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World Cultures Ch 14 Australia and New Zealand Lesson 2

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Bryan Poepperling

on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of World Cultures Ch 14 Australia and New Zealand Lesson 2

World Cultures Chapter 14
Australia and
Oceania Lesson 2: Growth of Australia and
New Zealand
Mr. Poepperling Welcome to Australia and New Zealand! Standards and Objectives - 7.3.9.A: Explain the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria: population, culture, settlement, economic activities, and political activities

- 7.2.12.A: Analyze the physical characteristics of places and regions, including the interrelationships among the components of Earth’s physical systems

- 8.4.W.A: Evaluate the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history What we will learn about:
- The aborigines of Australia and the Maoris of New Zealand
- The Impact of European settlement on Australia and New Zealand
- The political and economic development of Australia and New Zealand The First European Settlers
- 1769 British explorer Captain James Cook landed in New Zealand
- Explored Australia and claimed the land for Britain Australia – British penal colony
- Place to send people who were convicted of crimes
1787 - The First Fleet
- 776 men, women and children
- Many were sent over because of crimes committed
- Murder and robbery
- Stealing bread or failing to repay debt
160,000 would follow
- 1867 – transportation policy was ended Matthew and Elizabeth Everingham
1784 – 14-year-old Matthew sentenced to seven years’ transport to Australia for stealing two books for the purpose of pawning them

17-year-old Elizabeth Rimes transported for stealing a blanket and a sheet

Despite hardships, Elizabeth and Matthew married, raised nine children, survived and prospered

7,000 Australians and Aborigines trace the family roots back to this couple. Prisoners Up Close Impact of European Settlement
- 1800s – free men and women migrate
Raised merino sheep
1851 – Gold Rush
- Victoria and New South Wales boomed
- Farms and sheep ranches
- West coast settlement in Perth Outpost of British Culture

- British language, customs, holidays and government
- Maintained strong family and economic ties to homeland Britain despite distances Impact on the Aborigines
- Stone Age weapons v. European military technology
- The Aborigines were forced into the interior
- Worked on white-owned sheep ranches
- Died in wars, diseases (small pox and measles) Maoris in New Zealand also fell to the same fate as the aborigines
- Today they have taken legal action to regain land taken away by the British so many years ago. Political and Economic Development
- 1900s both New Zealand and Australia gained independence
- Both nations remained close to Britain – joining The British Commonwealth of Nations Democratic Traditions
- Governments set up to reflect European traditions of democracy
- Adapted British models and United States ideas
- Written constitutions
- Federal system of government
- Parliament
- Senate and house of representatives
- Majority party in the parliament chooses the prime minister, who is the chief executive Australia
- Introduced secret ballot
New Zealand and later Australia
- first nations to grant women suffrage or the right to vote Economic patterns
- Agricultural products
- Wool, lamb and beef
- Australia is the world's larges producer of coal
- Iron ore
- “Quarry and Mine of the World”
- Most Australians enjoy a high standard of living Drawbacks
- Overgrazing
- Scarce water resources
- Intensive mining has caused pollution and stripped the land of resources
- Threatens lands that the Aborigines hold sacred Nuclear Tensions
- New Zealand
- Nuclear free zone
- Nuclear weapons are banned from harbors
Tensions with United States
- Banned American warships armed with nuclear weapons
- Dispute ended after the Cold War when United States removed nuclear weapons from its ships Who were the seafaring people from Southeast Asia who reached New Zealand 800 years ago? First British explorer to land on New Zealand in 1769 Australia is the world’s largest producer of … * Watch Europeans Arrive Video on Flash Drive* Growth of Australia and New Zealand Section 2 Aborigines
- Nomadic hunters and gatherers
- Live in coastal rim and river valleys
- Small groups
- 250 distinct language
- Religious Beliefs
- Oral tradition
- Bond with nature



- Today they have adapted ancient artistic traditions to modern ideas and methods The Maoris of New Zealand
- Seafaring people from Southeast Asia
- Reached New Zealand 800 years ago
- They were farmers who settled in villages
Marae
- Center of village life
- Ceremonial gathering place Catherine Helen Spence
Australian suffragist
In 1897 she became Australia's first female political candidate after standing (unsuccessfully) for the Federal Convention.

Known as the "Greatest Australian Woman" and given the epitaph "Grand Old Woman of Australasia", Spence is commemorated on the Australian 5 dollar note issued for the Centenary of Federation of Australia. Regional and Global Issues
- WWI and WWII
- Joined allied powers
1945
- British influence declined
Cold War
- Developed strong ties with the United States
- Battled communist forces in Korea and Vietnam Wars
Asian ties
- Economic and political futures
- Japan – chief trading partner
- Assisted Vietnam to rebuild after war
- Students in Australia learn Southeast Asian history Immigration
- Before Australia would only allow Europeans
- Today many Asians have immigrated seeking safety
- “Boat People” (from War-torn Southeast Asia)
- Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia
- Skilled people seeking economic opportunities Ticket off of
the Island What is the term for a place to send people convicted of crimes? They were forced to live on the interior in Australia working on white-owned sheep ranches and dying in wars and from diseases. What type of government was set up by New Zealand and Australia? When did both New Zealand and Australia gain independence? What country is the chief Asian trading partner of Australia? Who were the Asian immigrants migrating to Australia for safety? What island has had tensions with the U.S. due to nuclear weapons? First Migrations
- 40,000 years ago from Southeast Asia
- 200+ years ago immigrants settle Economic patterns
- Agricultural products
- wool, lamb, and beef
- Australia is the world's largest producer of coal
- Iron ore
- "Quarry and Mine of the World"
- Residents have a high standard of living

Drawbacks
- Overgrazing
- Scarce water resources
- Intensive mining has caused pollution and stripped the land of resources
- Threatens lands that Aborigines hold sacred Look up Maoris article "Reconciliation in New Zealand"
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