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Chapter 2 (Section 6) - Singapore's Connections with the World from 15th to19th Century

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Siti Hafizah Subramaniam

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 2 (Section 6) - Singapore's Connections with the World from 15th to19th Century

Singapore's Connections with the World from 15th to19th Century !
Singapore's connections with Melaka
(15th-16th century)
Singapore's connections with Johor-Riau
(16th to early 19th century)
Singapore's connections with Portuguese and Dutch
(16th to early 19th century)

Singapore's connection with Melaka (15th to 16th Century)
Singapore's Connections with the Portuguese and the Dutch (16th - Early 19th Century)
During 15th century, Singapore's status as key trading port was overtaken by Melaka.
Melaka pledged its loyalty to the Ming Navy and became the main port of call
Singapore continued to serve as a port, but less popular than Melaka.
The Siamese gave up Singapore to melaka due to its declining trade.
Hence, Singapore was under the rulers of Melaka in 15th century.
Singapore's connections with Johor-Riau Sultanate (16th-early 19th century)
In 1511, Portuguese attacked and conquered Melaka.
Its ruler fled to Riau Archipelago and in 1528, his descendent established a new capital (Johor-Riau Sultanate) near Johor River.
This Johor Sultanate kingdom included the areas that had previously belonged to the Melaka Sultanate, which included Singapore.
As part of Johor-Riau Sultanate, Singapore continued its role as a trading port and still had connections with other parts of the region.
These shards(form Ming & Qing Dynasties) found along Johor river suggest trade activities between China and Johor-Riau Sultanate.
Similar shards also found in Kallang river which shows Singapore was part of the Johor-Riau Sultanate trading network.
Refer to pg 77 for more artefacts as evidence
16th century
Europeans

came to SEA to trade, wanting to gain monopoly over the
spice trade
.
This could only be achieved by controlling settlements and sea routes linked to the spice trade.
Portuguese
were the first to reach SEA followed by the
Dutch.
There was intense
rivalry
between both and they attacked each other's ships.
Frequent naval battle between the Portuguese and Dutch in the waters near Singapore, led to them building a
fortress in Singapore.
--> to provide better
security
for their merchant ships transporting goods along the Straits of Melaka.
Rivalry ended in 1641 : Dutch attacked Melaka and drove the Portuguese out.
Dutch was the only European Power
and controlled large parts of the region like Java and Melaka.
Conclusion
Singapore came under the ruling of Melaka
(15th to 16th Century)
Establishment of the Johor-Riau Sultanate and SIngapore was under the rule of this kingdom
(16th-early 19th century)
Arrival of the Portuguese and Dutch in SEA, and rivalry over spice trade leading to fortresses in Singapore. --> Portuguese defeated
(16th-early 19th century)
CHAPTER 2:
Find out more about the connections Singapore had with countries in the world before 19th century. What kind of connections were these?
What Will I Learn Today . . .
Full transcript