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Critical Thinking in Social Sciences

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by

Jermaine Walker

on 11 January 2017

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Transcript of Critical Thinking in Social Sciences

1.
Critical thinkers are
flexible
3.
Critical thinkers are
skeptical
4.
Critical thinkers separate
facts
from
opinions
5.
Critical thinkers
don't oversimplify
Remember:

There is no "my side" or "your side". We must always remain open and flexible. The fields of social sciences are constantly changing and adapting with the world around us. What you learn in this class may become discarded in 10 years, years, or even in a few months. What's important is that we always pursue truth aggressively and that we don't allow our own preconceptions to blind us to real knowledge.
2.
Critical thinkers can identify
biases and assumptions
(including their own!)
6.
Critical Thinkers use
logical inference
Critical Thinking in Social Sciences: 6 TIPS
The
s
ocial sciences
are about thinking critically.
Life
is about about thinking critically.
Many issues we cover in the social sciences can be confusing, controversial and garner a wide variety of
opinions
,
which people try to support or discredit with
facts.
Critical Thinking
is the process of investigating an issue, while simultaneously
avoiding one's preconceptions.
Why is critical thinking important?
1. You must be able to think critically to be
well-educated:
-
higher
order thinking (explore ideas deeply)
- working in jobs that don't yet exist (
new challenges
)
2. We live in the
information age:
- determine what's
"junk information"
(not correct, beneficial, or useful)
3. Helps with
practical problems
related to social sciences:
- ex. coping with
stress
, dealing with
relationships
, understanding a person's
motives

If you enjoy mysteries and complexities you have one of the most important qualities of a critical thinker!
Sherlock Holmes doesn't jump to conclusions
"All people on welfare are lazy and cheating the government..."
Have you ever heard someone say something like this?
- person works hard
- resents rising taxes
- knows person who has abused system
Important:
biases don't make an opinion wrong, but we need to be aware of the possibility that they can cause people to avoid evidence that contradicts their opinions.
"vegetables will make you grow up big and strong"
As a kid you may have believed everything you were told:
But as you get older..
""yeah right" "prove it!"
Mr. Walker's mother told him all the vitamins were trapped at the bottom of his bowl of soup!
We must question
all
information and ideas and not just when they go against our own. Even when they come from someone we like and respect (like a teacher or our parents)
As social scientists we require evidence when making a decision.
We need to be
objective
and remain
emotionally detached
when dealing with controversial issues
Social scientists view the world as a complicated place of
cause and effect.
We need to look beyond simple and easy answers when pursuing
truth.
When we draw logical conclusions from our
understanding of evidence
ex.
If your friend tells you that he is going to be at
9:00pm
, when his usual bed time is at
midnight
, what logical inferences could you conclude?
Why would building a wall across the Mexican border not solve all of the U.S/Mexico immigration issues
Full transcript