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CYC - Counselling skills II

Nebriah Acton

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Autism

Autism Spectrum
Disorder Symptoms: Diagnosis Strengths Tips for helping parents and families that are effected by ASD Counseling Autistic the symptoms of autism vary greatly among each individual
- social communication and interaction is a struggle that all autistic people have in common
- prefer little or no eye contact
- have limited vocabulary
- strong resistance to change
- preference for spending time alone
- word or phrase repetition
- preference not to be touched, but can often require body pressure
- uneven development of motor skills
- little or no responsiveness to spoken communication
- little or no fear
- pointing or using gestures instead of speaking
- anxiety in crowds
- self harming behavior
- emotional displays, laughing or crying for no reason
- tantrums 1. What to take into consideration when counselling autistic children

- be aware of what triggers a child’s sensitivities: many autistic children are sensitive to light, sound, touch, taste and smell and by being conscious of these beforehand you will be able to prevent situations that may cause difficulties
- pay attention to the child’s non-verbal behaviors: it is important to pick up on the non-verbal cues of the children because some are not able to communicate
- allowing time for fun: an hour counseling session will likely be very overwhelming for the child and by having a fun environment the session will not feel therapeutic
- they often have a very good long-term memory
- ability to think in a visual way
- recall images and memories very easily
- they are often very detail-oriented
- they are very honest
- learn portions of information quickly
- they have a strong sense of integrity
- they are often very genuine and compliant
- they have a great sense of direction
- they are often very intelligent
- they are able to focus very well when given tasks
- they understand concrete concepts very well •Learn about autism. The more you know about autism spectrum disorders, the better equipped you’ll be to make informed decisions for your child. Educate yourself about the treatment options, ask questions, and participate in all treatment decisions. A Different Way Of Thinking You will learn what Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is, who it effects and what symptoms someone with ASD faces.

You will also learn the best techniques to use when working with or counselling a person and family with autism. What You'll Learn Defining Autism: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. - FELOR may not be effective when couselling an ASD person:
they can feel threatened by eye contact. They like a lot of personal space, so let them decide what is a fair distance. They often don't like directive questions, so watch your responding questions while speaking in language that they can understand. You need to have an openness to long responses and patience is key to working with autistic persons.
-provide client with a detailed schedule, this may have to be done often as autistic persons can often require repetitiveness and structure. Beware for sensory overload, only give a couple different activities of the schedule. Leave a lot of time for transitions, autistic people can often require breaks before moving onto the next tasks. Exceptions when counseling ASD persons Across the Spectrum 2. 3. 4. 5. Autistic disorder Autistic disorder is four times more likely to occur in boys than in girls. It is usually characterized by the withdrawal from the normal behaviors, awkward and unusual social behaviors, issues with effective communication and repetition in patterns of behavior. Signs and symptoms can begin to be seen and taken note of as early as 12- 24 months of age. Many professionals view Asperger’s Disorder as a higher functioning form of autism. Individuals with Asperger’s disorder have no obvious delays in language skills or in their cognitive development, self help skills or adaptive behavior. They do suffer from impairment in social functioning , stereotyped behaviors and repetitive mannerisms. Asperger’s disorder Not otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) occurs when an individual may not fall within the realm of the other ASD’s, but shows signs of severe and pervasive impairment in the development of reciprocal social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication skills. Pervasive development disorder Rhett’s disorder is as far as we know only apparent in girls. These individuals (girls) seem to
have normal development until 5-18 months of age. It appears that they then begin to lose
memory of previously learned language as well as a deceleration of head growth. Hand skills are
replaced by hand gestures such as “hand-flapping”. Along with this there comes a loss of social
interaction, physical coordination and receptive and expressive language is impaired. Recently a
genetic marker for Rhett’s has been identified. Rhett’s disorder Childhood dis-integrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller’s Disease, refers to the normal
development of children until two years of age, who then lose acquired skills. This usually occurs
between 36 and 48 months of age but may occur up to ten years of age. Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) Help them to: •Become an expert on their child. Help them to figure out what triggers their kid’s “bad” or disruptive behaviors and what elicits a positive response. What does their autistic child find stressful? Calming? Uncomfortable? Enjoyable? If they understand what affects their child, you’ll be better at troubleshooting problems and preventing situations that cause difficulties Help them to: •Accept your child, quirks and all. Rather than focusing on how your autistic child is different from other children and what he or she is “missing,” practice acceptance. Enjoy your kid’s special quirks, celebrate small successes, and stop comparing your child to others. Feeling unconditionally loved and accepted will help your child more than anything else. Help them to: •Don’t give up. It’s impossible to predict the course of an autism spectrum disorder. Don’t jump to conclusions about what life is going to be like for your child. Like everyone else, people with autism have an entire lifetime to grow and develop their abilities. Help them to: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TL5GHMEjzt8 Ruth Laarman, Magen McIntosh, Nebriah Acton, and Nikki Durstling By: - Autism is a disorder characterized by its neural development effecting social communication and interaction patterns.
- 1 in 110 children will be diagnosed with autism and there is no cure for autism.
- All symptoms in Autistic people vary greatly from one to the next but the one that prevails among them all is struggling with social communication. Autism: A Summary Continued Autism: A Summary - Autistic children can have severe sensitivities to the environment so when counselling them you must be aware of every part of their surroundings that could be uncomfortable or distracting. You must be able to pick up their non-verbal cues to illuminate anxiety.

- There are exceptions to regular counselling techniques when dealing with autistic children such as F.E.L.O.R. These should be consider and eliminated from counselling sessions with autistic children for best results in the session. - Autistic people prefer schedules in a way that they can see (pictures) so that they can prepare for transitions. Transitions can be a difficult time so prepare for breaks and plan time accordingly.

= We need to help families adapt to the new changes in their lives we must help them to: learn about autism, become experts on their children, accept their children and not give up on their children. Ruth Laarman -ruth.laarman@lethbridgcollege.ca
Magen McIntosh - magen.mcintosh@lethbridgecollege.ca
Nebriah Acton - nebria.acton@lethbridgecollege.ca
Nikki Durstling - nikkidurstling@hotmail.com Presenters and Emails: True or False Mini Post Test 1. There are 4 different disorders that fall on the autism spectrum.
2. Counsellors should consider leaving play time in their counselling sessions when counselling autistic children.
3. The symptoms in autistic people are the same for each person.
4. Things such as lights, noises and colors are not distracting for autistic when in a new environment.
5. Paying attention to non-verbal behaviors can assist a counsellor in preventing anxiety or escalation.
6. Autistic children are easily over-stimulated. 1. False - there are 5
2. True
3. False - symptoms vary greatly
4. False - these things are very distracting and can make Autistic feel uncomfortaabel
5. True
6. True Annotated Bibliography Autism Canada Foundation. (2011). What is Autism?. Retrieved on October 5, from http://autismcanada.org/aboutautism/index.html
For the purpose of this assignment there was a lot of useful information surrounding Autism within this website. This reference does not only educate the viewer on what Autism is, but it also sheds light about what the different areas of Autism are, across the spectrum. It includes a list of the characteristics of Autism as well as the early signs that can be seen within the disorder. Screening tools that are used to properly diagnose an individual that is within the Autistic spectrum and how to effectively work with the families and individuals that are being affected by this disorder.

Jlmelgarejo. (2011, Aug 13). Fixing Autism. Retrieved October 2, 2012, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2B1FeS5VX4.
This video clip provides the audience with a personal perspective on Autism as well as facts that can give the viewer a perspective on what autism is and who it affects. The author of the video shares his personal experience of his daughter who has autism and the rocky road that has followed her diagnose. He also provides insight to the disorder by educating the audience with facts about autism. He helps the audience to understand the importance of raising awareness on a disorder that affects many people not only in America but all around the world. He engages the audience by asking for their help to make Autism a priority in the health system.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders . (2008). Parents of autistic kids. Retrieved on October 5, 2012, from http://www.parentsofautistickids.com/
This website is something that is important in helping people understand Autism and for families who have a child with autism to help cope with what is going on. Within the content it brings forward the fears and frustrations within raising a child that has been diagnosed with Autism. As a parent you may notice that something is different but you do not know what it is, in this article it talks about the authors own personal experience with having a child that is autistic and it is truly comforting to know that you are not alone. It talks about the treatment options and therapies that the individual with Autism may participate in that are available. As for the client and family as a whole, treatment must be a priority for all as the family is no different than any other family, the family needs to be aware and willing to engage.

Smith, M., Segal, J., & Hutman, T. (2012, June). Helping children with autism. Retrieved on October 4, 2012, from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/autism_help.htm
This resource talks about the Autistic treatment strategies and parenting tips that are available. Become an expert on your child and do not wait for a diagnosis, many parents recognize a difference in their children and are afraid to admit that there is something out of the ordinary. The best thing that one can do is to become knowledgeable and accept that your child is the way he/she is and to not give up. Even though there is no known cause of Autism and there is no concrete “cure” people being affected by Autism can have a normal life where they can grow and develop their own personal abilities and live fulfilling lives no matter what their diagnosis. Annotated Bibliography Cont' Strengths related to autism spectrum disorders, (n.d.). Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.ct-asrc.org/docs/strengths.pdf
This source describes the strengths of Autistic people that should be considered when working with them. It looks at autism in a strengths- based directive which was very influential in our decision to share the information on our presentation. This article understands that people with Autism face challenges on a daily basis but would like people to recognize that there is much strength in Autistic people. It notes that the strengths that Autistic have are strengths which would be applauded in people without disability. This article gives a full list of strength based characteristics a person with Autism may possess.

What is Autism. (2012,Oct 9). Retrieved October 4, 2012, from http://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Autism.aspx
This Article defines Autism in a way that is easy for the audience to understand. It goes on to explain signs of Autism and what you can do if you see these signs. It describes the main symptom of Autism; communication. It gives the reader insight on how an autistics person communication is impact and why. It also provides other symptoms that can be acquired to people with autism. It explains that not all symptoms are the same in autistic people, but there are many varieties along the Autism Spectrum.

WhatYouOughtToKnow. (2008, Jul 18). Autism. Retrieved on October 5, 2012.
This clip is done by “whatyououghttoknow” and was created by two brothers that video tape facts that relate to issues that are happening around the world as a hobby. The man speaking is the child’s uncle and this clip on autism shows the strengths of a child who is Autistic which just so happens to be his nephew. Teaching himself how to count and read is one of the many strengths that the child exhibits. The verbally recited the ABS’s using the names of animals that matched the letters of the alphabet, how many of us can say that we can do that like this child does? This child needs direction and structure and you can see how much he excels.
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