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ADHD

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by

Nicole Netter

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of ADHD

ADHD
What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD is a chronic condition that affects millions of children and can still continue into adulthood.
ADHD occurs more often in males then females with a 4:1 ratio
Signs &
Symptoms
Symptoms can vary between every child
Risk Factors
Main Topics
Signs & Symptoms
Causes, Risk Factors & Complications
Diagnosis
Treatments
Life Style
Underlying/Additional Problems
Difficulties:
Paying attention
Staying focused
Listening
Following through on instructions
Additional Symptoms
Easily distracted
Excessively talkative
Frequently:
Daydreams
Has problems organizing tasks or activities
Forgetful and loses needed items for tasks
Fails to finish schoolwork, chores or other tasks
Fidgets or squirms
Interrupts or intrudes on others' conversations or games
Has trouble waiting for his or her turn/
Lack of patience
If you have a child or know a child with some of these symptoms.
Do not be afraid to research and ask a questions.
For more information:
National Institute of Mental Health
Mayo Clinic
Pediatrician
Normal Behavior
Limited moments of hyperactivity or impulsive behavior.
Good attention span, no matter the subject
VS.
ADHD Behavior
Constant moments of hyperactivity or impulsive behavior (always on-the-go)
Limited attention span, especially if the subject is not of interest to the child
The cause of this disorder is still not exact clear
But studies show that genetics and/or environmental exposures can cause ADHD
Causes
Complications
Genetics - blood relatives having ADHD or another underlying disorder
Maternal problems
drugs, alcohol or smoking during pregnancy
Premature birth
Exposure to environmental toxins or poisons. i.e. lead
Children often struggle in the classroom
More accident prone then children without ADHD
Low self-esteem
Without treatment children are more at risk for increase delinquent behavior into adulthood
By: Nicole Netter
Diagnosis
Medical Exams
Information gathering
Interviews and questionnaires
ADHD rating scales
Treatment Options
VS.
Medication
Therapies
Alternative Medications
Stimulants
Common medications
Amphetamine
Methylphenidate
Short-acting lasts 4-6 hours
Requires frequent dosing.
Long-acting lasts 6-12 hours
Less dosing, more convenient
Side Effects
Loss of appetite, weight loss, sleep problems, irritability, tics
Forms
VS.
Non-Stimulants
Behavior Therapy
Psychotherapy
Parenting skills training
Family Therapy
Social skills training
Yoga or meditation
Special Diets
Vitamin supplements
Herbal supplements
Essential fatty acids
Strattera
Long-lasting - 24 hours
Intuniv
Long-lasting - 24 hours
Side Effects - Sleep problems, anxiety, fatigue, upset stomach, dizziness, dry mouth
Side Effects - Sleepiness, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain.
Lifestyle Remedies
Home
Use a calendar to help create a regular schedule
Show lots of affection
Enjoy your child's personality
Help to improve your child's self-esteem
Organization of work
Demonstrate when giving instructions
School
School programs
Talk to your child's teacher
Ask about the possibility of having your child using a computer in the classroom
Help & Support
Structure your child's life
Provide positive discipline
Be patient, be calm & set a good example
Strive for healthy family relationships
Full transcript