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Designing Sustainable Projects

Gaspar Cahum

on 27 August 2013

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Chochos Deformes
Gaspar Cahum
Joel Espinoza
Homero Roig

Do not burn or cut plants
Control the use of fertilizers and pesticides
Regulate urban cleaning service
citizen awareness
What it it??
Not throw garbage in inappropriate places
Environmental pollution is called to the presence in the atmosphere of any agent (physical, chemical or biological) or a combination of several drugs in places, forms and concentrations that are or may be harmful to health, safety or the welfare of the population, or that may be harmful to plant or animal life
Air Pollution
Air pollution is the contamination of air by smoke and harmful gases, mainly oxides of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen.

Land Pollution
Land pollution is the degradation of the Earth's surface caused by a misuse of resources and improper disposal of waste.
Light Pollution
Light pollution is the brightening of the night sky inhibiting the visibility of stars and planets by the use of improper lighting of communities.
Noise Pollution
Noise pollution is any loud sounds that are either harmful or annoying to humans and animals.
Thermal Pollution
Noise pollution is any loud sounds that are either harmful or annoying to humans and animals.
Visual Pollution
Visual pollution is what you would call anything unattractive or visualiing damaging to the nearby landscape. This tends to be a highly subjective topic, as we all find different things attractive and unattractive.
Water Pollution
Water pollution is the contamination of any body of water (lakes, groundwater, oceans, etc).
domestic solid waste
industrial solid waste
excess fertilizer and chemicals
cut down
carbon monoxide vehicle
sewage drains or polluted the sea or rivers
Chemical pollution
Refers to any of those discussed in the previous sections, in which a given chemical compound is introduced into the medium.
Radioactive pollution
Is that derived from the dispersion of radioactive materials such as enriched uranium, used in medical or research facilities, nuclear reactors, power plants, ammunition armored with metal alloyed with uranium, submarines, satellites, etc.., and is produced by an accident (such as Chernobyl), by use or by the deliberate disposal of radioactive waste.
Thermal pollution
Refers to the emission of fluid at high temperature can occur in waterways. Increasing the temperature of the medium decreases the solubility of oxygen in water.
Noise pollution
Is due to noise pollution caused by industrial activities, social and transport, which can cause discomfort, irritability, insomnia, hearing loss, etc..
Electromagnetic Pollution
Is produced by radiation of the electromagnetic spectrum that affect electronic equipment and living things.
Light pollution
It refers to the brightness or glow of light in the night sky caused by reflection and artificial light diffusion in gases and particles from the air by the use of excessive or lighting fixtures and light intrusion or certain spectrum wavelengths in unwanted places.
Visual pollution
It is usually produced by industrial facilities, buildings and infrastructure deteriorate environmental aesthetics
Environmental pollution in large cities affects cardiovascular health. It was found that there is a direct relationship between increased particulate air pollutants in the city and the thickening of the inner wall of the arteries
The weakening of the ozone layer is due to the destruction of stratospheric ozone by Cl and Br from pollution, or global warming caused by rising atmospheric CO2 concentration that accompanies the massive combustion of fossil materials.
Increasingly deteriorating our planet
Endangers the lives of plants, animals and people
Generates physical damage to individuals
Becomes a non consumable water
In contaminated soil is not possible seeding
The effects of radiation on living organisms are harmful to their physical integrity. They can be immediate or delayed, depending on the dose. When the human body receives high doses of radiation hit, death may occur. High amounts received small fractions spaced late effects, such as leukemia, cancers, cataracts and other degenerative processes.
Climate change will accelerate the emergence of infectious diseases such as tropical, which find favorable conditions for expansion, even in northern areas. It is likely that local changes in temperature and precipitation create more favorable conditions for insects transmitting infectious diseases such as malaria and dengue.
The opening of galleries that favor mining potash salt infiltration, for example, in the field, the toxic gases dissolve in rainwater and potential accidental rupture of pipes processing industries, water discharges with heavy metals, cadmium, lead, arsenic and synthetic organic compounds, poor storage of chemicals, gas and oil leaks in the road transport, the hot water thermal pollution from nuclear power plants, the courage of waste at sea from ships
The relationship between man and his environment has also been affected by the urbanization process, which has led to the destruction of green areas to make way for new residential buildings, where recreation areas are dwindling.
Migration from the countryside to the city brings with inadequate public services (water, electricity, transport) and low standard of living of a large percentage of the urban population.
Wastes that have now become more relevant are the derivatives of Atomic Energy. Radioactive waste is a threat to humans because they can not be eliminated, the only way out of them is by storing them in special deposits
Currently for garbage disposal is used:
. - The landfill: compressed garbage burying steep slopes.
. - Incineration: This method is very useful, can generate electricity and heat, has the disadvantage that also produces non-combustible waste pollutes the air.
. - Recycling: the most convenient, hereby recover materials such as glass, paper, cardboard, scrap and metal containers. Can also be produced from recycled waste feed and agricultural fertilizers, using organic wastes, previously chosen as grease, bones, blood.
Economic activities are an essential part of the existence of societies, they allow the production of wealth, individuals work and generate goods and services that ensure their welfare. Economic activities are increasingly complex and require the use and advanced technologies in order to maintain competitive productivity in increasingly demanding market. Today, many economic activities are a permanent source of contamination.
create drainage pathways for industries that do not reach the seas and rivers used for the service of man or animal consumption
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