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Euthanasia

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Gay Lovelyn Ragas

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of Euthanasia

ARGUMENTS FOR EUTHANASIA T. Gary Williams considers
euthanasia to be morally wrong because
it is intentionally killing which opposes the
natural moral law or the natural inclination to
preserve life. He argues that euthanasia may be performed for self-interest or other consequences.
Also, doctors may be tempted not to do their best
to save the patient. They may resort to
euthanasia as an easy way out and simply
disregard any other alternatives. James Rachels opts
for euthanasia for euthanasia
believing it to be humane in so far as
it allows a speedy end to suffering. In
his view, killing of any kind may be right
or wrong depending on the motives and
circumstances on which it takes place.
“If you help an agonizing, medically hopeless
patient to die painlessly you will be doing
him/her a favor and it would be wrong
and inhuman to prolong the
patient’s suffering needlessly”. Euthanasia in the strict sense is gravely illicit because
it implies homicide. Therefore, there is no reason to
justify the act of suppressing life. Man is not the
absolute owner of his life. The fundamental
principle of natural law & Christian morality,
over & above medical science and
human endeavors, is the absolute
respect of life. Morality of
Euthanasia ”anything that goes against
life itself, e.g., homicide, abortion,
euthanasia, is evil and undermines
human civilization, degrades those who practice it more than those who suffer
from it. It is a grave offense against the
honor of the Creator
(Gaudium et Spes, no. 27) The intentional killing of a dependent human being, by act or omission, for his/her alleged legal benefit. The key word is “intentional”.
If death is not intended, then it is
NOT AN ACT OF
EUTHANASIA a pleasant and gentle
death without awful
suffering. Group Etiology death thanatos Eu good Greek (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr copy paste branches if you need more.... Mans Attitudes Towards
Death Philippa Foot endorses both active and passive euthanasia in which the patient explicitly gives consent. In her view, EVERYONE HAS A RIGHT TO LIFE, HENCE IT IS WHAT A PERSON WANTS THAT’S COUNTS.
Father Pavone, Executive Director of Priest for life, insists that we cannot apply this mindset to human persons. A person is never more trouble than he/she is worth. Notice, we do not use the pronoun “it”, an object whose value is to be calculated on some kind of economic cost/benefit analysis scale. A person is worth more than the ENTIRE PHYSICAL UNIVERSE! Ponder that. Human life is of INFINITE VALUE, and this remains true no matter how small, weak, incommunicative, disabled, diseased, or "unproductive" (in the eyes of a materialistic, consumerist society like ours) it may be. The
Church’s position on
Euthanasia Great number of
scholars investigated
the issue of
DEATH. TYPES OF EUTHANASIA Suicidal Euthanasia Ortothanasia Eugenic
Euthanasia Is just
another form
of suicide; it is
equally
immoral. e.g.,
Euthanasia,
with patient’s
consent is suicide; without consent
it is homiced. Is professional negligence through neglect of attention and the necessary measures for the ....... patient. (for political,
economic, racial motives,
etc.) Is universally condemned
today. “To kill directly by mandate
of public authority those who
have not committed any capital
crime, but are considered useless to
the nation due to physical defects
or psychiatric problems is contrary
to the natural law and Divine
positive law”. -The pivolatl point of the Church's
opposition of the issue euthanasia is
that, the good of the sanctity of human
life, that life which God has bestowed
on each one of us, can never be
sacrificed for the sake of the
good of
self-determination. The Church reminds us that euthanasia must be distinguished
from the decision to forego so-called ‘aggressive medical
treatment’, in other words, “medical procedures which no longer correspond to the real situation of the patient, either because they
are by now disproportionate to any expected results or because they impose an excessive burden on the patient and his family. In such situations, when death is clearly imminent and inevitable, one
can in conscience ‘refuse forms of treatment that would only
secure a precarious and burdensome prolongation of life,
so long as the normal care due to the sick person in
similar cases is not interrupted’.”
(Evangelium Vitae, n65) This means the Church
does not agree of the
euthanasia (good death),
because life is precious and a
temple of God. Our life is given
to us not to do this kind of
thing but to treasure
it. Three Patterns of Societal Responses to Death Fear Change
the life period
of the
person Disagree

death and
Resist it Does not
know to control the
feeling 1st step Abram
Rosenblatt found that
when people reminded of
their mortality they react more harshly toward moral transgressors and become more favorably disposed toward those who uphold their values. Spark Thomas Aquinus
stated that people are afraid of death not only when they feel its presence but even when they think about it. Sigmund
Freud recognized
that people have difficulties with the dying people (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr The ability to understand
the reality of death and realize its impact on us, ability to discuss our fears about death helps to fully
live our lives. Three
Patterns of Societal Responses to Death •Death-defying-
-refusal to believe
that death would take
anything away and believe
it could be overcome. Death-denying--refusal to confront death, belief that death is antithetical to living and that it is not a natural part of human existence. •Death-accepting--viewing death as an inevitable and natural
part of the life cycle.
Behaviors and events of the dying process are integrated into everyday
life. Different
perspectives
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