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Charlemagne's Education Reform
Transcript of Charlemagne's Education Reform
How Charles made himself ruler of not only a large empire, but a smart empire.
The people of Charles' empire were not educated, and those who were, were only wealthy free men and their sons. Emperor Charles wanted to expand the availability of education.
This period of time, in which Charlemagne attempted to educate his empire, is called the Carolingian Renaissance, as Charles went ahead of his people to enhance and preserve culture in many forms, like the Renaissance.
An Educated Empire!
By educating every one, the economical and social gaps between rich and poor closed a little bit, as they all had the same level of education.
Educated officials also enabled better decisions to be made for the public.
Posterity was set up to be intelligent as well.
Charlemagne focused on the future of his empire and those involved with it. Therefore, his successors were set up to have an intelligent empire as well. A leader's decisions affect his area for many years after him.
Who, Where and When
Key Events: Educating *Everyone*
In addition to the young Carolingian generations, Charlemagne set about educating many groups of people.
His clergy and most officials were illiterate as well, so he made sure to teach them.
Charles himself did not know to write. While most leaders at this time did not bother to learn their language fully, Charles put in time to educate himself in writing his languages, as he was previously unable to do so.
Key Events: Opening Schools
Charles ordered priests to set up schools based on the teachings of the church for sons of free men and slaves.
He made sure to correct papers himself and gave praise to only those that deserved it, regardless of status.
Charlemagne promoted the liberal arts.
Part of the reform was to ensure that each monastery and abbey had schools.
Charles did everything in his power to make public education available to all children in his territory.
Key Events: Preserving Literature
Emperor Charles ordered nuns, monks, and scholars to copy pieces of literature.
If it wasn't for Charles' ambition for a better educated empire, most classical Latin works wouldn't have survived.
Most of the classical Latin works found today were copied by the Carolingian scholars that Charlemagne ordered to do so.
He believed that his clergymen should have access to the Holy Scriptures and ordered Alcuin of York to insure that every church and monastery had a copy.
By: Jessica Ketterer and Kavya Sivakumar
Charlemagne hired a few trusted officials to carry out errands focused on educating the people. These included Alcuin of York, Einhard (the biographer), and many others from varied areas in his empire.
The education reform occurred in the Carolingian Empire (Charles' empire) during the late eighth century and ninth century.
Sheldon, Garrett Ward. "Charlemagne." Encyclopedia of Political Thought. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2001. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://fofweb.com/activelink2.asp? ItemID=WE49&iPin=polthot00063&SingleRecord=True (accessed November 24, 2014).
Harkins, Franklin T. "Alcuin." In Ackermann, Marsha E., Michael Schroeder, Janice J. Terry, Jiu-Hwa Lo Upshur, and Mark F. Whitters, eds. Encyclopedia of World History: The Expanding World, 600 CE to 1450, vol. 2. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2008. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=WHII006&SingleRecord=True (accessed November 24, 2014).
Charlemagne packet by: Richard Covington