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Daniel

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Ben Lovelady

on 13 May 2016

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Transcript of Daniel

Daniel
"The book of Daniel is similar in setting to Ezekiel, taking place in Babylonia and addressing the disheartened and disillusioned remnant of Israel. ...God is sovereign and rules over all people and kingdoms even though it does not always look that way. Although the Babylonians (and the Persians) seem to control the world, Daniel proclaims that Yahweh is still very much in control and is moving to bring history itself to His divinely directed culmination. Thus there is more to history than is often apparent on the surface."
Daniel Hays
Context, Theme,
& Structure
"The land of Shinar"
(Daniel 1:2 & Genesis 11:2)
Narratives
"Four great beasts, ...came up out of the sea. ...a lion, ...wings of an eagle. ...its wings were torn off and it was lifted from the ground so that it stood on two feet like a man, ...the heart of a man was given to it. ...a second beast, ....like a bear. ...it had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. It was told, 'Get up and eat your fill of flesh!'...another beast, ...like a leopard. ...on its back it had four wings like those of a bird. ...had four heads, and it was given authority to rule. After that, ...a fourth beast--terrifying and frightening and very powerful. It had large iron teeth; it crushed and devoured its victims and trampled underfoot whatever was left. It was different from all the former beasts, and it had ten horns. While I was thinking about the horns, there before me was another horn, a little one, which came up among them; and three of the first horns were uprooted before it. This horn had eyes like the eyes of a man and a mouth that spoke boastfully."
Daniel 7:3-8
Apocalyptic
"Daniel emphasizes Yahweh's sovereignty over history. ...He reigns and rules over all. Kings and kingdoms derive their authority from Him. They are not autonomous and do not determine their own destiny. What Daniel particularly emphasizes is that Israel's victory will not come soon. The restoration from exile (536 BC) is not the end of Israel's suffering, nor is it Israel's final triumph. Many kingdoms will reign before the kingdom of God arrives in power. Those who know their God must, like Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, refuse to compromise with paganism."
Thomas Schreiner
Take Aways
"The book of Daniel addresses the situation of Israel in exile (605-536 BC), calling upon Israel to recognize that God rules over all and will bring in His kingdom, and therefore they should not compromise with paganism. Even though Israel was in exile, Yahweh still reigned over history."
Thomas Schreiner
Sovereignty of God Chiasm
A1 Interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar's statue dream (ch 2)
B1 Deliverance of Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego from furnace (ch 3)
C1 Humbling of Nebuchadnezzar (ch 4)
C2 Humbling of Belshazzar (ch 5)
B2 Deliverance of Daniel from lion's (ch 6)
A2 Interpretation of Daniel's beasts and Son of Man dream (ch 7)
Language Breakdown
Daniel 1:1-2:4a: Hebrew
Daniel 2:4b-7:28: Aramaic
Daniel 8:1-12:13: Hebrew
Apocalyptic Literature:
"...a genre of revelatory literature with a narrative framework, in which a revelation is mediated by an otherworldly being to a human recipient, discolsing a transcendent reality which is both temporal, insofar as it envisages eschatological salvation, and spatial insofar as it involves another supernatural world."
John Collins
Components of Apocalyptic Literature
1) the use of highly graphic images and symbols,
usually associated with visions
2) the periodization of future world history
3) an emphasis on God's sovereignty
4) the use of angels and visions to reveal the future
5) the ultimate victory of God and God's people over
the forces of evil
Daniel 1-6--Narrative
Daniel 7-12--Apocalyptic
"You, however, I will scatter among the nations and will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become waste."
Leviticus 26:33
"Moreover, the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth; and there you shall serve other gods, wood and stone, which you or your fathers have not known."
Deuteronomy 28:64
"The king assigned them a daily amount of food and wine from the king's table. They were to be trained for three years, and after that they were to enter the king's service."
Daniel 1:5
"At the end of the ten days they looked healthier and better nourished than any of the young men who ate the royal food."
Daniel 1:15
"To these four young men God gave knowledge and understanding of all kinds of literature and learning. And Daniel could understand visions and dreams of all kinds. In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king questioned them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters in his whole kingdom."
Daniel 1:17, 20
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
"The king replied to the astrologers, 'This is what I have firmly decided: If you do not tell me what my dream was and interpret it, I will have you cut into pieces and your houses turned into piles of rubble."
Daniel 2:5
"Daniel replied, 'No wise man, enchanter, magician or diviner can explain to the king the mystery he has asked about, but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries."
Daniel 2:27-28
(cf. 2:10)
"While you were watching, a rock was cut out, but not by human hands. It struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and smashed them. Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were broken to pieces at the same time and became like chaff on a threshing floor in the summer. The wind swept them away without leaving a trace. But the rock that struck the statue became a huge mountain and filled the whole earth."
Daniel 2:34-35
Chapter 3
"As soon as you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipes and all kinds of music, you must fall down and worship the image of gold that King Nebuchadnezzar has set up. Whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into a blazing furnace."
Daniel 3:5-6
"Now when you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipes and all kinds of music, if you are ready to fall down and worship the image I made, very good. But if you do not worship it, you will be thrown immediately into a blazing furnace. Then what god will be able to rescue you from my hand?"
Daniel 3:15
"Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego replied to the king, "O Nebuchadnezzar, we do not need to defend ourselves before you in this matter. If we are thrown into the blazing furnace, the God we serve is able to save us from it, and he will rescue us from your hand, O king."
Daniel 3:16-17
Chapter 4
"These are the visions I saw while lying in my bed: I looked, and there before me stood a tree in the middle of the land. Its height was enormous. The tree grew large and strong and its top touched the sky; it was visible to the ends of the earth. Its leaves were beautiful, its fruit abundant, and on it was food for all. Under it the beasts of the field found shelter, and the birds of the air lived in its branches; from it every creature was fed."
Daniel 4:10-12
"The decision is announced by messengers, the holy ones declare the verdict, so that the living may know that the Most High is sovereign over the kingdoms of men and gives them to anyone he wishes and sets over them the lowliest of men."
Daniel 4:17
"...until you acknowledge that the Most High is sovereign over the kingdoms of men and gives them to anyone He wishes."
Daniel 4:25
Chapter 5
"While Belshazzar was drinking his wine, he gave orders to bring in the gold and silver goblets that Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken from the temple in Jerusalem, so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines might drink from them."
Daniel 5:2
"...his body was drenched with the dew of heaven, until he acknowledged that the Most High God is sovereign over the kingdoms of men and sets over them anyone he wishes. But you his son, O Belshazzar, have not humbled yourself, though you knew all this."
Daniel 5:21-22
"That very night Belshazzar, king of the Babylonians, was slain...."
Daniel 5:30
Chapter 6
"Now Daniel so distinguished himself among the administrators and the satraps by his exceptional qualities that the king planned to set him over the whole kingdom."
Daniel 6:3
"Now when Daniel learned that the decree had been published, he went home to his upstairs room where the windows opened toward Jerusalem. Three times a day he got down on his knees and prayed, giving thanks to his God, just as he had done before."
Daniel 6:10
"So the king gave the order, and they brought Daniel and threw him into the lions' den. The king said to Daniel, 'May your God, whom you serve continually, rescue you!'"
Daniel 6:16
"...when Daniel was lifted from the den, no wound was found on him, because he had trusted in his God."
Daniel 6:23
Chapter 7
"In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed."
Daniel 7:13-14
"And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory."
Matthew 24:30
Chapter 8
"Then I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a ram which had two horns was standing in front of the canal. Now the two horns were long, but one was longer than the other, with the longer one coming up last. I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his power, but he did as he pleased and magnified himself. While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground...."
Daniel 8:3-5
Chapter 9
"So now, our God, listen to the prayer of Your servant and to his supplications, and for Your sake, O Lord, let Your face shine on Your desolate sanctuary. O my God, incline Your ear and hear! Open Your eyes and see our desolations and the city which is called by Your name; for we are not presenting our supplications before You on account of any merits of our own, but on account of Your great compassion. O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action! For Your own sake, O my God, do not delay, because Your city and Your people are called by Your name."
Daniel 9:17-19
"Gabriel was sent to David to assure him that his prayer was answered (9:20-23). But the prayer was answered in a surprising way. Yes, Israel would return from exile, but the fullness of what God promised would not become a reality when Israel returned from captivity in Babylon. ...'Everlasting righteousness' would finally be a reality, and all prophecies and visions would be fulfilled (9:24). Daniel 9:26 reveals, rather cryptically, the basis of the forgiveness of sins. The 'anointed one' (messiah), after sixty-nine weeks (483 years), would be put to death. ...The building of Jerusalem...commences with the work of Nehemiah in the rebuiliding of the wall in 445 BC. Hence, 483 years would bring us to the life, ministry, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the late 20s and early 30s AD."
Thomas Schreiner
Chapter 10
"Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation. By smooth words he will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will display strength and take action."
Daniel 11:31-32
"Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods; and he will prosper until the indignation is finished, for that which is decreed will be done."
Daniel 11:36
Chapter 11
"greatly loved" ...10:11, 19
Chapter 12
"Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued. Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt. Those who have insight will shine brightly like the brightness of the expanse of heaven, and those who lead the many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever."
Daniel 12:1-3
"BEHOLD, HE IS COMING WITH THE CLOUDS, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. So it is to be. Amen."
Revelation 1:7
"Daniel is a book of polarities. It may be described, for instance as one of the simplest or as one of the most complex books of the Bible. The stories of the first six chapters are the staple of Sunday school classes and vacation Bible schools. On the other hand, scholars endlessly debate the complex visions that make up the second half of the book. ...Daniel is a fascinating book and a difficult one."
Tremper Longman & Raymond Dillard

"Obedience to God in the pressures and stresses of day-by-day living and trust in God's ways in the large sweep of history are always at risk, but especially in times of suffering and persecution. Obedience to God is difficult when we are bullied into compliance to the God-ignoring culture out of sheer survival. Trust in God is likewise at risk of being abandoned in favor of the glamorous seductions of might and size. Daniel was written out of just such times."
Eugene Peterson
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