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The American Revolution
Transcript of The American Revolution
1. Most of the settlers that came to the colonies were from England. England supported these colonies by trading with them. The 13 Colonies belonged to England for over 150 years. If you lived in the colonies, you were considered English.
2. Oh, by the way. England is the same thing as Britain, Great Britain and the United Kingdom.
3. After some time, the colonists started to think of themselves as Americans, not British.
4. Causes of the Revolutionary War.
In the 1750's, French settlers were already in Canada and were starting to move south into land that belonged to England
5. British soldiers fought French and Native American troops in a series of battles and eventually beat the French. Britain basically got most of the land that belonged to the French.
6. After the French & Indian War, the American colonists wanted more freedom from England. Meanwhile, the war with the French was very costly and England needed to make some money.
7. England thought a great way to get some money was to start making the colonists pay more taxes on different items.
8. In 1765, England's government passed the Stamp Act. This law taxed almost all printed material. Newspapers, wills, and even playing cards needed a stamp to show that the tax had been paid.
9. The British also put higher taxes on sugar, glass and tea. This upset many of the colonists.
10. The colonists did not have a representative over in the British government (called the Parliament). They felt that it was not fair that they did not have any say in the law making process.
11. Thus, the famous saying was born: "No taxation without representation"
12. There were
all over the 13 colonies against the British. On March 5, 1770, one of the protests turned
. Protesters and a group of British soldiers (called "
") got into a fight. The soldiers fired into the crowd and
13. This became to known
This just helped the
for the British to grow.
14. OK. Let's talk B.T.P
That's stands for
Boston Tea Party
15. Britain passed
The Tea Act
It said the colonists could
buy tea from Britain
AND they also had to pay
tax on it.
16. The colonists said "Well, we don't want your stinkin'
and don't try to
it on our shores!"
In 1773, three ships were in
harbor and the tea was going to be unloaded in the morning.
Sons of Liberty
went on the ships and dumped the tea in the harbor.
17. Colonists started to form small
), because they knew they might have to fight the British Army
18. In 1774, each colony sent delegates to
that would represent the Americans and challenge British control. They called this first meeting the
19. Back in England,
decided to send thousands of
over to America to crush the "
". He also ordered his generals to take the colonist's
and arrest the
of the rebellion.
, the British found out that the colonists had stored
in the city of
, Massachusetts. They started marching from
to Concord to get the weapons.
21. The colonists in Boston saw the British troops leaving the city.
jumped on his horse and started warning people on his way to Concord. He yelled "The British are coming! The British are coming!"
Oh, wait. Hold on. No he didn't.
22. Before the British could get to
, they ran into
colonists in the town of
23. The colonists were about to get out of the way, when a
was fired. No one knows who shot first, but a
colonists were killed.
24. This shot is called the "
Shot heard 'round the world
25. When the British were
back to Boston, that's when the colonists started their "
" attack. They hid behind
and picked off the British soldiers. When the British got back to Boston,
were wounded and
Were you paying attention?????
What was the purpose of the Continental Congress?
Why did British troops march to Concord, Massachusetts?
Let's learn how to shoot a musket, shall we??
26. After Lexington & Concord, there started to be more
between the British and the colonists.
27. One famous battle was "The Battle of
" in Boston. It was actually fought on Breed's Hill, but hey, a hill is a hill right.
28. The British
the colonists at Bunker Hill, but there were more than
dead British soldiers. They were learning that
the Americans on the battlefield would be neither
Let's take a quick look at a British soldier
Why do you think they called it the "Georgian Army" and "Georgian food"?
Quick Think: What did the British learn from the Battle of Bunker Hill??
29. As news spread about these battles, each colonists had a major
to make. Will they be a
30. Colonists who
Britain were called
. There were some people who did not
from British rules or taxes. Others thought Britain would
the war & didn't want to be on the
supported the war. They believed that they should have the right to govern
. Patriots were determined to
the British until American independence was won.
32. The American Revolution was not just a war between
. It was a
(Loyalists vs. Patriots)
What fighting methods did the colonists use against the British troops marching back to Boston from Concord?
33. In 1775, the
met again to discuss more issues. The most important decision was to form the
. Instead of having small groups of local volunteers, they would join together to make a
34. The Continental Congress picked
to be in charge of the whole American army.
Who do you think the Congress picked to be in charge of this new army? Huh? Huh?
35. The 2nd Continental Congress offered Britain one last chance to
war. They sent a
, or formal request to King George. It was called the
it and prepared for war.
36. King George actually hired 30,000
soldiers to fight alongside the British troops. The German soldiers were called
This was the king's response
37. Seeing no other choice, the Continental Congress started to write a
. This document basically told the king "See ya later
!!!! We don't need you anymore!!!! We are
! How do ya like them apples!!"
Do you know the name of this document? It's kinda famous.
38. Yup. It's the
Declaration of Independence
39. The main author of the DOI was
. It was signed by the members of the Continental Congress on... wait for it.......wait for it......
July 4, 1776
Quick Think: July 4th, 1776 is the birthday of the U.S. So how old is the United States?? Do some mental math.
237 years old
40. Probably the most famous quote from the DOI is:
"We hold these
to be self-evident, that all
, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable
, that among these are
and the pursuit of
41. John Hancock
to sign the DOI. He said that he wrote his name
enough so that King George could see it without his
There was no going back now.
The Revolutionary War was on!