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Three Normative Models of Democracy By Habermas
Transcript of Three Normative Models of Democracy By Habermas
Concept of Democracy
Democracy is being directly involved in the government
The idea is to have people power, which involves selecting out leaders.
Contrast between Liberal and Republican Models
Hierarchical society- individual
Subjective rights (Individual Rights)
c) Political Process
Gain access to administrative power e.g. similar to market process, larger market=more power. Quantity of votes
Administration and socialization
Society -- individual
Objective: Rights were naturally given
c) Political Process
Access to communicative power
Liberal- Freedom-Private Interest on a scale
Republican- Equity- Individual working for a common Interest
Deliberative-Freedom and Equity Joint
Based on the Discourse Theory
Ethical Overload of the Republican Model
Pros: Unite citizen and society
Cons: Idealistic, rely on citizens devote to public wealth
Solving conflict between private interest and common interest by insuring economical goal (not political goal)
Political process similar to market process (vote quantity)
Which model you think is closer to the Concept of Democracy?
Liberal: government -- top of the society
Republican: government -- central of the society
Deliberative: people and government working together as an organ to function
"Deliberatively filtered political communications are especially dependent on the resources of the life world-- on
a free and open political culture and an enlightened political socialization
, and above all on the initiative of opinion- shaping associations. "
--- Habermas, 2000
This is the ideal goal but it will be a long run before we reach there.
1. Liberal: individual
2. Republican: society
3. Deliberative: individual and society joint
Freedom and Equality
Individual and social harmony/conflict
Sovereignty of individual/ autonomy
Potential, Possibility, Self Realization
Law, Authority, Power, Politics, State
Republican: Finding common goals. Problem: not every one have a clear understand of themselves and society.
Due to social economic status, people have different moral standard.
Republican over idealizes citizens.