a picture of an electric stove from the 1920’s. This stove is called The Beach Foundry electric stove. It has features like a storage compartment, a food warmer, a housed metal rack and a drip pan.(Trottier, 7) The picture here shows a poster advertising an electric refrigerator made by the company GE from the 1920’s. Here is an electric vacuum cleaner from the 1920’s. This was a advertisement from the Hoover Company. This photo is significant to a Canadian in the 1920s and 1930s because aeroplane use was becoming a major way for people to get around from city to city, making visiting relatives easier. However the one-way trip was for the well-off citizens (Newman 180). Although the flight time was horrendously long, the idea of carrying passengers soon grew to become a major part of the economy. Also, planes were used to carry mail and freight, which allowed easier transaction of letters and information through longer distances. The interior of a small passenger plane generally looked like this How has advances in society in the 1920s and 30s impacted Canadians? 1. Communication - Andrew Ly 2. Household Items - Samantha Ng 4. Medicine - Sharon Xu 3. Entertainment - Peggy Huang This is a picture of penicillin, which like insulin, has also significantly impacted Canadian and world life by saving countless lives. Before the 1920s and 30s, there had been no way to treat bacterial infections. With penicillin, infections such as syphilis, gangrene, and tuberculosis became possible to cure (Ho, 3). The invention of penicillin has brought about an important change in medical history. This is a picture of Sir Alexander Fleming, a Scottish researcher and bacteriologist, and his breakthrough invention: penicilin, discovered September, 1928 (Ho, 1) H o u s e h o l d I t e m s - S a m a n t h a N g Electric refrigerators became very popular in the 1920’s because it was a new consumer item. The refrigerator allowed perishable foods to be stored longer, it saved money and time because there purchases became less frequent, refrigeration also allowed perishable foods to be brought longer distances by road and sea ( Scott,par 1). Ice cream, frozen desserts and cold drinks could be stored longer too. By the mid 1920’s unemployment was low. So people started to buy consumer items like the electric stove. The use of electricity gave satisfaction for middle and upper-class Canadians (Quinlan, 59). Electric stoves became more popular than wood-burning stoves because it didn’t give off smoke or filthy odours (Trottier, par 3). It was more hygienic and prevented illnesses like bacteria from raw meat . Food cooked on the electric stoves conserved the nutrition values of food ( Scott, par 1). Also they were less time consuming. People had more time for other activities. The vacuum uses an air pump to suck up dust and dirt (Gizmo Highway, par. 2). A lot of household items have been made into electrical uses. People were buying them because they were new and the economy was good (Quinlan, 59). This gave housewives more convenience. Instead of taking the carpet outside to beat once a year, you use a machine to suck up the dust (Gizmo Highway, par. 1). E n t e r t a i n m e n t - P e g g y H u a n g This picture is significant to the 1920s and 30s because movies were very popular back then and for a few cents, you could watch a movie with your popcorn and pop. Movies were happy and cheerful because people wanted to forget about world war 1 and move on with their lives. This is a photo of the famous actress Mary Pickford. This picture was probably taken in the 1920's-1930's. Mary Pickford was born on April 8th 1892. (Neely Par.1). She acted for many films, and at the age of 15, she was mature enough to travel to different places. She then pursued her career in New York. (Neely Par.2). Between the years of 1913-1916, Pickford made 21 feature films for Famous Players. (Neely Par. 4). This photo is significant because after world war one, many people wanted to forget the unhappy memories of it and just party the night away. Many teenagers and young people dance and enjoy the music. M e d i c i n e - S h a r o n X u In 1928, Fleming discovered an active ingredient in mold that had bacteria-fighting properties. This is how penecillin was invented. Following its invention, Fleming established a huge pharmaceuticul industry where he created synthetic penecillin. His penecilin could cure many different infections and diseases. (Ho, 3) This photo shows the two inventors of insulin, Dr. Fredrick Banting from Toronto Ontario, and Charles Best, a medical student. In 1922, they successfully created a working insulin for humans. (Nobelprize.org, 12) This photo of the inventors of insulin is important because insulin has made a lasting impact in our world. Since the inventors were Canadian, the impact on Canadians was even stronger. Insulin offered a cure for diabetic patients. Before its creation, diabetes was a disease that meant certain death. Insulin gave hope to many people, and they weren't disappointed. Even for those who were close to death, insulin could make them stronger, increase their appetite, and eventually revive them (Nobelprize.org 20). As a result, many people's lives have been saved. In this photo is a bottle of Vitamin E. It was first discovered in leafy plants in 1922 by Herbert Evans and Katherine Bishop, researchers at the University of California. (Bellis 12) In their research, the pair discovered that Vitamin E keeps the heart healthy and protects again certain diseases. A lack in vitamin E can also cause damage to the spinal chord. (Jacowski, 12) In the picture above, the bottle represents the discovery of Vitamin E, and many people have benefited from this discovery. In particular, Canadians during the Great Depression would have used this knowledge to try to keep themselves healthy, despite the poverty. This knowledge is still very important to us in the world today.We use it to keep ourselves healthy and to protect ourselves.
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