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American Revolution Prezi
Transcript of American Revolution Prezi
From the Revolution
to A Constitution
Grows a Revolution
Articles Spring Forth
Articles of Confederation
The United States Constitution
The Declaration of Independence
The Continental Congress
The Revolutionary War
The Shot Heard 'Round
The French Indian War
Boston Tea Party
The Boston Massacre
In 1760, King George III ascends Throne of England. Between 1764 and 1763, France and England are
engaged in an expensive war in North America.
A treaty is finally signed ending the war, but the costly war needed to be paid for. But by whom?
Parliament begins to tax colonists...
Time dragged on in the colonies. The presence of
British troops (Redcoats) in Boston resulted in minor scuffles and skirmishes during the cold winter of 1769-70. On March 5, 1770, a crowd of rioters began throwing snowballs at Redcoats. What started as a snowball fight quickly escalated. The panicky troops responded by firing into the crowd. Five Bostonians lay dead in the aftermath. The incident sparked FURY amongst the populace!
Local attorney John Adams volunteered his legal services to the soldiers, most of whom were acquitted. The other soldiers were treated leniently by the standard of the day. The British also relented; all the Townshend duties (except the tea tax) were repealed by April of 1770.
A tenuous truce lasted two more years.
In protest of the tax policy that controlled all tea
imported to the colonies, on December 16, 1773, after officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain, a group of colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians boarded the ships and destroyed the
tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor.
The actions of the First Continental Congress led the British Government in January 1775 to decide on the use of force to control the colonies. In April, British troops began seizing arms the Patriots had stored in Concord. Forewarned, a group of Minute Men met the British at Lexington, where an exchange of gunfire left 8 Americans dead. The British moved on to Concord and destroyed the provisions stored there. On their way back to Boston, however, they encountered withering fire from irregulars along their line of march. Other colonies rallied to support Massachusetts.
The Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from all 13 Colonies. It would the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.
They met three times from 1774 to 1789.
The first Congress was called over issues of the Intolerable Acts penalizing Massachusetts. Though at first divided on independence, the second Congress in July 1776 gave a unanimous vote for independence, issuing the Declaration of Independence. It established a Continental Army, giving command to one of its members George Washington.
Under the US's first constitution, The Articles of Confederation it waged war with Britain,
made a military treaty with France, and
funded the war effort with
loans and paper money.
Although the Americans lost the first battles of the war: Bunker Hill, Brooklyn Heights, Harlem Heights, the Deep South; they won small battles at Trenton and Princeton, and then in a turning point, a big battle at Saratoga, New York in 1777. Washington's frozen army hung on at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, while Benjamin Franklin negotiated an alliance with the French monarchy, which was anxious for revenge on England. The war turned to the South, where the British won victory after victory, until the Americans, aided by a large French army, with the French navy blocking off
the British from supplies and reinforcements,
won the final victory of the war at
Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781.
Daniel Shays: American soldier, revolutionary,
and farmer, fought at Bunker Hill and came home
to Massachusetts to find his farm in foreclosure and the
bank ready to take it. He encourages a populist uprising against oppressive debt collection and tax policies and the federal government was unable to do anything about it.
No taxation without
The Coercive Acts
1774: George III closed Boston Harbor until the colonists paid for the tea; he forced the quartering of soldiers in colonists homes, and brought the Massachusetts government under control of Britain...
It was only a matter of time.
Raise an army?
Pay for the war?
Amend the Articles?
In the aftermath of Shays' Rebellion, some 4,000 signed confessions acknowledging participation in the events of the rebellion in exchange for amnesty [or a pardon from prosecution]; several hundred participants were eventually indicted on charges relating to the rebellion. Eighteen men, including Shays, were convicted and sentenced to death. Though most of these death warrants were either overturned on appeal, pardoned, or had their sentences commuted (including Shays), two condemned men, John Bly and Charles Rose, were hanged on December 6, 1787. Shays ended up returning to Massachusetts from hiding in the Vermont woods. He was forever vilified by the Boston press, who painted him as an unpatriotic anarchist opposed to the government. His legacy lives on today, however, as the singular impetus for the reconvening of the Continental Congress for the drafting a new Constitution: a stronger, more centralized and powerful national government.
Raise an army?
Pay for the war?
Amend the Constitution?
Just what type of Government did our Founders create?
"To Form a More
What does Democracy mean?
What is in the Constitution?
How many times has it been changed?
Why was it amended?
What is the Constitution's purpose?