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Tuskegee Airmen Presentation
Transcript of Tuskegee Airmen Presentation
By: Jayley, Kirtlyn, Jessica, and Janice
The Tuskegee Airmen got their name because they received training at the airfields near Tuskegee, Alabama. This was also an area where segregation and racial opinions were very strong.
The first Tuskegee Airmen unit was the 99th Fighter Squadron Unit, started in March 1941.
Their first area they were deployed to was North Africa. Here they flew P-40's alongside the white 33rd Fighter Group, under the command of Col. William M. Momyer.
The Army Air Corps was segregated in the 1940's just like all parts of the military. “Tuskegee Airmen” refers to all the pilots, navigators, bombardiers, maintenance and support staff, instructors, and all the personnel who kept the planes in the air. Because there were no colored officers to train the men, 11 white officers were assigned to train the colored pilots.
Of those who went into battle, 66 gave their lives and 32 became prisoners of war.
The Tuskegee Airmen overcame segregation to become one of the most highly respected fighter groups. They proved that African Americans could fly planes in the war. The Tuskegee Airmen paved the way for full integration of the U.S. military.
In 1948, President Truman ordered the desegregation of the United States Military.
July 2, 1943:
While on a raid on Castelvetrano in southwestern Sicily, Charles B. Hall of the 99th Fighter Squadron earned the first Tuskegee Airmen aerial victory credit by shooting down a German FW-190.
On the same day, Sherman H. White and James L. McCullin didn't return from the mission, becoming the first Tuskegee Airmen lost in combat.
January 27-28, 1944:
The 99th Fighter Squadron shot down 13 enemy airplanes near Anzio while protecting the Allied beachhead there. The missions that they were sent on were dangerous and many white Air Force men wouldn't do these missions.
March 30, 1944: The War Department issued a report on “Operations of the 99th Fighter Squadron. The report noted that the black 99th Fighter Squadron had performed as well as the white P-40 squadrons with which it served while attached to white fighter groups.
February 15, 1944:
Another group of Tuskegee pilots, The 332nd Fighter Group, entered combat for the first time, flying P-39 airplanes for the Twelfth Air Force.
The 332nd flew fighter aircrafts with distinctive markings to assist with identifying friends from the enemy. The 332nd’s marking was bright red tails on their fighters.
This is where the nickname "Red Tails" comes from.
”The Tuskegee Airmen served a nation not willing to serve them."
-General Colin Powell
332nd Squadron Patch
99th Squadron Patch