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kek jin liong

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of aids

Not People with HIV/AIDS Fight HIV/AIDS Introduction HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome First case detected: USA, early 1980s How Did It Begin? Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) Suppressed immune system How it affects us? Opportunistic infections Stigma pre-existing stigma Why is there stigma? fear of contagion early AIDS metaphors PREVENT Effects of stigmatization Myth: only gay people will get AIDS AIDS is a homosexual (gay) disease AIDS is a disease caused by -males
-females AIDS is the disease of the poor -drug addict
-uneducated AIDS is the disease of the immoral AIDS is an African disease Myth: only African will get AIDS HIV/AIDS sex workers,
drug users,
'promiscuous' people
and marginalized people ARE SEEN AS RESPONSIBLE FOR ARE SEEN AS Myth: AIDS is caused by poverty and malnutrition Discrimination disability Why is there discrimination? health welfare affected Effects of Discrimination eviction, not wanting to rent, and lock out Employment moral baggage misinformation fear test for HIV harassment,
pressured resignation Housing Insurance HIV test is required Services health care, medical professionals refuse to treat, alienated China- compulsory HIV testing for those staying out of China for a year or more UK prosecute individuals who pass it to others consciously or unconsciously (Adebajo,Bamgbala & Oyediran, 2003) Attitudes of health care providers to persons living with HIV/AIDS in Lagos State, Nigeria 96.3% have moderate to good knowledge of HIV/AIDS only 18.0% would visit/ encourage their children to visit people with HIV/AIDS 35.4% felt that people with HIV/AIDS deserve it as a punishment for sexual behaviors Government Actions Uganda- President Museveni - sack armed forces who are HIV positive not provided for gay men First case detected in Malaysia, 1986 From the first case in 1986 till 2011, HIV cases had increased to 94841 cases. Statistics Stigmatization and discrimination towards people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS by the general public in Malaysia (Wong & Shuyada, 2011) misinformation about transmission
of HIV through saliva mosquito bite shame felt by family member people from seeking information people from choosing to access health care effective control of transmission of HIV human right violated living condition worsen Stigma Discrimination Discrimination CONCLUSION Stigma Summary use condom Precaution make a difference What can we do? homosexual gender race poverty employment housing insurance services Isolation help self, help others initiative to understand and share correct information participate in HIV/AIDS prevention programs know where to get help donate to HIV/AIDS causes pledge to help In 2010, a total of 4687 ( HIV=3652, AIDS =1035) Transmission of HIV 1) injected drug use 2) heterosexual 3) homosexual Wong, L. P., & Shuyada, A. R. (2011). Stigmatization and discrimination towards people living with or affected by HIV/AIDS by the general public in Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 42(5), 1119-1129. Retrieved from http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/seameo/2011-42-5/11-5032-7.pdf Reference Parker, R., Aggleton, P., Attawell, K., Pulerwitz, J., & Brown, L. (2002). HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and an agenda for action [Adobe Digital Editions version]. Retrieved from http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/horizons/sdcncptlfrmwrk.pdf. Examples of HIV/AIDS discrimination (2003). National AIDS Trust. Retrieved from http://www.areyouhivprejudiced.org/Information-and-Resources/NAT-publications.aspx HIV & AIDS Stigma and Discrimination. (n.d). AVERT. Retrieved from http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-stigma.htm#contentTable4 Adebajo, S. B., Bamgbala, A. O., & Oyediran, M. A. (2003). Attitudes of health care providers to persons living with HIV/AIDS in Lagos State, Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 7(1), 103-112. Retrieved from http://www.bioline.org.br/request?rh03013 relationship with spouse or intimate partner abstinence test for HIV mother to child sexual contact blood transfusion caesarian section avoid breastfeeding Health Informatics Centre, Ministry of Health Malaysia. (2010). Health indicators. Retrieved from http://www.moh.gov.my/images/gallery/publications/md/hi/hi_2010.pdf Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. (2008). Fast facts about HIV prevention. Retrieved from http://data.unaids.org/pub/BaseDocument/2008/20080501_fastfacts_prevention_en.pdf THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME Questions?
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