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Copyright

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by

Natalia Schellhaas

on 22 March 2016

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Transcript of Copyright

Copyright
Early Acts
Copyright Act of 1790
Works copyrighted for 14 years
Copyright Act of 1909
Works copyrighted for 28 years
Copyright Act of 1976 and DMCA
Let it be, Michael
What about this?
References
What is Copyright?
Dictionary.com
"the exclusive right to make copies, license, and otherwise exploit a literary, musical, or artistic work, whether printed, audio, video, etc.: works granted such right by law on or after January 1, 1978, are protected for the lifetime of the author or creator and for a period of 50 years after his or her death."
Activities
1)

Check out the Quizlet we created about copyright!
https://quizlet.com/124164847/intellectual-property-flash-cards/

2)

Locate either a copyright case not discussed, or an instance of copyright (film, books, music) and discuss the aspects of it in the discussion forum. Who was involved in the case? Did it go to trial? What form of copyright did it deal with? What was the outcome? What are potential implications for the LIS community?

(Hint: Google Scholar is a good place to check! Switch it over to "case law" before you search! The American Library Association also has some great resources (http://www.ala.org/advocacy/copyright/court). )
Creative Commons v. Fair Use v. Public Domain
Creative Commons

"a set of various licenses that allow people to share their copyrighted work to be copied, edited, built upon, etc., while retaining the copyright to the original work"

Piracy
What is Piracy?
"the unauthorized reproduction or use of a copyrighted book, recording, television program, patented invention, trademarked product, etc.:"
Did you know?
Major Cases
The Pirate Bay
Fair Use
"a legal doctrine that portions of copyrighted materials may be used without permission of the copyright owner provided the use is fair and reasonable, does not substantially impair the value of the materials, and does not curtail the profits reasonably expected by the owner"
Dictionary.com
Dictionary.com
Merriam-Webster
Sony v. Universal Studios
(1984)
A&M Records v. Napster
(2001)
Mandeville-Anthony v. Walt Disney Co.
(2012)
Marvel Characters, Inc. v. Kirby
(2013)
Objectives :)
Natalia Schellhaas, Katie Sheehan, Jodi Slomsky
Libraries, Archives, and Copyright
Keep current on copyright issues
Advise library users about the copyright policy
Place copyright policy signs near photocopiers and 3D printers
What Libraries can do to help!
www.heartbutteschool.com/library.html
Images from: fillthewell.com/here-are-22-of-the-most-beautiful-libraries-in-the-world
Library of Escorial, Spain
Admont Abbey, Austria
Students will recognize and be able to name important copyright legislation and court battles in the United States
Students will understand the intellectual property impacts on the LIS profession
Copyright Act of 1976
Signed into law by President Gerald Ford on
19 Oct. 1976
Became effective on
1 Jan. 1978
Universal Copyright Convention
Founded:
Sept. 2003 in Sweden
Creators:
Gottfrid Svartholm, Fredrik Neij, Carl Lundström, Peter Sunde
2009:
9 day trial over copyright infringement
Protestors in support over Pirate Bay at the 2009 Trial
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pirate_Bay#/media/File:R%C3%A4tteg%C3%A5ngen_mot_TPB_-_2009-02-16_(gabbe)
Geneva, Switzerland
(1952)
Developed by UNESCO
Preceded by the Berne Convention
(1886)
Public Domain
"the status of a literary work or an invention whose copyright or patent has expired or that never had such protection."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pirates_of_Penzance#/media/File:Pirate_King1
https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/white_collar/ipr/image/AntiPiracySeal.png/image_preview
http://www.gigundoindustries.com/store/images/warning
DMCA
Signed into law on 28 Oct. 1998
http://peacechild.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/international-flag
dictionary.com
Section 108 of the Copyright Law
Also known as the Library Exception
"Allows information organizations to use copyrighted works without permission."
Covers located on Goodreads.com
!*
There are some risks that can come with allowing copying in information organizations such as Archives.
*!
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright_Act_of_1790#/media/File:Copyright_Act_of_1790_in_Colombian_Centinel
A & M RECORDS, INC. v. Napster, Inc., 239 F. 3d 1004 (Court of Appeals).
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. Wipo.int. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/berne/
Copyright. Dictionary.com. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/copyright?s=t
Copyright Act of 1909. Retrieved from http://copyright.gov/history/1909act.pdf
Copyright Act of 1976. Retrieved from http://copyright.gov/title17/92appa.pdf
Fair Use. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fair%20use
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - Alice-in-Wonderland.net. Alice-in-Wonderland.net. Retrieved from http://www.alice-in-wonderland.net/resources/faq/#copyright
Hirsh, S. (2015). Information services today (pp. 300-314). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
History - Creative Commons. Creative Commons. Retrieved from https://creativecommons.org/about/history/
Kelley, K. (2015). 30 Years Ago: Michael Jackson Outbids Paul McCartney for Beatles Catalog. Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved from http://ultimateclassicrock.com/paul-mccartney-michael-jackson-beatles-catalog/
Kiss, J. (2009). The Pirate Bay trial: guilty verdict. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2009/apr/17/the-pirate-bay-trial-guilty-verdict
MANDEVILLE-ANTHONY v. Walt Disney Co., 133 S.Ct. 2032 (Sup. Ct. 2013).
Popular Public Domain Books. Goodreads. Retrieved from https://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/public-domain
Post, D. (2001). BBC News | BUSINESS | Napster ruling: The legal issues. News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1167483.stm
Public Domain. (2016). Dictionary.com. Retrieved from http://www.dictionary.com/browse/public-domain?s=t
Ritzenthaler, M. (2010). Preserving archives & manuscripts (pp. 322-323). Chicago: Society of American Archivists.
Rowes, B. (1979). Stan Lee, Creator Of Spider-Man And The Incredible Hulk, Is America's Biggest Mythmaker Lee's superheroes `have ego deficiencies and girl problems'. People, 11(4), 49.
Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., 464 US 417 (Sup. Ct).
Universal Copyright Convention, with Appendix Declaration relating to Articles XVII and Resolution concerning Article XI. Portal.unesco.org. Retrieved from http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15381&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

All slides include voice-overs. If you do not wish to use your keyboard to go to the next slide, press the "play" button below! :)
Full transcript