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Copy of Psychology Lesson 1: Introduction to Psychology
Transcript of Copy of Psychology Lesson 1: Introduction to Psychology
Plans after graduation:
If college, what major?
If not college, where to?
Things you do well in school:
Biggest weakness in school:
Interesting things about you:
Boring things about you:
Do you have internet access at home?
Anything I should know about you so that I don’t inadvertently offend you? Lesson 1: Introduction to Psychology Do violent video games encourage
violent behavior? What are the best colors to use in a restaurant? Why do some people worry
more than others? Why do people in a crowd behave
differently than when they are alone? What other questions about behavior would you like to answer? What is Psychology? Psychology: The study of the mind and behavior
Behavior: includes every measurable internal and external activity a living thing does What are some goals of Psychology?
How do Psychologists reach those goals? Goal: Conduct Research
Study animal and human behavior
Can be in both natural or lab settings
Can study individual behaviors...What are some behaviors they could study?
Can study behavior of complex organizations...What would be a complex organization? Goal: Promote physical and mental health
They do things to help people become more
healthy by changing behaviors that cause them to have problems...Examples: phobias, compulsions, anxiety, eating disorders.
This may be done 1 on 1 or in groups Goal: Help people learn
Use results of research studies to help
people with things like
Taking in new information
Learning disabilities Goal: Work in the community
Help people in stressful situations or
in trouble cope with their problems
Examples: groups that help troubled youth
Help religious groups help others
Work with people in prison to become better members of society Goal: Help with the work environment
Design work environments that are less
Run programs that assist employees that may
have addictions to drug and alcohol, depression, etc. Think-Pair-Share---After what we’ve learned so far…How does psychology help society? Journal #1— Think of a behavior that you do. How do you think psychology could help you better understand this behavior?
Think back to the goals of psychology and think about how psychologists study people.
Start each journal entry with a title and number (This one is "Journal #1 How Can Psychology Help Me Understand My Behavior")
Answers should be one or two detailed paragraphs. Psychology for YOU: Ways that you can use Psychology
Understand your social relationships
Understand how you are influenced by your friends and the media
Understand how YOU influence others
Understand why you feel stressed in certain situations...and what you can do about it.
Understand that THERE ARE ALWAYS CHOICES History of Psychology Psychology is full of
Why should we care? With Psych, if you study the old guys
you won't have to re-do what they already studied Each group will be assigned an old-school theorists...You will read the section for your theorists, take really good notes, and then each group will share with the group what they have learned. These guys will be on the test, so you need to do a good job...your classmates are counting on you.
Pg 12 THE GROWTH OF PSYCHOLOGY first 3 paragraphs---EVERYONE
Journal 2: Which theorist do you feel
most closely fits with your views? What are the major sub-fields of Psychology? Neurobiological Approach
Studies how the brain, nervous system, and
other systems WITHIN the body impact behavior.
What happens IN the body to make you do certain things like change breathing rate, feel depressed, or feel happy?
Neurobiologists DO recognize that the environment influences behavior as well...they are just MORE interested in the body. Behavioral Approach
Believe that we are the products of all the experiences that we've had in life.
We learn to behave based on rewards and punishments
Environment plays a HUGE role
Some don't like this approach because it kind of gets rid of "free will." Psychodynamic Approach
This is where Freud comes in to play
Sexual and aggressive impulses from childhood shape the "unconscious mind."
This unconscious mind then influences behavior later in life
Modern Psychodynamic Psychologists differ from Freud a little bit.
They no longer place as much emphasis on sexual and aggressive forces Some refer to the "collective unconscious."
Ideas that are part of every civilization
Things like "love at first site" "deja vu" immediate recognition of certain symbols, different civilizations having the same mythologies.
They call these features "archetypes"-feel free to read more here: http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/jung.html Cognitive Approach
Study "higher processes"
thinking, intelligence, problem solving,
reasoning, creativity, etc.
How can these processes help people deal with problems and develop a healthy personality?
Some don't like this approach because it does not recognize Emotion as a higher process. Evolutionary Approach
Combination of Cognitive Psychology
and Evolutionary Biology
If a behavior led to the survival of an organism, that organism would reproduce more offspring.
The behaviors that led to survival would be passed down to the offspring.
These behaviors included those "higher processes"...the ability to think, reason, make logical choices, etc.
These Psychologists DO recognize that NOT ALL of our behaviors are evolutionary in nature. Humanistic Approach
Every person has the ability to be whatever
they want to be
Very much believe in FREE WILL
Like Behaviorists, they believe the environment plays a role.
However, when Behaviorists say it's practically ALL environment, Humanists believe we have the self-awareness and free will to allow us to shape who we are. Sociocultural Approach
All the others focus on individual behavior
This one focuses on how that individual behavior is shaped BY social groups and culture.
Study families, ethnic groups, religious groups, unique populations such as prisoners, migrant workers, etc. to see how being in those groups affects a person's behavior. Example: Professional Football players and Professional Baseball players are in very similar situations...Why do we see more pro football players getting arrested for violent behaviors than baseball players? Journal 3: Which Sub-field interests you most? Why? Causes of Behavior: A Case Study
Groups will be based on which sub-field you liked best.
Step 1: As a group, read about Billy
Step 2: As a group, answer 1, 2, and 3.
We'll share as a class our ideas for 1, 2, and 3.
Step 3: Refresh your memory on your Approach, and answer Part B but only for your particular approach.
When each group shares, take some notes on how each group would approach it. (I'm going to give you points for doing this) (2001). Introduction to Psychology. McDougal Littel: Evanston, Il. http://www.alquier.org/linfa-net/diary/images/halo.jpg http://www.freefoto.com/images/04/05/04_05_11---McDonalds_web.jpg Theory activity:
Step 1: I will read and explain a theory
Step 2: Each group will attempt to explain the theory based on their sub-field's view
Step 3: write the name of the theory and which view you think is right and why.
2. Belief Bias
3. Below-Average Effect
4. Bystander Effect
5. Classical Conditioning
6. Clustering Illusion
8. Cognitive Dissonance
9. Social Contagion Look on Page 3 of your textbook. Here are the 49 Divisions of the American Psychological Association. Basically, its a big list of different approaches and specialties within psychology. If a bunch of psychologists were going to study you and your behavior, which divisions might they be from?