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INDIA

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by

Mariana Cruz

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of INDIA

Allow me to submerge you into one of the most beautiful and culturally rich countries in the world... "I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent. "
-Mahatma Gandhi INDIA Mohandas (Mahatma) Karamchand Ghandi Early life & background 1869- 1906 1920-1930 Passive Resistance & WWI Economic independence, prison, & the Salt March 1906-1920 INC, WWII, & Independence 1931-1947 Muslim relations, and assassination 1947-1948 Taj Mahal BUDDHISM The Four Noble Truths The truth of suffering
The cause of suffering
The end of suffering
The path that leads to the end of suffering Siddhartha Gautama
The Buddha
(566-480 B.C.) Old wrinkled man
Sick person in pain
Dead person
Content monk 49 days & nights "All things change. Keep up your effort." HINDUISM Brahman Brahma
(the creator) Vishnu
(the preserver) Shiva
(the destroyer and re-creator of the universe) SHAKTI Durga Kali Lakshmi & Saraswati wife of Shiva
Mother Nature
Parvati/Uma lion or tiger- strength & control
weapons- buffalo, demon of ignorance terrifying
black or dark color
graphic heads & tongues
garland of skulls
power to destroy evil Lakshmi- wealth & good fortune
Saraswati- learning & the arts Vedas
The Samhitas- hymns of praise to God
The Brahamanas- rituals and prayers regarding priests in their duties
The Aranyakas- worship and meditation
The Upanishads- mystical and philosophical teaching of Hinduism Dharma 5 Yamas
Do not harm any living thing
Be honest, don't lie
Don't steal
Don't have sexual relations outside of marrige
Avoid desire & greed

5 Niyamas
Be pure in mind, body. and speech
Seek contentment and be satisfied with what you have
Be prepared to make sacrifices and accept hardship
Study the scriptures
Worship daily and work with devotion Moksha Sikhism Requisites
1. Robes
2. Alms bowl
3. Belt
4. Razor for shaving
5. Needle & ball of thread
6. Water filter
7. Walking stick
8. Tooth pick Ethics
Right Livelihood Mental Effort
Right Effort Mental Effort
Right Mindfulness Mental Effort
Right Concentration Wisdom
Right Understating
Four Noble Truths Wisdom
Right Thought of Emotion Ethics
Right Speech Ethics
Right Action 5 Precepts You should know the rules well, so you can break them effectively. -Buddha Taj Mahal Mumbai Islam Allah Muhammad
(Pbuh) 99 names... or 100? Qur'an & Sunna 5 Pillars of Islam 1. Declaration of faith
2. Prayer
3. Charity giving
4. Fasting
5. Pilgrimage "Submission to the will of God." Food! Samosas
Butter Chicken
Tandoori Chicken
Mango Lassie
Indian rice
Naan
Popular Dessert Beef = children men women I wanted to share with all of you the effect that this project has had on me. I never knew how much I could learn about myself while learning about a culture so different than the one we live in. I chose this project because I wanted to learn more about other people but I think that the one thing I learned about the most was myself. Trying to understand a country that is the comple opposite of my own was challenging at first, but it has made me look at my own life so differently. In this process I found something I really liked to do, which was Buddhism. It has helped me so much in the past few months. I also developed a whole new acceptance, appreciation, and understanding for people who at first I knew nothing about. This project is one that really opened my eyes to a lot of different things, and I hope you enjoyed what will most likely be my last presentation this year. LOVING KINDNESS MEDITATION Hindu 80.5%
Muslim 13.4%
Christian 2.3%
Sikh 1.9% Sikhs believe in one God, that is called either Sat Nam or Waheguru. God is present everywhere and in everything and is beyond human understanding. Khalsa Vows

Do not eat meat that has been slaughtered ritually
Follow teachings of Guru and serve Guru, with weapons if necessary
Offer daily prayers
Give to charity
Reject all caste differences
wear the Panj Kakke
Do not remove hair from body
No drugs or alcohol
Respect all women and be faitful in marrige Paj Kakke (5K)
1. Uncut hair
2. A small wooden comb
3.Steel bracelet
4. Small sword
5. Underwear Bring into your heart the image of someone for whom you feel much resentment. Take a moment to feel that person right there in the center of your chest.

And in your heart, say to that person, “For anything you may have done that caused me pain, anything you did either intentionally or unintentionally,

through your thoughts, words, or actions, I forgive you.”

Slowly allow that person to settle into your heart. No force, just opening to them at your own pace. Say to them, “I forgive you.” Gently, gently open to them. If it hurts, let it hurt. Begin to relax the iron grip of your resentment, to let go of that incredible anger. Say to them “I forgive you.” And allow them to be forgiven.

Now bring into your heart the image of someone you wish to ask for forgiveness. Say to them, “For anything I may have done that caused you pain, my thoughts, my actions, my words, I ask for your forgiveness. For all those words that were said out of forgetfulness or fear or confusion, I ask your forgiveness.”

Don’t allow any resentment you may hold for yourself to block your reception of that forgiveness. Let your heart soften to it. Allow yourself to be forgiven. Open to the possibility of forgiveness. Holding them in your heart, say to them, “For whatever I may have done that caused you pain, I ask your forgiveness.”

Now bring an image of yourself into your heart, floating at the center of your chest. Bring yourself into your heart, and using your own first name, say to yourself, “For all that you have done in forgetfulness and fear and confusion, for all the words and thoughts and actions that may have caused pain to anyone, I forgive you.”

Open to the possibility of self-forgiveness. Let go of all the bitterness, the hardness, the judgment of yourself.

Make room in your heart for yourself. Say “I forgive you” to you
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