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Are Dewey's Days Numbered?
Transcript of Are Dewey's Days Numbered?
New System Research based on the
work of professor Linda Cooper
of the Queen's Collage Graduate School of Library and Information Science Results of Research 26 main categories organized alphabetically By Tali Balas Kaplan, Andrea Dolloff, Sue Giffard, and Jennifer Sill-Schiff Completed sessions with elementary students to learn how they categorize and organize topics Subcategories that are child-centered, flexible, and browsable The new Metris System! A system that encourages more independent and empowered seeking organization that allows students to move easily from one idea to another Metris is a Success! A study from the Ethical Cultural Fieldston School, a private preK-5 school in New York City Grades 3 to 5 DRAMATIC INCREASES IN CIRCULATION Even with librarians teaching the Dewey classification system Elementary students are more focused on finding materials rather than actually using them This is at odds with inquiry and critical thinking skills found in the AASL Standards for the 21st Century Learner 100% or more increase in categories such as sports, countries, humor, and mystery 240% increase in the category of machines 300% increase in languages (now called community) Metris is a Success! Grades PreK to 2 DRAMATIC INCREASES IN CIRCULATION 87% increase in Humor
148% increase in Scary
110% increase in Adventure Zack's Story "Rushing between snack time and reading group, Zack, a third-grade boy, ducks, into our school library while another class is beginning to check out books. "Sue, do you have anything about making stuff with paper?" asks the third grader. Around him, a dozen nine-year-olds independently browse different sections that are marked by large, kid-friendly signs, such as "Scary," "Animals," and "Adventure." With only a moment to spare, the librarian suggests that Zack look above the shelves for the big "Making Stuff" sign, and then search the labels under "P" for paper. A few minutes later, he's grinning at Sue, holding not only a book about origami, but also one on sewing that he snatched from a nearby shelf. "That was easy!" he boasts. "And I found more things I want to do, too!" List of Pertinent Points Why I Chose This Article The old Dewey system caused a focus on finding books instead of actually using them (waste of instructional and reading time)
A new system was needed that better categorized and organized topics for students at an elementary level
Research for Metris was based on the work of Professor Linda Cooper and from exploratory sessions with actual elementary students
Metris with its 26 alphabetical categories is child-friendly, browsable, and flexible
Metris can combine fiction with nonfiction for improved teaching opportunities
The new Metris system provided highly favorable results in circulation for grades PreK to 5
Teachers, administration, students, and parents at the Elementary school have offered praise and support for the new Metris classification system The End! Article & Citation Kaplan, Tali Balas Dolloff, Andrea K.Giffard, Sue Still-
Schiff, Jennifer. "Are Dewey's Days Numbered?."
School Library Journal 58.10 (2012): 24.
MasterFILE Premier. Web. 2 June 2013. I have often wondered whether the 137 year old Dewey system was the MOST appropriate classification system for elementary children. The article title caught my eye and the introduction included an interesting real-life example of a young boy using the new Metris system. The description of the Zack's happy journey to finding books about paper peeked my interest. I found the article insightful, informative, and an inspiring look into the future of classification and organization of library resources for young children. Although I do enjoy using the Dewey classification system at the secondary and post-secondary level I can see its limitations and its downfalls at the elementary level. This article was an excellent combination of information paired with an actual elementary library case study. I highly recommend that you read this article in its entirety.