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Tide of War Changes

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by

Peter Rappaport

on 29 May 2018

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Transcript of Tide of War Changes

Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln did not have the power to abolish slavery in the Union, but did in the Confederacy
The E.P. (January 1, 1863)
Why do it?
Still believed his first priority was to preserve the Union
Discourage foreign nations who opposed slavery from helping the Confederate states
Will take away a majority of the South's workforce (slaves)
Declared all slaves in Confederate states to be free
Impact
Had little to no impact in the South
Changed the war into a crusade for freedom
People thought back to Declaration of Independence
Reactions to the Emancipation Proclamation
Abolitionists
Some believed he should have done more by freeing ALL enslaved persons even those in border states
Democrats
Only makes the war longer by continuing to anger the South
Union Soldiers
Happy to "destroy everything that gives the rebels strength"
White Southerners
Rage
Many slaves began to run away to Union, taking away from the workforce
The Draft
A system for requiring citizens to join their country's armed forces
Why it was necessary?
Large numbers of casualties, both sides ran out of voluntary soldiers.
Who was required to enlist?
South
Men 18-45
North
Men 20-45
How you could avoid it
Wealthy men could pay a substitute to take your place
Planters who owned 20 or more slaves could avoid it
Impact
Northern soldiers were offered $300 to serve, resulting in very few having to be drafted
"A rich man's war, but a poor man's fight."
Riots broke out in the North over the draft, and racial tension, leading to 100 people killed
Economic Effects of the War
South
Food shortages
Many farmers had to leave their farms to fight in the war
Food could not get to the markets because the trains were being used to carry war materials and soldiers
Army took food for their own needs
Inflation caused prices to rise 9,000%

Southerners in the border states illegaly sold cotton to Northern traders for increased prices
North
Prices still went up faster than wages
Some Northern manufacturers sold things for more money to increase their profits due to increased wartime demand
War production boosted the Northern industry and improved the economy overall
Federal Government
Income Tax
First tax on money earned was passed in 1861
New currency called green-backs was introduced and made of paper
It helped make sure that people had money to spend and helped the Union pay for the war
Tide of War Changes
Thank you!
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