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Parts of Speech--5th grade

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Megan Sevatson

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Parts of Speech--5th grade

Parts of Speech
Nouns
Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs
Prepositions
Pronouns
Conjunctions
Interjections
Nouns
What are they?
Nouns = person, place, thing or idea
Examples:
Person: Bill, kid, mom
Place: home, New York, park
Thing: kite, desk, balloon
Idea: Love, history
Adjectives
What are they?
= Words that modify or describe nouns
Examples:
Green shirt
Happy baby
Hungry students
Adjectives answer:
1.) Which one?
those
that
this
Special Types of Adjectives
Comparative
Superlative
= Compares one thing to another
= Compares one thing many
Example:
Dan is
taller
than Bob.
Example:
Dan is the
tallest
of them all.
2.) What kind?
green
little
old
3.) How many?
one
several
all
Pronouns
what are they?
= a word that takes the place of one or more nouns
Example:
Bob loves reading;
he
particularly enjoys novels.
He
= pronoun

What are they?
Conjunctions
= Words used to connect sentences or ideas
Examples:
Molly went home and took a nap.
I was in the mood for milk and cookies.
More Examples
And, but, or
I want to go to school,
but
I am sick.
Example:
Both ... and
Either ... or
Neither ... nor
Not only ... but
Examples:
Both
my sister
and
I enjoy dancing.
He was
neither
relieved
nor
satisfied with his grade.
However
Besides
Therefore
Moreover
Furthermore
example:
Always go to other people's funerals;
otherwise
, they won't go to yours.
Because, since, until, while, although, which,
when, though, before, unless, so that, as
Since
I won the lottery I have been very happy.
I'm not getting my phone back
until
Saturday
.
Examples:
Verbs
What are they?
= express an action or state of being
Examples:
Jump, sing, think, worry, have, appear
Main Verbs...
... explain what the subject of the sentence is doing.
Examples:
My brother
played
outside.
The students
study
in the hallway.
The movie
was
good.
Helping Verbs...
... are added to the main verb to show when or if it happens
examples:
I
would
enjoy
ice cream tomorrow.
I
am
going
to the beach this summer.
Will
you
sing
in the concert?
Verb tenses...
Past
Present
Future
He
walked
away.
He
walks
away.
He
will walk
away.
Linking Verbs
= when a helping verb is used by itself
for example:
John
was
mean.
She
is

jealous
of him.
Is the subject DOING something?
Yes!
ACTION VERB... but is there a helping verb?
No!
LINKING VERB
Verb Phrase!
(HV + MV)
Yes!
No!
Just MAIN VERB
(state of being)
=
Adverbs
What are they?
Words that modify or describe verbs, adjectives or other adverbs
Adverbs modify verbs...
Explorers
eagerly

chase
adventure.
Adverbs modify ADJECTIVES...
Some explorers visit
amazingly

beautiful
places.
Adverbs modify ADverbs...
Others
quite

bravely
explore the unknown - space.
Adverbs answer...
How?
Suddenly, carefully, quietly
When?
Yesterday, later, already
Where?
There, ahead, outside
To what extent?
Completely, totally, fully
Reminder:
Adverbs can come ANYWHERE in a sentence, not just next to the word that they modify.
Examples:
+ LY
Yesterday
Mike
practiced
.
She
closed
the door
fully
.

Prepositions
What are they?
They describe relationships between other words in a sentence.
Examples:
Of, for, to, after, around
I am proud
of
my garden.
Common Prepositions
of
in
to
for
with
on
at
from
by
about
as
into
like
through
after
over
between
out
during
without
before
under
around
among
Prepositional Phrases...
Tomorrow I am going
to
school.
Tomorrow I am going (
to

school
).
Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition and end with a noun.
We call that noun the
object of the preposition
.
At lunch I asked my friend about the game.
At
lunch I asked my friend
about
the game.
At

lunch
I asked my friend
about

the

game
.
Mike waited patiently for snow.
Mike waited patiently
for
snow.
Mike waited patiently
for

snow
.
Mr. Qualli gave candy to us.
Mr. Qualli gave candy
to
us.
Mr. Qualli gave candy
to

us
.
At

lunch
I asked my friend
about
the
game
.
Interjections!
Personal Pronouns
Subject
Pronouns
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
Object
Pronouns
me
you
him
her
it
us
you
them
Possessive
Adjectives
my
your
his
her
its
our
your
their
Possessive
Pronouns
mine
yours
his
hers
-
ours
yours
theirs
Reflexive
Pronouns
myself
yourself
himself
herself
itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves
Adjectives
sometimes occur within
a group...
The
red
,
white
, and
blue
flag waved in
the air.
What are they?
= Word or short phrase used to express an emotion or feeling
*End with an exclamation point or comma*
examples:
Yikes!
That was a mistake.
Oh,
I get it now.
Usually...
Words are primarily interjections,
like
YUM
,
WHOA
, and
EWW
!
But sometimes...
Other parts of speech can act as interjections, like
SWEET
or
AWESOME
!
Common interjections...
bazinga
blech
boo-yah
duh
eek
eureka
eww
geez
ha
hello
hooray
huh
oh
oops
ouch
oy
ugh
uh-oh
whammo
whew
whoa
wow
yahoo
yikes
yippee
yo
yuck
yum
Interjection or not?
Holy cow!
I have never seen the moon that big.
Congratulations
are in order!
Congratulations!
You did an amazing job.
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