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Victorian Literature, Realism, and Naturalism
Transcript of Victorian Literature, Realism, and Naturalism
Born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
Work in shoe blackening factory inspired him
Most of works were serialized in weekly/monthly journals
Inspirations- Daniel Defoe and Oliver Goldsmith
Major works- David Copperfield, Hard Times, Great Expectations, A Tale of Two Cities, Oliver Twist Novels, essays, and drama
Much of the work produced in the Victorian era can be classified as "realism"
Darwin's "On the Origin of Species" is one of the most well know works of realism; it spurred other authors to question their beginnings and write more scientific work 1835-1910
Born in Missouri
Mississippi River influenced him
Real world affairs and social criticism
Inspired by Harriet Beecher Stowe, Charles Dickens, and Frederick Douglass Naturalism is a product of realism
Many works of drama, fiction prose, and non-fiction literature were produced in this period Contemporary issues
Social class issues
Women's Rights (Wuthering Heights)
Loss of Religion
Uselessness of War ( "The Man He Killed") Key Traits Historical and Political Contexts Culture American Civil War
International Red Cross established
Invention of telephone Historical and Political Contexts Literature in this period involved
The here and now
Political and social movements
The Human Condition
Stream of Consciousness Key Traits Everything that exists is a part of nature.
Human destiny is controlled by social, economic, biological, and natural forces
Nothing can be explained by supernatural, spiritual, or paranormal causes.
Shared traits with Realism. Key Traits Darwin's theory of evolution is published
Spanish-American War 1871-1900
Born in New Jersey
Never graduated college, but began writing
Instant success with The Red Badge of Courage
The Open Boat filled with naturalist themes
Died young, only 28 Stephen Crane Robert Lois Stevenson's Swiss Family Robinson Charles Dicken's Great Expectations Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights Common Genres (Poetry) Essays Alfred Lord Tennyson's "Crossing the Bar" Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Concord Hymn" Elizabeth Browning's "Grief" Essayists of the Victorian era focused on "realism" Just for Fun Art
Saloons paid songwriters
Songs became more humorous
Finally broke from folk music roots Music Paranormal activity More time for recreation Definite break in the classes Focus on color (light and dark)
Women, nature, nudes, fairies
Monet, Renior, Van Gogh, Rossetti Art New schools and education methods Education Portrayed everyday situations, characters, life, etc.
"Paint what you see. Paint what is real to you." ~ Robert Henri Progressive time More teacher education Woman- silhouette, larger sleeves, hats,
Men- stiff collars and suits, hats varying with situation, Fashion Art Much like realism
Tried to capture nature
Landscapes Accurate, three-dimensional set
Normal speech patterns
Opposed Romanticism Theater 1865-1939
Irish author, poet, dramatist
Moved throughout Europe, but Irish love is shown in works
Negative view of Victorianism, but could not escape it
Inspired by Irish folklore, George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde William Butler Yeats The Lake Isle of Innisfree
I will arise and go now, for always night and day
I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore;
While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements grey,
I hear it in the deep heart's core. Tread Softly
Had I the heavens’ embroidered cloths,
Enwrought with golden and silver light,
The blue and the dim of dark cloths
Of night and light and the half light,
I would spread the cloths under your feet:
But I, being poor, have only my dreams;
I have spread my dreams under your feet;
Tread softly because you tread on my dreams.
“Death, the only immortal who treats us all alike, whose pity and whose peace and whose refuge are for all—the soiled and the pure, the rich and the poor, the loved and the unloved” (Mark Twain). -Twain’s last written statement “Crane lived a very short but eventful life--author and publisher Irving Bacheller hired him as reporter and he traveled across America, to Mexico, down to Cuba to report on the Spanish-American conflict, and later to Greece. He was respected by many authors, among them Henry James and H.G. Wells, and influenced many others including Joseph Conrad and Ernest Hemingway” (Stephen Crane). Reign of Queen Victoria
Early and Late Victorian Era
Early= economic depression, Late= prosperous
Rapid industrialization, wage laws
Violent political upheaval and reform
Pasteur publishes work on pasteurization Historical and Political Contexts Works Cited Dr.doCarmo. Notes on Realism and Naturalism. Bucks County Community College. Web. 12 October 2012.
Dickens, Charles. David Copperfield. New York: Modern Library, 2000. Print.
Bronte, Emily. Wuthering Heights. New York: Random House, 1943. Print.
Stevenson, Robert Louis. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. 1886. NY: Signet, 1994.
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Irving: Saddleback Educational, 1999. Print.
Twain, Mark. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York: Random House, 1996. Print.
Crane, Stephen. The Red Badge of Courage: An Episode of the American CivilWar. 1895. Ed. Fredson Bowers. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1975. Print
Cuddon, J. A., and Claire Preston. The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. London: Penguin, 1999. Print.
Filippo, Terry. Literary Periods and Approaches. Print.
Masterworks of British Literature. Np. Web. 11 April 2010. "The Victorian Era." 13 October 2012