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ABC's of Guatemala
Transcript of ABC's of Guatemala
Guatemala Jennifer Escamilla D- Dates E- Entertainment F- Food J- Jobs I- Information H- Housing G- Government L- Leftovers K- Kind of Environment Sources http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Guatemala.html http://www.squidoo.com/clothing-of-guatemala
Huipile A huipile is a traditional blouse that is woven by hand. Each one is uniquely designed with many colors and symbols that have their own special meanings. Cortes Cortes are traditional skirts that are woven on a foot-powered loom. They are usually woven by men. The fabric of the corte is wider, longer, and thinner than that of a huipil. The corte can stop down at the knees or be long down to the ankles. Faja A faja is a belt that keeps up the corte. Theses fajas are 6 to 9+ feet long. These are usually hand woven. Decoration on the belts can be hand embroidered or machine embroidered. Tzute A tzute is a multipurpose woven cloth that comes in many different designs and sizes. They can be used to carry babies, to cover baskets, as head coverings for church or to avoid the sun, or like a shawl when temperatures are cooler. Cinta Cintas are hair wraps that can represent the town a woman is from. They vary in sizes and the designs can tell a story or if the woman wearing it is married or single. Pantalones Pantalones are pants worn by men. These can be short below the knees or full length. The designs are done similar to that of huipile and are generally woven by women on a backstrap loom. Religion- Much of the Guatemalan population is Roman Catholicism with ancient Mayan beliefs and protestantism. Superstitions- Many of the people believe in spirits of nature. Specific caves, mountains, and bodies of water would be places they like to connect to. ~Spanish is the official language in Guatemala, but 22 indigenous languages that are mostly dialects of the Mayan language were recognized.
Many Indians don't speak Spanish. These Indian families are leaving their language so they can make sure their children learn fluent Spanish. ~ Instead of waving, Guatemalans wave good-bye by having their hand raised with the palm toward the body, and a wave of the fingers back and forth. They have their fingers together as if encased in a mitten. ~ Titles are important. People who have professional titles prefer to be recognized by them. Ex: Teacher-Profesor
Others go by Senor, Senora, or Senorita. 1821 1773 1524 On September 15, 1821, Guatemala declared its independence. 1945 A constitution guaranteed civil and political rights for all people was adopted. Guatemala was conquered by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado. Antigua, the past capital, is destroyed by earthquakes. Guatemala City is now the capital of Guatemala. MUSIC- They have native music that is made from the blend of Amerindian and Spanish influences.
DANCES- Traditional dances that seem like musical dramas. In these dances they use costumes and masks to tell historical events. Ex: Dance of the Conquest-recalls the victory of the Spanish over the Amerindians.
ART- Guatemalans make hand-woven Indian textiles, pottery, clay and wood carvings. Corn that is made into tortillas or tamales along with beans, rice, and bread or pasta are foods that are eaten by nearly all Guatemalans.
Pork, chicken, and beef are eaten depending on degree of affluence. Fish and selfish are also eaten.
Guatemala has been known for its vegetables and fruits.
~Some fruits and vegetables would be avocados, radishes, potatoes, onions, pineapples papayas, mangoes, citrus fruits, guavas, and many others of both native and foreign origin.
Fruit is eaten as dessert, or as a snack in-between meals.
Lettuce, snow peas, green beans, broccoli, cauliflower, artichokes, and turnips are grown for export and are also available in local markets.
3 meals a day- largest at noon.
Tamales are the most important ceremonial food and are eaten at many different occasions.
Fiambre, a special vegetable and meat salad, is eaten on November 1, the Day of the Dead. President, Vice President, and 80 member council.
Small Percent of citizens vote.
In areas with a large Mayan population, there have been two sets of local government leaders, one Ladino and one Mayan, with the former taking precedence. Men work in agriculture, business, and manufacturing.
Well educated professional women are accepted and highly respected; many of these women are owners and managers of businesses.
Women are less educated and paid lower than males. Men are predominate in teaching.
Handicrafts are usually assigned by gender. Ex: Indian women weave on backstrap or stick looms; Indian and Ladino men weave on foot looms.
In Indian towns, the houses are made mostly of sun-dried blocks (adobe) and are roofed by corrugated aluminum or ceramic tiles. The poorer houses often have only one large room with a hearth. These rooms contain the bed, tables, chairs, storage and other necessities. The eldest residents sleep on the bed, while the younger adults and children sleep on petates (reed mats) on the floor. Running water in homes are enjoyed only in some wealthier villages. Middle-class and upper-class Ladino children are not expected to do any work until they are at least teenagers.
Formal education begins at the age of seven.
Depending on the financial ability of the family, children are educated to the highest level on which they are capable.
There are universities that provide undergraduate and advanced degrees. EX: Sciences, medicine, arts, law, etc. Ladino upper-class men and women work in more professional areas and business.
Older Ladino and Indian teenagers can be highly found working in maquilas, assembly plants that produce clothing and other items for export.
Young children work at home or on the fields of farming families. In cities they may sell candies or other small products on the streets.
The currency in Guatemala is the quetzal, named after the Guatemala's official bird, the Quetzal. The birds feathers were used as the currency in ancient Mayan culture.
Guatemala is bordered by Mexico at the west and north boundaries and bordered by the Pacific Ocean south of the country. Vary in Climates:
Northern Lowlands and Atlantic coastal are warm and have high amounts of rainfall.
Pacific Lowlands are drier and warm.
Highlands are temperate.
http://www.compassion.com/about/where/guatemala.htm Guatemala means "land of forests." It is good etiquette for Maya children to greet adults by bowing their heads and sometimes folding their hands before them, like in prayer. Official bird of Guatemala, the Quetzal. Tierra Linda Primary School