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The Inuit

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Matt Koyanagi

on 21 October 2010

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Transcript of The Inuit

The Inuit In this presentation I will teach you about...... Kinship... Artistic expression.... and Religion Education... The Inuit knew how to make igloos that keep the heat inside of the igloo. The snow that the Inuit use has to be the perfect snow texture and it has to be compacted in just right. This is an art because the process to make an igloo is passed down generation to generation. It takes skill to make an igloo because you have to know the exact angle for it to hold itself up without using internal supports. The igloo has to be smooth so you do not get any drops of water that can make you cold. Igloos are not perfect though... It is risky to build an igloo on the mountain because of the high risk of an avalanche so they build into it. This type of shelter is called a snow cave. Snow caves are perfect to build on a mountain. The snow is already compacted for you, so you just carve into the snow, thus making it a "snow cave". Snow caves need to have a ventilation hole espacially if you have a candle in them, because carbon minoxide can build up. The link shown in the next slide will tell you more about these snow caves. The Inuit make sculptures out of Soapstone, and ivory from narwhals and walruses. The Inuit like using soap stone because it is easier to work with. They made sculptures of animals and human figures. Inuit industry relied mostly on animal hides, driftwood, and bones. In this photo is a basket with a figurative character on the top In this photo is a Parka, Parkas were made out of animal skins sewn together. This is an art because it takes lots of skill to make a Parka. It is hard to make a Parka and is an art because it is not a normal fabric. In modern times prints and figurative works carved in relatively soft stone such as serpentinite, or argillite have also become popular. The Inuit made rock like figures that were called inukshuks. These Inukshuks would represent good hunting grounds, and even a navigations system. in this photo is an igloo In this photo is Inukshuk [In-ook-shook] In the culture it is not illegal to have one and only one spouse. You can have several spouses, or you can just have one. A common age for men when they were to get married, is when they could become productive hunters for the families. Women would get married was right around the time they hit puberty. The average Inuit family would consist of a man, his wife or wives, and his children. Although the Inuit family can be very flexible. For instance a household could consist of a man his wive, and his wive's parents. normally the head of the family would be an elder or a respected man. Men in the Inuit culture may move to the spouse's parent's village. The way that this style of marriage works is is based on how you are on the social position and economic circumstances. Each men and women in the Inuit relied on each other to work together and help raise families. at times men and women would only take a second wife if the first one did not have kids. No matter what stage of life you are at you will always have a role to play. Normally the food in the household is portioned around the house. Sometimes the food can be portioned around the entire community. The men of the Inuit were generally hunters or fishers. The hunters only took what they needed, because like us they believe that every animal has a soul. The women of the Inuit had various chores to fulfill, like knowing how to cook and sew. When the men would be away from camp for many days, they would be expected to know how to cook and sew for themselves. The children of the Inuit went to school, and were apprentices of their mothers and fathers. The video in the next slide shows you about a boy who is learning to become a hunter. The Inuit’s education used to be an informal teaching with several techniques. These techniques include: observation and practice, family and group socialization, oral teachings, and participation in tribal ceremonies and institutions. These methods of teaching will help teach the students about their values, skills, and knowledge. These things will help the students learn how understand their culture more. This style of Inuit teaching still continues today, although over the past 350 years the Inuit have been transitioning over to a formal style of European teaching. In this photo is Inuit children in their classroom learning a dance. The healer of the Inuit is called a shaman, and the shaman is supposed to be very in touch with th spirit world. That is because most shamans believe that there are more worlds than just earth. An Inuit shaman is called an "angakkuq". He is able to cure the sick. To become a shaman on can get sick personally. When the shaman are sick they will learn about life, by sometimes they have a vision. The shaman is supposed to be able to tell when bad wether is coming. Sometimes the shaman will call upon the spirits of the sea and land to help heal the sick. The shaman would beat on a drum to help them contact the spirits. Although now days most of the Inuit are Christian, so the shamans are not important as they were. However, the Inuit still remeber all of he songs and drums of the angakkuq. The Inuit believed that everything in natre had a spirit. People, animals, and forces of nature, had spirits. Some of the Inuit customs were to make peace with the souls of hunted animals. Such as seals, polar bears, whales, and walruses. A feast would be held when a boy was to kill his first seal or caribou. The Inuit believe that there is an afterlife. When someone was to pass away their names would be passed down to newborn infants. When there was a birth in a tribe there would be loud snging and dancing. When someone was to die they would be wrapped up in caribou skin. Then, they would be put out in the tundra with an arangment of rocks and tools. The Inuit's creation story was that the world had already existed but it was roamed by giants. There was one giant that was bigger than all of the other giants, this giants name was Sedna. The bigger she got the more food she ate. One night her parents thought that she was to big of a burden. They put Sedna in the icy cold sea. She awoke and grabbed on to the boat, struggling to keep afloat her parents chopped off all of her fingers. As each finger fell into the sea they turned into a sea mammal. When food is scarce the Inuit call upon Sedna, and she increases the food source. This shows the relation between the Inuit and the animals they hunt. Torngasak
The good spirit, representing everything in nature good and helpful to man. Agloolik
Good spirit that lived under the ice and helped with hunting and fishing. Aipalovik
Evil god of the sea that would hurt boaters by biting them. Akna
Mother goddess of childbirth. Anguta
Gatherer of the dead. Anguta carries the dead down to the underworld, where they must sleep with him for a year.
Aningan
The moon, brother to the sun whom Moon chases across the sky. Aningan has a great igloo in the sky where he rests. Irdlirvirissong, his demon cousin, lives there as well. The moon is a great hunter, and his sledge is always piled high with seal skins and meat.
Aningan
The moon, brother to the sun whom Moon chases across the sky. Aningan has a great igloo in the sky where he rests. Irdlirvirissong, his demon cousin, lives there as well. The moon is a great hunter, and his sledge is always piled high with seal skins and meat. Aukaneck
God that lived in the sea, whose movements created the waves.
Aumanil
God that lived on land and controlled the movements of the whales. Ek Chua
God of merchants and cacao growers. Black faced with a huge nose. The Inuit gods are..... Irdlirvirisissong
The demon cousin of the moon. Sometimes Irdlirvirissong comes out into the sky to dance and clown and make the people laugh. But if anyone is nearby, the people must restrain themselves or the demon clown will dry them up and eat their intestines. Keelut
Evil Earth spirit with the appearance of a dog.
Sedna
Goddess of the sea and the creatures of the sea. A one-eyed giant. A frightfull old hag, but she was young and beautiful when her father threw her in the sea as a sacrifice. A sorcerer wishing to visit Sedna must pass through the realms of death and then cross an abyss where a wheel of ice spins eternally and a cauldron of seal meat stews endlessly. To return he must cross another abyss on a bridge as narrow as a knife edge. Sun
A beautiful young maiden carrying a torch who is chased through the sky by her brother Aningan, the moon. The planet Jupiter is the mother of the sun and very dangerous to magicians. If they are careless, she will devour their livers. TEKKEITSERTOK
God of the Earth that was the most powerful and owned all of the deer. The earth god, master of hunting to whom all deer belong.
Tootega
Old woman deity that was able to walk on water.
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