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Poli - Latin AMerican Politics - Mexico
Transcript of Poli - Latin AMerican Politics - Mexico
THE CANCER OF THE OLIGARCHY
THE OLIGARCHY FORESTALL ANY GAINS BY THE MIDDLE CLASS
A CHOICE BETWEEN
STABILITY AND SEVERE INEQUALITY
POVERTY, INEQUALITY AND VIOLENCE ARE WIDESPREAD
THE POOR BECOME EASY RECRUITS INTO CRIME AND GANG LIFE
VIABLE DEMOCRACY MUST AT THE MINIMUM SECURE THE TERRITORY AND PROVIDE PHYSICAL SECURITY TO THE CITZENS
A FAILED STATE CAN DO NEITHER
MEXICO HAS FAIR ELECTIONS AND AN ACTIVIST CONGRESS
BUT ITS DEMOCRATIC DEFICITS ARE TERRIBLE
A WEAKENED STATE WITH SERIOUS THREATS
BEGINNINGS WITHOUT FRUITION
THE TERRIBLE RULE OF PORFIRIO DIAZ
THE PROMISES OF THE REVOLUTION
THE REVOLUTION SIDE TRACKED
THE REVIVAL UNDER THE PRI
70 YEARS OF STABILITY
STEADY GROWTH OF GDP
BY 1980S PROBLEMS ACRUED
NATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY PARTY (NRP) UNDER PRESIDENT CALLES TALKED A LOT BUT CONTINED TO SERVE THE GOALS OF THE ELITES
RECENT PRESIDENTS OF MEXICO
1934 -40 = CARDENAS
1940-46 = CAMACHO
1946 -52 = VALDEZ
1952 - 58 = CORTINES
1958 - 64 = MATEOS
1964 -70 = ORDAZ
1970 -76 = ECHEVERIA
1976-82 = PORTILLO
1982-88 = DE LA MADRID
1988-94 = SALINAS DE GORTARI
1994-00 = ZEDILLO
2000-06 = FOX
2006-12 = CALDERON
2012 - INCUMBENT = NIETO
THERE IS A REAL THREAT TO MEXICO'S FUTURE VIABILITY.
NORTH AMERICANS MUST BE CONCERNED FOR OUR CODEPENDENCY
BY 1876 DIAZ HAD STARTED THE PROCESS OF CONSOLIDATION
HE STOLE LAND FROM THE POOR
AND BOUGHT OFF THE LESSER STRONG MEN
DIAZ FORCED MODERIZATION WHILE THE POOR SUFFERED TREMENDOUSLY - SERFS AND SLAVES WERE NOT HELPED BY THE REVOLUTION TO REMOVE DIAZ.
BY 1934 THE REVOLUTION WAS REVIVED BY PRESIDENT CARDENAS
HE STRENGTHENED THE PRESIDENCY AND FORCED MANY REFORMS
HE NATIONALIZED THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY AND RAILROADS
PRI - BEGAN COOPTING SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AS CLIENTS
EVERY 6 YEARS, THE NEW PRESiDENT REPLACES EVERYONE
BY 1967, A MERE 37 MEN CONTROLLED ABOUT 70% OF THE GDP
REFORMS WERE MADE
THE DEBT CRISIS (DURING REAGAN AND AGAIN UNDER CLINTON) UNDERMINED THE REFORMS
WHY DO GOVERNMENTS FAIL TO DEAL WITH POVERTY?
WHY NOT SOLVE EXCLUSION?
THE ELITES REFUSE TO DEAL WITH POLITICAL EXCLUSION
IS IT A FAILURE OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION
PRESIDENT FOX WAS WILLING TO FOLLOW NEO-LIBERAL POLICIES THAT REDUCES THE STATE'S ABILITY TO ATTACK POVERTY AND OTHER POLICIES
A state must maintain stability while solving the conundrum of inequality
The oligarchy of the rich and powerful must not weaken the state so much so that the state cannot address poverty, etc.
No one benefits from a weak state.
Inequality cannot be solved overnight.
a market driven solution such as neo-liberalism is slow to address inequality
a state mandated approach such as socialism makes rapid changes but then wilts as it is unable to manage gradual micro-changes
NAFTA HELPED THE NORTHERN PROVINCES BUT NOT THE SOUTHERN ZONES
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTIVISM REPLACED MOVEMENTS
BY THE MIDDLE OF 1980S FRAUD WAS ONCE AGAIN A HUGE PROBLEM
MEXICO HAS AVOIDED THE PINK TIDE