Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The American Revolution

No description
by

Eric Harms

on 8 January 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The American Revolution

The American Revolution
1. Most of the settlers that came to the colonies were from England. England supported these colonies by trading with them. The 13 Colonies belonged to England for over 150 years. If you lived in the colonies, you were considered English.
2. Oh, by the way. England is the same thing as Britain, Great Britain and the United Kingdom.
3. After some time, the colonists started to think of themselves as Americans, not British.
4. Causes of the Revolutionary War.
In the 1750's, French settlers were already in Canada and were starting to move south into land that belonged to England

5. British soldiers fought French and Native American troops in a series of battles and eventually beat the French. Britain basically got most of the land that belonged to the French.
6. After the French & Indian War, the American colonists wanted more freedom from England. Meanwhile, the war with the French was very costly and England needed to make some money.
7. England thought a great way to get some money was to start making the colonists pay more taxes on different items.
8. In 1765, England's government passed the Stamp Act. This law taxed almost all printed material. Newspapers, wills, and even playing cards needed a stamp to show that the tax had been paid.
9. The British also put higher taxes on sugar, glass and tea. This upset many of the colonists.
10. The colonists did not have a representative over in the British government (called the Parliament). They felt that it was not fair that they did not have any say in the law making process.
11. Thus, the famous saying was born: "No taxation without representation"
12. There were
protests
all over the 13 colonies against the British. On March 5, 1770, one of the protests turned
violent
. Protesters and a group of British soldiers (called "
Redcoats
") got into a fight. The soldiers fired into the crowd and
killed
5 colonists.
13. This became to known
as the
"
Boston Massacre
".
This just helped the
hatred
for the British to grow.
14. OK. Let's talk B.T.P
That's stands for
Boston Tea Party
15. Britain passed
The Tea Act
.
It said the colonists could
only
buy tea from Britain
AND they also had to pay
tax on it.




16. The colonists said "Well, we don't want your stinkin'
tea
and don't try to
unload
it on our shores!"

In 1773, three ships were in
Boston
harbor and the tea was going to be unloaded in the morning.
However, the
Sons of Liberty
went on the ships and dumped the tea in the harbor.
17. Colonists started to form small
militias (
volunteer army
), because they knew they might have to fight the British Army

18. In 1774, each colony sent delegates to
Philadelphia
that would represent the Americans and challenge British control. They called this first meeting the
Continental Congress.
19. Back in England,
King George
decided to send thousands of
soldiers
over to America to crush the "
rebellion
". He also ordered his generals to take the colonist's
weapons
and arrest the
leaders
of the rebellion.
20. In
April 1775
, the British found out that the colonists had stored
weapons
in the city of
Concord
, Massachusetts. They started marching from
Boston
to Concord to get the weapons.
21. The colonists in Boston saw the British troops leaving the city.
Paul Revere
jumped on his horse and started warning people on his way to Concord. He yelled "The British are coming! The British are coming!"
Oh, wait. Hold on. No he didn't.
22. Before the British could get to
Concord
, they ran into
70
colonists in the town of
Lexington
.
23. The colonists were about to get out of the way, when a
shot
was fired. No one knows who shot first, but a
shootout
started and
8
colonists were killed.

24. This shot is called the "
Shot heard 'round the world
"

25. When the British were
marching
back to Boston, that's when the colonists started their "
sneak
" attack. They hid behind
trees
and
fences
and picked off the British soldiers. When the British got back to Boston,
174
were wounded and
73
were dead.
Were you paying attention?????

What was the purpose of the Continental Congress?

Why did British troops march to Concord, Massachusetts?
Let's learn how to shoot a musket, shall we??
26. After Lexington & Concord, there started to be more
battles
between the British and the colonists.

27. One famous battle was "The Battle of
Bunker Hill
" in Boston. It was actually fought on Breed's Hill, but hey, a hill is a hill right.
28. The British
beat
the colonists at Bunker Hill, but there were more than
1,000
dead British soldiers. They were learning that
defeating
the Americans on the battlefield would be neither
quick
nor
easy
.
Let's take a quick look at a British soldier
Why do you think they called it the "Georgian Army" and "Georgian food"?
Quick Think: What did the British learn from the Battle of Bunker Hill??
29. As news spread about these battles, each colonists had a major
decision
to make. Will they be a
Patriot
or a
Loyalist
?
30. Colonists who
liked
Britain were called
Loyalists
. There were some people who did not
suffer
from British rules or taxes. Others thought Britain would
win
the war & didn't want to be on the
losing
side.
31.
Patriots
supported the war. They believed that they should have the right to govern
themselves
. Patriots were determined to
fight
the British until American independence was won.
32. The American Revolution was not just a war between
America
and
Britain
. It was a
civil
war.
Americans
vs.
Americans
(Loyalists vs. Patriots)
Quick Think:
What fighting methods did the colonists use against the British troops marching back to Boston from Concord?

33. In 1775, the
Continental Congress
met again to discuss more issues. The most important decision was to form the
Continental Army
. Instead of having small groups of local volunteers, they would join together to make a
large
army.
34. The Continental Congress picked
George Washington
to be in charge of the whole American army.
Who do you think the Congress picked to be in charge of this new army? Huh? Huh?
35. The 2nd Continental Congress offered Britain one last chance to
avoid
war. They sent a
petition
, or formal request to King George. It was called the
Olive Branch
Petition. He
rejected
it and prepared for war.
36. King George actually hired 30,000
German
soldiers to fight alongside the British troops. The German soldiers were called
Hessians
.
This was the king's response
37. Seeing no other choice, the Continental Congress started to write a
document
to the
king
. This document basically told the king "See ya later
sucker
!!!! We don't need you anymore!!!! We are
Americans
! How do ya like them apples!!"
Do you know the name of this document? It's kinda famous.
38. Yup. It's the
Declaration of Independence
39. The main author of the DOI was
Thomas Jefferson
. It was signed by the members of the Continental Congress on... wait for it.......wait for it......
July 4, 1776
Quick Think: July 4th, 1776 is the birthday of the U.S. So how old is the United States?? Do some mental math.
237 years old
40. Probably the most famous quote from the DOI is:
"We hold these
truths
to be self-evident, that all
men
are created
equal
, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable
rights
, that among these are
Life
,
Liberty
and the pursuit of
Happiness
".
41. John Hancock
was the
first
to sign the DOI. He said that he wrote his name
large
enough so that King George could see it without his
glasses
.
There was no going back now.
The Revolutionary War was on!
Full transcript