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Rivoluzione gloriosa

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fabrizio rosasco

on 18 August 2016

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Transcript of Rivoluzione gloriosa

Aphra Behn, Eleanor James, la principessa Anna
Vince l'impostanzione dei Whig: le Camere conferiscono al re il diritto di esercitare il potere.
Calvinisti e cattolici sono esclusi dalle cariche pubbliche.
It is both certain and evident to all men, that the public peace and happiness of any state or kingdom cannot be preserved, where the Laws, Liberties, and Customs, established by the lawful authority in it, are openly transgressed and annulled; more especially where the alteration of Religion is endeavoured, and that a religion, which is contrary to law, is endeavoured to be introduced; upon which those who are most immediately concerned in it are indispensably bound to endeavour to preserve and maintain the established Laws, Liberties and customs, and, above all, the Religion and Worship of God, that is established among them; and to take such an effectual care, that the inhabitants of the said state or kingdom may neither be deprived of their Religion, nor of their Civil Rights.
William of Orange
Il nuovo ruolo delle donne
Due modelli politici: Whig e Tories.
Atto di tolleranza (1689): libertà di culto?
TORIES

cavalieri
significato del nome dispregiativo = banditi
contrari all'assolutismo
il re deve governare al di sopra delle due Camere
sostenitori della Chiesa anglicana
L'episodio decisivo della guerra irlandese del 1688-1689 fu l'assedio di Londonderry, strenuamente difesa dai protestanti tra l'aprile e il luglio 1689. Se fosse caduta, difficilmente gli inglesi avrebbero potuto recuperare il controllo dell'isola.
L'esercito cattolico guidato da Giacomo II viene sconfitto nei pressi del fiume Boyne il 1° luglio 1690.
$1.25
5 Novembre 1688- 16 Dicembre 1689
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Guglielmo d'Orange sul trono d'Inghilterra
La nascita della monarchia parlamentare
Guglielmo III d'Orange e la moglie Maria Stuart
The Magna Carta (originally known as the Charter of Liberties) of 1215, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin, using standard abbreviations of the period, authenticated with the Great Seal of King John. The original wax seal was lost over the centuries. This document is held at the British Library and is identified as "British Library Cotton MS Augustus II.106".
La rivoluzione gloriosa:
la nascita del moderno stato liberale e democratico

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williamite_War_in_Ireland
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/tory-e-whig_(Enciclopedia-Italiana)/
WHIG
teste rotonde
significato del nome dispregiativo = bovari
contrari all'assolutismo
il re deve governare, in posizione subordinata alle due Camere
sostenitori della libertà di culto
1679, Habeas Corpus Act: in difesa del cittadino, vieta l'arresto arbitrario
Prince of Orange Landing at Torbay, engraving by William Miller after J M W Turner (Rawlinson 739), published in The Art Journal 1852 (New Series Volume IV). George Virtue, London, 1852
http://www.treccani.it/scuola/lezioni/storia/la_monarchia_parlamentare_inglese.html
Full transcript