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Japan's Rite of Passage

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daniel campbell

on 15 February 2013

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Transcript of Japan's Rite of Passage

-In this specific ritual, boys and girls alike are not to grow any hair on their head. It is shaven off. Once either gender gets to age 3, they are allowed to grow it out. This symbolizes that the children have not yet gotten to an age where they are considered to be in their middle childhood, and are still young. Japan's Rite of Passage By: Daniel Campbell -At the ceremony (its a giant festival), which takes place on November 15th, the children are allowed to grow their hair out, and are wearing their Kimono (many for their first time)
- When dressed in their Kimono, they visit shrines. Three-year-old girls usually wear hifu
(a type of padded vest) with their kimono. -Chitose Ame (which translates into "thousand year candy") is given to children on Shichi-Go-San. Chitose Ame is long, thin, red and white candy, which symbolizes healthy growth and longevity. It is given in a bag decorated with a crane and a turtle, which represent long life in Japan. Chitose Ame is wrapped in a thin, clear, and edible rice paper film that resembles plastic 2. Predominant Symbols, Values and Norms. To begin, the rite of passage Shichi-Go-San is celebrated for 3, 5 and 7 year olds. These ages were not chosen without thought; the ages were chosen following East Asian numerology. In east Asian numerology odd numbers are considered lucky. This numerical philosophy is the belief that certain numbers are some how mystical or divine. Aside from this practice that the passage revolves around, a main traditional practice is the visitation of the “Shinto Shrine”. These visitations are intended to cleanse the spirits of the visitor and do away of the evil spirits. These Shinto shrines are a place of worship and to house kami, most briefly described as spirits of Shinto faith. 3. Beliefs and Faiths This practice is evidently based on Shintoism. Shinto, translating to “way of the gods” does not have a founder nor does it have sacred writings or scriptures. It rarely has preaching either, it is more of lifestyle and is embedded within the traditions and people of Japan. In this faith, there are spirits or “gods” known as Kami. These spirits take form as necessities of life like wind, water, trees or mountains. They believe that once people die they become Kami. Something important to the Shinto faith, is to preserve certain ancient values and art forms, like calligraphy and court music. Currently, people practice Shintoism by praying at home alters or visiting shrines like in the rite of passage. 4. Modern Change
Children (Particularly boys) didn’t get their hair cut until the age of 3 and would cut it for the first time on this day (Shichi-Go-San).

Boys of age 5 dressed in the ritual hakama for the first time.

Girls of age 7 now used the traditional obi to tie their kimono.
The hair ritual that said that boys should be kept bald until 3 years old is no longer practiced.

Kimonos are still worn to shrines with different patterns and some custom designs.

3 year old girls wear a hifu under their kimono.

In Present times Western formal wear is more common for boys and girls. Suits with a dress shirt and tie for boys for example.

Photography has also become an essential part of a lot of ceremonies. The Present The past The Three-Stage Process Segregation The segregation process in this
particular rite of passage includes the
children wearing a specific set of clothes
when they turn the age 3,5, and 7. Some
boys are also allowed to finally start growing
their hair at the age of 3 as part of the first stage. Transition Stage During the transition stage, the children going through this ceremony are now considered to be
entering their mid-childhood. During this stage the mentor or teacher that guides the child through the festival is usually the parent and if they decide to attend a shrine, the shrine priest also has a part in the ceremony. Incorporation and Reintegration The incorporation and reintegration back into society includes the children receiving Chitose-Ame or 1000 year old candy that symbolizes longevity and luck/prosperity to showcase that this is the end of the ceremony and the child has been gifted with these traits. Reintegration outside from that is not extravagant or unusual. Shinto Shrine Kimono Chitose-Ame Hifu Praying at a Shinto Shrine Shichi-Go-San in the Past. Shichi-Go-San present day Thanks for watching! Shichi-Go-San Shichi-Go-San literally translates to "Seven, Five, Three". So when girls turn three or seven and boys turn three and five they celebrate Shichi-Go-San.
It takes place on November 15th but it's not a national holiday. So usually families and their children visit with each other the weekend closest to the day if they cannot visit on November 15th. History The festival is said to have
started during the Heian period
where the nobles celebrated
the growth of their children on a lucky
day in November. During the Kamakura
period, it was set on the 15th of November
because it is said that Tsunayoshi Tokugawa
was celebrating the growth of his son on that day. History Continued By the Edo period, this practice
spread to commoners, who began
visiting shrines to have prayers offered
to priests. The customs are still worn today, and evolved in the Meiji era. Graph of Japans immigration Japans rights of passages are affected by immigration because as more and more cultures and immigrants come from other countries, Japans rituals and celebrations change. Some examples are technology, music, as well as different celebrations.
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