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Transcript of Juan Peron
Lonnie Bridge Early Life Military Career Birth
Tour of Europe
Rise to Power Totalitarianism
Form of Government
Methods Rule of
Government Juan Perón Born on October 8, 1895 near Buenos Aires
Jauna Sosa Toledo and Mario Tomás Perón
Sardinian roots Spent most of his early years in
Lower Middle Class
At the age of 16 he entered the National Military College At the age of 16 he entered the National Military College
Decided to be a soldier and joined the Army after college. Perón excelled as a athlete in boxing, fencing, and skiing Influential officer in the military
Went to Europe as a military observer in 1938
Became a fan of Benito Mussolini
When he returned Argentina was in chaos Supported the coup in 1943 against President Ramón Castillo
He was repaid with the positions of Secretary of War and Secretary of labor
Married Evita Duarte a singer and actress Emergence of Authoritarian Government Conditions that produced single party state
Emergence of Leaders WWII's effect Lack of genuine democracy
Called the infamous decade because of the widespread corruption in the government
Middle class felt their voices were not heard
Buenos Aires ruled over Argentina
World War Two's effect on Argentina
Actions of Grupo de Oficiales Unidos (United Officer's Group) or GOU. Led the coup Totalitarianism Perón achieved great totalitarianism rule because of popular support
The forceful techniques of a totalitarianism government was not used
Perón is considered a mixed leader because he is not strong nor weak
He was just wanting to stay in power by giving the population what they wanted http://assets.pearsonglobalschools.com/asset_mgr/current/201219/HistoryASPStatesChapter2.pdf Form of Government Argentina was neutral during the first part of the war, but there was conflict among the people as to whether they should declare against the axis Totalitarianism- form of government that has strong central rule, absolute and oppressive single-party government
Dictatorship GOU Led coup against Castillo, the current president
Believed that Argentina needed to strengthen industry
Did not want to declare war on Axis Perón Government Methods Emergence of Leaders Perón was elected legitimately for three terms
Made sure he was viewed as the person responsible for the changes
Was liked among the working class Improved labor legislation
Perón gave great importance to the state
He wanted the change to come from the system not from force
Result of his military upbringing Structure Perón tended to stay away from extremes
Was in favor of nationalism
Nationalized cooperations and radio broadcasts Treatment of Opposition
Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda
Status of women/minorities Role Of Education Education was free to everyone that qualified for it
Between the ages of 6 and 14, it's a law that children attend school.
High education is affordable
Science, Math, Language Arts, Art, History and Geography are some classes taken in Argentina Status of Women/Minorities The Catholic Church was a minority during the time
Women were considered the property of men
Based on Spanish Law Treatment of Opposition Main domestic opposition came from the supreme court established before he came to power
To combat this, Perón centralized much of the Argentinian government
US wanted Argentina to declare war on Axis powers but Argentina wanted to remain neutral and did Policies Political- believed in nationalizing many parts of the government
Economic- Nationalized most large corporations at the time. He wanted the country to feel as if they were one
Social- many things were free such as education but minorities were not treated with equality
Religious- made religion taught in schools and a part of the daily lives of the people Bibliography Pearson Global Schools, "Juan Perón and Argentina." Last modified 2011. Accessed December 14, 2012. http://assets.pearsonglobalschools.com/asset_mgr/current/201219/HistoryASPStatesChapter2.pdf.
About, "Juan Perón." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 14, 2012. http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/thehistoryofargentina/p/09juanperon.htm.
Encyclopedia Britainnica, "Juan Perón." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 16, 2012. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/452378/Juan-Peron.
Colombia, "The Legacy of Juan Peron." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 18, 2012. http://www.columbia.edu/~lnp3/mydocs/state_and_revolution/Juan_Peron.htm.