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Juan Peron

By: Eric Stewart and Lonnie Bridge

Eric Stewart

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Juan Peron

By: Eric Stewart and
Lonnie Bridge Early Life Military Career Birth


Military Athletics

Tour of Europe

Rise to Power Totalitarianism

Form of Government


Methods Rule of
Government Juan Perón Born on October 8, 1895 near Buenos Aires

Jauna Sosa Toledo and Mario Tomás Perón

Sardinian roots Spent most of his early years in

Lower Middle Class

At the age of 16 he entered the National Military College At the age of 16 he entered the National Military College

Decided to be a soldier and joined the Army after college. Perón excelled as a athlete in boxing, fencing, and skiing Influential officer in the military

Went to Europe as a military observer in 1938

Became a fan of Benito Mussolini

When he returned Argentina was in chaos Supported the coup in 1943 against President Ramón Castillo

He was repaid with the positions of Secretary of War and Secretary of labor

Married Evita Duarte a singer and actress Emergence of Authoritarian Government Conditions that produced single party state

Emergence of Leaders WWII's effect Lack of genuine democracy

Called the infamous decade because of the widespread corruption in the government

Middle class felt their voices were not heard

Buenos Aires ruled over Argentina

World War Two's effect on Argentina

Actions of Grupo de Oficiales Unidos (United Officer's Group) or GOU. Led the coup Totalitarianism Perón achieved great totalitarianism rule because of popular support

The forceful techniques of a totalitarianism government was not used

Perón is considered a mixed leader because he is not strong nor weak

He was just wanting to stay in power by giving the population what they wanted http://assets.pearsonglobalschools.com/asset_mgr/current/201219/HistoryASPStatesChapter2.pdf Form of Government Argentina was neutral during the first part of the war, but there was conflict among the people as to whether they should declare against the axis Totalitarianism- form of government that has strong central rule, absolute and oppressive single-party government

Dictatorship GOU Led coup against Castillo, the current president

Believed that Argentina needed to strengthen industry

Did not want to declare war on Axis Perón Government Methods Emergence of Leaders Perón was elected legitimately for three terms

Made sure he was viewed as the person responsible for the changes

Was liked among the working class Improved labor legislation

Perón gave great importance to the state

He wanted the change to come from the system not from force

Result of his military upbringing Structure Perón tended to stay away from extremes

Was in favor of nationalism

Nationalized cooperations and radio broadcasts Treatment of Opposition


Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda

Status of women/minorities Role Of Education Education was free to everyone that qualified for it

Between the ages of 6 and 14, it's a law that children attend school.

High education is affordable

Science, Math, Language Arts, Art, History and Geography are some classes taken in Argentina Status of Women/Minorities The Catholic Church was a minority during the time

Women were considered the property of men

Based on Spanish Law Treatment of Opposition Main domestic opposition came from the supreme court established before he came to power

To combat this, Perón centralized much of the Argentinian government

US wanted Argentina to declare war on Axis powers but Argentina wanted to remain neutral and did Policies Political- believed in nationalizing many parts of the government

Economic- Nationalized most large corporations at the time. He wanted the country to feel as if they were one

Social- many things were free such as education but minorities were not treated with equality

Religious- made religion taught in schools and a part of the daily lives of the people Bibliography Pearson Global Schools, "Juan Perón and Argentina." Last modified 2011. Accessed December 14, 2012. http://assets.pearsonglobalschools.com/asset_mgr/current/201219/HistoryASPStatesChapter2.pdf.

About, "Juan Perón." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 14, 2012. http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/thehistoryofargentina/p/09juanperon.htm.

Encyclopedia Britainnica, "Juan Perón." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 16, 2012. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/452378/Juan-Peron.

Colombia, "The Legacy of Juan Peron." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 18, 2012. http://www.columbia.edu/~lnp3/mydocs/state_and_revolution/Juan_Peron.htm.

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