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Present Simple vs. Present Continuous
Transcript of Present Simple vs. Present Continuous
- general truth: A week has seven days.
-daily routine: Bob works in a restaurant.
-repeated action: Tina plays tennis every Sunday.
-timetable: The train leaves at 5 pm. Forms Infinitive
(3rd person singular: infinitive + 's'): Dan speaks French.
Exceptions: when adding 's' :
For can, may, might, must, do not add s.
Example: he can, she may, it must
After o, ch, sh or s, add es.
Example: do - he does, wash - she washes
After a consonant, the final consonant y becomes ie. (but: not after a vowel)
Example: worry - he worries
but: play - he plays With the present simple we use these
frequency adverbs(notice that the adverb
comes before the main verb in the sentence):
always, usually, never, sometimes, seldom,
Example: I always brush my teeth before I go
Mary never goes to school by bus. We use the present continuous to talk about actions which are happening at the present moment, but will soon finish:
-action happening at the moment of speaking: I am writing a text.
-plans for the near future: I'm going to Dubai in the winter holiday.
-temporary state: Ann is working as a teacher for ten weeks.
-annoying habits: She's always biting her nails.
-Unfolding process: Life is getting harder every day. Form of 'be' and verb+ ing
Exceptions when adding 'ing' :
Example: come - coming
but: agree - agreeing
After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled.
Example: sit - sitting
After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in British English (but not in American English).
Example: travel - travelling (British English)
but: traveling (American English)
Final ie becomes y.
Example: lie - lying With the present continuous we use these
at the moment, now, these days, nowadays etc.
Example: I'm eating a cheeseburger at the moment.
Now Sheila is playing the guitar.