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Copy of Gerunds and infinitives

by simon friend
by

stefano tani

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Gerunds and infinitives

Gerunds are above the line

and infinitives are below! A net quiz for practice the basics
http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_verbform1.htm


http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_verbform2.htm http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/gerundex1.html
 
http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/gerundex2.html



GAMES


 
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfile/intermediate/i_games/theanteatergame/nef_int_games_ant01/

ant eater game.
 
http://www.eslgamesworld.com/members/games/grammar/En%20garde/gerunds%20infinitive/gerunds%20or%20infinitive.html


   

Click the arrows at the bottom for MANY more quizzes!!!
 
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_1.htm http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/infinitive_list.htm

same again - now they have two bibles. Notice that they can’t swap between sheets – these verbs match either a gerund or an infinitive – never both…

This board is for to surf. WRONG

This board is for surfing. GOOD! Learning is important
To learn is important. (Yoda)

Surfing is awesome
To Surf is to be happy (Yoda)

Running keeps you fit
To run is to be free (Yoda) Infinitives can be made negative by adding "not."
Examples:
I decided not to go.
The most important thing is not to give up. Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not."

Examples:

He enjoys not working.
The best thing for your health is not smoking. ID the subject, verb and object?
Simon loves girls
You hate Simon

LIST tough examples… DEFEND – stand up for

List other tough verbs… Some verbs are ONLY followed by gerunds as objects.

Examples:

She suggested going to a movie.
Mary keeps talking about her problems.
Its more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. If it's the OBJECT.

In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not (normally) interchangeable. Usually, Getting harder…. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence.

However, as subjects, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English,

and infinitives sound more abstract.
(YODA loves infinitives). Subject of the sentence You can also use an infinitive as the subject, or the object of a sentence.

To learn is important

SUBJECT --(Doing the veb)

He wants to learn.

OBJECT -- (The verb is done to it) infinitives You can use a gerund as the subject, or the object of a sentence.
Examples:

Reading helps you learn English.

(subject of sentence)
(doing the verb (HELPS)

I enjoy reading.

(object of sentence)
(the verb is done to it (ENJOY)) Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb.

-Infinitives are made from a verb into a noun by adding ‘to’:

-The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn.”
-the infinitive form of “surf” is “to surf” infinitives 1. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."
The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading."
The gerund form of the verb ”surf" is ”surfing.” gerund Do worksheet 78 – “line ups” with no explanation. A’s and B’s. Gerunds and infinitives
 


 Different meaning
Do 12.4 ex 1,2
http://www.azargrammar.com/assets/fwg/FWGChapter12.pdf
 

http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerund_or_infinitive_different_list.htm
  Verbs with both gerunds and infinitives: Exercises from
 
http://www.azargrammar.com/assets/fwg/FWGChapter12.pdf
 
12.6
do 1,2,3,4.
 
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/go_gerund.htm

Go + gerrund list. Often used for individual and recreational activities…
 
http://www.azargrammar.com/assets/fwg/FWGChapter12.pdf
12.5 ex 3 use the variation after.
 
  Stuff to print gerunds Infinitives

Verb:
Ras surfed yesterday (past simple verb)
Ras was surfing yesterday (past continuous verb)

Noun:
I love surfing (what is the verb?)
Surfing is my favourite sport! (what is the verb?) Don’t confuse a gerund with a continuous verb form! Surfing: Verb:
- Ras surfed yesterday
-Ras was surfing yesterday
Noun:
-I want to surf today (what’s the verb?) -To Surf is to be happy (what’s the verb) Surfing! Guess:
is it the 'ing form"
Or
"to + Infinitive" and If this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject of a sentence. Examples: SUBJECT object of a sentence, Examples:

He enjoys swimming. "Enjoy" requires a gerund.

(He enjoys to swim. OK?)

He wants to swim. "Want" requires an infinitive.

(He wants swimming. OK?) it’s a bible! - write an alternative sentence with a different verb for a few sentences that don’t have a number next to them: (9, 14 etc)
(These are the tricky ones and we’ll do them later…) PRIVATE STUDY PRIVATE STUDY!

For example:

I am against smoking in public places.
She is good at speaking English.
I went home after leaving the party.
You can improve your English by using the Internet.
We need to keep on going.
You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time.
We can talk about going home.
I'm tired of hearing excuses.
You can't learn English without making mistakes. The gerund (-ing form) must be used when a verb comes after a preposition:-

USE YOUR INSTINCTS!~!! In some situations, the noun is required. In other situations, the noun is optional. Some verbs are followed by a noun plus an infinitive. http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/verb_noun_infinitive_list.htm He caused her to make a mistake.
Not:
He caused ---- to make a mistake. She asked to leave.
BUT:
She asked him to leave.
Is also OK -- but with a different meaning! In the first sentence, she is asking if she herself can leave. In the second sentence, she is requesting that a man leave. Required: Optional: Study this WWW
for more info! HARDER STUFF Some verbs are usually followed by a gerund, BUT they can also be followed by a noun plus infinitive. http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerund_or_noun_infinitive_list.htm go here for examples Using a noun + infinitive will usually change who is performing the action.
Examples: I advised taking the train. (in general) I advised him to take the train. (He will take the train.) There are many "go + gerund" expressions used for adventure sports and individual recreational activities.

Examples:

I go swimming every weekend.
Would you ever go skydiving? http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/go_gerund.htm HAVE A LOOK http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_11.htm HARDER: practice!! OBJECT The big question is: WHICH ONE ???? GErunD or
Infinitive:???? THE IMPORTANT BIT!!! the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. click on the arrows at the bottom for more quizzes! http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerund_or_infinitive_same_list.htm Same meaning:

Verb + preposition dictionary!




Just click on the ABC on the left to see 100's of examples http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/adjective_prep_gerund_list.htm Adjective + preposition: Nouns + prepositions: http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/noun_prep_gerund_list.htm HAve a quick read of these: And read again for Homework! Extra study: http://www.englishpage.com/prepositions/verb_preposition.html After a preposition we always use a gerund http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/01/legally-blonde-verb-gerund-or.html Legally blonde! http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerund_list.htm Make sure that in your sentence you use the gerunds as the OBJECT! DAY 2? http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/gerund2.htm TRY! (togeather) http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/gerund1.htm (Togeather) TRY! http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/gerinf1.htm More quizzes after this - just click "next quiz" She suggestet to go.... Mary keeps to talk about... Wrong
Wrong I go to swim every....
Would you ever go to skydive... NOT "to smoke" against | at | after | by | on | instead of | talk about | tired of | without She is afraid of speaking in public. The delay in processing the visa caused problems. He was absent from class. MORE: EG: "GO" (The subject of the sentence is the thing doing the verb)

(The object is the thing being 'done to') WHat's this?
What's it for? (torture?)
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