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Transcript of Qin Dynasty
As said before the Qin dynasty lasted 15 years, from 221 to 206 BC. Some sources say that the Qin dynasty lasted until 207 BC.
Location and Distribution of the Qin Dynasty
The Qin dynasty stayed within the borders of what we call "Modern China". The Qin dynasty was situated mostly to the east, towards the sea.
The only emperor in this dynasty was Qin. Though there were other rulers before him Qin was the first emperor to rule all of China, he was the one to bring the warring sates together, some say by killing off all the other rulers. All of them were brought together by 221 BC.He was also the first to build an army. Qin was a very twisted man. After his mother remarried ( his father had died, passing Qin leadership over where they had originally ruled ) Qin was said to have killed the step father and made his mother watch.
He was born in 259 BC and died in 210 BC. Along with the Terracotta warriors another one of his innovations was the great wall of China, made to keep out invaders. Qin, twisted as he was took his father's legacy at 13. Qin Shi Huang was originally called Ying Zheng, and renamed himself after bringing the warring states together. His name means "first emperor of China".
The main capital city in the Qin dynasty is Xianyang. It was founded in 349 BCE and is located a few kilometers west from the Wei River. In 2010 Xianyang had a population of 900,000 people and a total area of 10,213 square kilometers.
The Qin Dynasty
The Qin dynasty (pronounced "chin") spanned from 221 BC to 206 BC. This means that this dynasty lasted only 15 years. The dynasty was ruled by and named after the first emperor of China; Emperor Qin Shi Huang. This emperor is mainly known for the creation of the Terracotta warriors.
Most of the peasants in the Qin dynasty practiced and worked on agriculture for a living. They grew corn, rice, soybeans, potatoes, and more. They were taught to grow their own food and every few years they would have a ritual were the important government took turns plowing a special field to show their interest in agriculture.
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The Qin dynasty created many useful things, but did not create many things for beauty, as at this time art was looked down upon. One of the things that were created however were jugs and vases and items like statues used to worship their deities.
The Qin dynasty made houses from many different things such as bricks, timber, pounded earth foundations and tiles . The houses were similar weather they were rich or poor. The foundations were made from pounded earth but very rarly was made from wood. The pounded earth was also used for walls. Earth can be pounded into bricks for walls. Clay was the main source for roofs, if it wasn't that, it was bamboo.
The ancient Chinese in the Qin dynasty wrote the ancestors of "modern chinese". These characters were written on bones and mostly used as an aid to tell the future. We still have proof of this, and we have found many discarded bones throughout the years. The ancient Chinese characters were basic at best.
Emperor Qin was not interested in visual art or culture at all. He was even responsible for publicly burning works and manuscripts in 213 BCE, this because he wanted to prevent the spread of subversive thought. Apart from the terracotta sculptures and goldsmithing done at the time the Qin dynasty was not involved in any fine art developments.
The chinese belief system was really only what Qin believed. There was no freedom and there were no books in which to read what others had believed before them.
The Chinese people believed in honoring their ancestors. They worshiped them and ritually respected them on altars and by cleaning their graves. This has long since been a tradition. They also believed that if they didn't honour them their luck would be bad luck,rather than good.
A lot of conflicts happened during the 15 years of the Qin dynasty. For example, the emperor Shi Huangdi burned all books thinking that it would affect peoples thinking, after he heard some scholars' discussing about his arrogance, he buried 460 of them alive. The emperor was a crazy man.
The Qin philosophy were once again what they were told to believe, though Qin himself was afraid of death and many speculated about it.
At this time science was not studied, they were told what to believe and they believed it. They were constantly coming up with new innovations in the weapon and armour department but anywhere else many innovations were not created. Qin himself though did standardise many things (measurements, road with ect.). However this is as close as they got to science.