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Three Normative Models of Democracy By Habermas

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Samantha Smith

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Three Normative Models of Democracy By Habermas

Three Normative Models of Democracy By Habermas
Habermas Models
Concept of Democracy
Democracy is being directly involved in the government
The idea is to have people power, which involves selecting out leaders.
Contrast between Liberal and Republican Models

Public administration
Hierarchical society- individual
a) Citizens
Negative rights
Private interest
b) Law
Subjective rights (Individual Rights)
c) Political Process
Gain access to administrative power e.g. similar to market process, larger market=more power. Quantity of votes

Liberal Model

Administration and socialization
a) Reciprocal
Society -- individual
Positive rights
Common interest
b) Law
Objective: Rights were naturally given
c) Political Process
Access to communicative power

Republican Model
Liberal- Freedom-Private Interest on a scale
Republican- Equity- Individual working for a common Interest
Deliberative-Freedom and Equity Joint
Based on the Discourse Theory
Ethical Overload of the Republican Model
Pros: Unite citizen and society
Cons: Idealistic, rely on citizens devote to public wealth
Solving conflict between private interest and common interest by insuring economical goal (not political goal)
Political process similar to market process (vote quantity)
Liberal Model
Which model you think is closer to the Concept of Democracy?
Deliberative Process
Liberal: government -- top of the society
Republican: government -- central of the society

Deliberative: people and government working together as an organ to function
"Deliberatively filtered political communications are especially dependent on the resources of the life world-- on
a free and open political culture and an enlightened political socialization
, and above all on the initiative of opinion- shaping associations. "

--- Habermas, 2000
My Opinion
This is the ideal goal but it will be a long run before we reach there.

Moral Stages:
1. Liberal: individual
2. Republican: society
3. Deliberative: individual and society joint
Freedom and Equality
Ethics morality
Individual and social harmony/conflict
Sovereignty of individual/ autonomy
Potential, Possibility, Self Realization
Law, Authority, Power, Politics, State
Republican: Finding common goals. Problem: not every one have a clear understand of themselves and society.
Due to social economic status, people have different moral standard.
Republican over idealizes citizens.

Republican Model
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