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Nonverbal Communication

Corinne Robinson

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Proxemics

Proxemics Nonverbal Communication Proxemics Conversational Distances Intimate Distance Social-Consultative Distance Public Distance Personal-Casual Distance The amount of space between people interacting and the degree to which space is connected to one's territory. Different conversational distances affect communication. There are four different categories : intimate, personal-casual, social-consultative, and public (Hall 1959,1990). Range: 0 to 1 1/2 feet Personal range: 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 feet Social range: 4 to 7 feet Range: 10 feet and beyond. People need space to maintain privacy and personal space. People are at or within arm's reach. Focus is primarily on your partner's face so that you may miss nonverbal signals from other channels. Vocal tone is likely to be soft. Typically reserved for private informal interactions with people we like and trust. Exceptions- instrumental touch. Casual range: 2 1/2 to 4 feet Personal conversation takes place in both of these distances Friends, family, and romantic partners communicate at a personal distance. Co-workers and casual acquaintances communicate in the casual distance. Focus is primarily on one another's faces. It becomes difficult to touch or smell a partner and soft voices become less functional. Consultative range: 7 to 10 feet. The social zone allows people to have a causal conversation and to get to know one another. The consultative zone is a more formal interaction. In both zones, communicators have easy access to a variety of communication channels. Communicators do not have access to minute facial expressions. Occurs in formal settings. Communication often involves many people focusing on a single communicator. The audience has an overall view of a person and is not able to focus on the communicator's facial expressions. The communicator is forced to speak louder and more dynamically to try and keep the audience's attention. Examples Have you ever experienced an uncomfortable conversational distance? Questions What type(s) of conversational distance do you see in this clip? What types of conversational distances do you experience throughout your day? Reference Burgoon, J.K., Guerrero, L.K., & Floyd, K. (2010). Nonverbal communication (1st ed.).Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
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