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16th and 17th Century Medicine

OTEC Health Sciences
by

Courtney Johnson

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of 16th and 17th Century Medicine


History In The Making:

The 16th Century
The 16th and 17th Centuries
16th Century Advancements in Medicine
16th and 17th Century
17th Century Advancements, Cures, and Ideas in Medicine
Tools During the 16th and 17th Century
Health in the 17th century


Almost nothing was known about hygiene in 17th-century England. People were not aware that disease was spread by germs which lived and survived on dirt. They didnt about washing their hands before eating or cleaning the streets, so diseases would spread quickly. People hated catching malaria, which they thought came from a poisonous gas called 'miasma', from sewers and pits. A Greek physician called Galen, thought that the body was ruled by four fluids, that determined what your personality was like and how you reacted to various diseases.

The four humours were :

Blood/Sanguine
- hot : fiery personality
Phlegm
- cold : calm personality

Yellow bile
- dry : bad-tempered personality
Black bile - moist : melancholy personality

By: Edwin and Courtney
Some advances in medicine came through treating soldiers and sailors on the battlefield. A Frenchman named Ambroise Pare, discovered that the best way to treat a wound was not to put boiling oil on it, as it had been practiced before, but instead to apply a cold lotion made of egg yolk, oil of roses and turpentine. New drugs which became popular included tobacco, coffee, tea, and chocolate.

Chinese people used plants for medicinal purposes for 4500 years and some of these had been brought to Europe. Many domestic plants, such as foxglove and marshmellow, were also used to cure illnesses. Live worms, fox lungs (for asthma), spiders' webs, swallows' nests and the skulls of executed criminals were also highly sought after ingredients.
Procedures and Inventions in the 16th and 17th Centuries
William Harvey provided proof to show the continuous circulation of the blood within a contained system, which was the seventeenth century's most significant achievement in physiology and medicine.
Seventeenth-century surgeon's tools would appear dirty and grotesque to the modern observer. The existence of bacteria and germs was unknown and tradesmen did not wash the tools because they wanted to avoid rusting. Surgeons used:
Saws
Knives
Scalpels
Clamps
Hooks
Probes



William Harveys Demonstration of the circulation of blood in the human body.
1592 Galileo constructed the Thermometer
Zacharias Janssen invented the Microscope
William Harvey discovered that blood circulates around the body.
In 1661, the chemist Robert Boyle published a book called The Skeptical Chemist, which described how the body takes in something from the air to breathe.
16th-century woodcut, depicting medical treatment of a skin disease and blood letting, by barber surgeons in a barber shop

The 16th and 17th Centuries in Medicine were vital centuries to the discovery of things like new diseases, tools, inventions and even new procedures that would leave a building block for the next centuries to come.
Microscope
Thermometer
The 16th and 17th centuries were building blocks for the next centuries to come. They introduced revolutionary tools, ideas, and solutions to diseases.
The 16th century was a time of unprecedented change, the very beginning of the modern era of science, a time of great exploration, and extraordinary literature.
In 1543, Copernicus published his theory that the Earth was not the center of the universe, rather, the Earth and the other planets orbited around the Sun. This is what began science.
What did we learn?
So what did we learn?
We learned the different tools that surgeons used for surgery (Scapels, clamps, etc.)
We learned About the different people and what they did.
Learned the different inventors and what they invented
Full transcript