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Dietary Supplements & Products

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kensey lunn

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of Dietary Supplements & Products

Dietary Supplements & Products
Herbal Supplements
"a type of dietary supplement that contains herbal plant or part of a plant used for its flavour, scent, or potential therapeutic properties. Includes flowers, leaves, bark, fruit, seeds, stems, and roots, either singly or in mixtures.”

Prebiotics
Non-digestible carbohydrates that act as "food" for probiotics & help probiotics grow and remain in your digestive system.
Weight Loss Products
Artificial Sweeteners
"a non-caloric substitute for sugar that is often intensely more sweet"

"A dietary supplement is intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities." ("Dietary supplement," 2014)
Dietary Supplements
Different Kinds of Herbal Supplements
Probiotics

"healthy bacteria that naturally live in the colon of our digestive system"
Creatine
"Creatine is a naturally occurring amino acid (protein building block) that's found in meat and fish, and also made by the human body in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas. It is converted into creatine phosphate or phosphocreatine and stored in the muscles, where it is used for energy."
"Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, is a reduction of the total body mass."
CLA
"CLA is a weight loss and muscle gain supplement that is popular on the weight loss market because it turns fat into lean muscle mass."
Men’s Health Magazine rated CLA at number 11 out of 20 in their Men’s Supplement Guide 2012:
“CLA seems to enhance the fat-burning effects of exercise, along with increasing your resting metabolic rate, and preventing your body from storing fat.”
-Men’s Health
.
Green Tea Extract
Where are probiotics found?
Milk Products
dairy milk
goat's milk
soymilk
cheese
yogurt
kefir
Sauerkraut
Dark Chocolate
Microalgae (ocean based plants)
Olives
Supplements
Why is it used?
most popular with body builders athletes, wrestlers and sprinters
for its ability to increase muscles stores of PCr, increasing the muscles ability to re-synthesize and meet energy demands
contributes to High Intensity Interval Training with weights or sprints
How do they help & fight against bad bacteria?
stimulate immunity & protect against intestinal diseases
affect the host gene expression
block adhesion sites
compete for nutrients
produce inhibitory substances
What do probiotics help with?
help treat diarrhea
irritable bowel syndrome
ventilator-associated pneumonia
inflammatory bowel diseases
Crohn's disease
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
celiac disease
dental decay
constipation
cancer
lactose intolerance
hypertension
Side Effects

weight gain
muscle cramps
muscle strains and pulls
upset stomach
diarrhea
high blood pressure
Where to get it?
Creatine is divided into two parts:
half comes from our bodies
the other half comes from foods we eat.
Natural Sources:
Wild game is the richest source of creatine
lean red meat and fish (particularly salmon and tuna) are also good sources
BCAA
Omega 3
What is it?
natural polyunsaturated fatty acid (one of the "Good Fats")
Found in foods such as:
avocados
olive oil
meat
cheese
CLA supplements are made from safflower oil, a plant that has a high healthy polyunsaturated fatty acid.
The supplement comes in a gel pill form that is easily digested.
How does it work?
CLA works at the cellular level.
enters the fat cells and destroys the triglycerides that cause you to put on weight, turning them into lean muscle mass
Research shows that CLA helps target belly fat.
Also thought to have cancer-fighting properties.
Side-Effects & Cautions
There has only been two know side-effects with CLA:
People that are overweight-- there is a risk that CLA may inhibit the body’s ability to produce insulin, resulting in a risk of developing diabetes and causing cardiovascular problems.
If you are severely overweight, or have been diagnosed with diabetes type 1 or 2 then do not take CLA supplements.
It is also advised that women who are breastfeeding or pregnant should not take CLA supplements
Understanding
The most effective way to lose weight and maintain weight-loss over time is to:
monitor calorie intake
follow a healthy balanced diet
be physically active
Many diet products and programs offer a quick short-term fix, but there is no “magic bullet” for weight-loss.


Along with Probiotics, Prebiotics may help:
treat diarrhea
treat irritable bowel syndrome
prevent yeast and urinary tract infections
eczema in children
reduce cold and flu severity
Where are prebiotics found?
Naturally
artichokes
asparagus
bananas
garlic
leeks
onion
tomatoes
grains (barley, rye)
roots (chicory, dandelion, elecampane)
Can be added to breads, cereals, milk products, drinks and snack bars
Found in/as supplements
How much should we be getting in our diets?
Probiotics & Prebiotics
together, they form a synbiotic
Prebiotics nourish Probiotics
Probiotics fight against bad bacteria which then allows for more Prebiotics
Who benefits from Probiotics & Prebiotics?
Everyone!
Especially:
infants
toddlers
teenaged girls
pregnant women
adults with acute symptoms
athletes
travelers
Quick Facts
There are more than 50,000 different types!
Roughly 55% of Adults consume Supplements.
FDA reports more than 50,000 health problems a year.
You dont need Supplements if you eat a balanced diet.
"Nutritional Supplement" refers to Vitamins and Minerals.
Branched chain refers to the chemical structure of the amino acids and are among the 9 essential amino acids. There are 3 of them: Leucine, Isoleusine and Valine, and are all naturally occuring (made by the body).
-Aloe Vera


-Sage

Aloe Vera
Used to heal wounds for various skin conditions, asthma, osteoarthritis, epilepsy, and even diabetes.
Used for treating sunburns, burns, and psoriasis.
Can be taken orally.
Its gel is found in lotions, and sunblocks.
Chamomile
Used in children and adults for a variety of health conditions.
Used as a remedy for sleeplessness, anxiety, upset stomach, gas, and diarrhea.
Used for skin conditions and mouth ulcers resulting from cancer treatment.
The flowering tops of the chamomile plant are used to make teas, liquid extracts, capsules, or tablets.
The herb can be applied to the skin as a cream or an ointment, or used as a mouth rinse.
Sage
Used as a remedy for mouth and throat inflammation, indigestion, and excessive sweating.
Used to improve mood, and to boost memory or mental performance.
Available as dried leaves, liquid extracts, sprays, and essential oils.

-Chamomile
-Echinacea
Echinacea
Used for colds, flus, and infections.
Thought to stimulate the immune system to fight infection.
Used for wounds and skin problems like acne or boils.
The above-ground parts of the plant and roots of echinacea are used fresh or dried to make teas, squeezed juice, extracts, or preparations for external use.
Side Effects
Abdominal cramps
Diarrhea
Lowers blood glucose levels
Side Effects
Allergic reactions
Shortness of breath
Skin rashes
Anaphylaxis (a very serious, sometimes life-threatning allergic reaction).
Side Effects
Allergic reactions
Skin inflammation
Ingesting sage powder can result in breathing difficulties
Side Effects
Allergic reactions
Rashes
Increased asthma
Why supplement BCAA?
Omega-3 is considered an essential fatty acid; our body needs it but cant make it, meaning we need to get it from our diet or by supplement.
about 1, 500mg supplement per day if you do not get any in your diet
people who have had previous health problems can benefit from taking more
consult your health care professional
Pro's
Eating at least 2 servings of fish per week can reduce the risk of stroke by as much as 50%.
Research has shown them to help reduce risk of heart disease, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
Studies has shown Fish oil to lower triglycerides in the blood, lower the risk of heart attacks and even prevent death.
Fish oil also appears to help prevent and treat atherosclerosis by slowing down blood clots in the arteries.
Reduce depression, asthma and ADHD

should be used cautiously by people who:
bruise easily
have a bleeding disorder
take blood thinning medications
Excessive omega-3 fatty acids may increase the risk of bleeding.
Only take dietary supplements only under the supervision of a knowledgeable health care provider.
Fish oil can cause:
gas
bloating
belching
diarrhea.
Con's
Often referred to as "Fish Oil"
decrease muscle damage and breakdown
increase muscle recovery
reduce fatigue
regulate protein synthesis.

most beneficial when taken post-exercise
within 30 minutes of finishing your workout.
Dosage
varies due to individual goals, activities and body types
estimated average requirement for adults is 68mg/kg/day
"Although green tea does not raise the metabolic rate enough to produce immediate weight loss, a green tea extract containing polyphenols and caffeine has been shown to induce thermogenesis and stimulate fat oxidation, boosting the metabolic rate 4% without increasing the heart rate." -NYU Medical Centre

Further Research shows that the Green tea extract can heat the inside of your body also know as "Thermogentic" and cause your metabolism to be ramped up which can help in weight loss.

Green Tea is also believed to be linked to the decresed risk of many cancer's, such as Breast, Prostate, Skin and Stomach.

Green Tea can be consumed as a beverage, but can also be take as pills, referred to as Green Tea Extract.
"A dietary supplement is intended to provide nutrients that may otherwise not be consumed in sufficient quantities."
What do they look like?

They can come as pills, capsules, powders, or in drinks and energy bars.
Supplements do not have to go through the same testing that drugs do.
There are thousands of dietary supplements that are available to use.
We will take a closer look at Creatine, BCAAs and Omega 3s.

after overuse for an extended period of time
"Conjugated Linoleic Acid"
"Branched Chain Amino Acids"
Why supplement?
Omega 3 is a very important fatty acid, but we often do not get enough of it because it is found in food such as:
Fish
Oils
Nuts
is linked to:
lower heart disease
lower cholesterol
prevent cancer
many other chronic diseases
How much?
is a "polyunsaturated fatty acid"
Where can you get them?
by prescription
over-the-counter
may be in the form of:
pills
dietary supplements
beverages
medication
Many of these substances may have serious side-effects and often do not work for long-term weight-loss
Examples & Outcome
Some common weight loss products:
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)
Fat-Burners
Many of these substances may have serious side-effects and often do not work for long-term weight-loss
Side Effects
There arent many side effects of Green tea, rather taking pills as Green Tea Extract has been linked to some very rare cases of problems with in the liver.

The only problem with Green Tea is that it has "Caffeine". Which is resulted with insomnia, anxiety, irritability, upset stomach, nausea, diarrhea, or frequent urination in some people.
Risks?
Bladder cancer
High cholesterol levels

Where to find them?
Soft Drinks
Baked Goods
Powdered Drink Mixes
Candy
Puddings
Canned Foods
Jams and Jellies
Dairy Products
Benefits?
Artificial Sweetners do not contribute to tooth decay and cavities.

Weight Control:
Artificial sweeteners are non-nutritive- they have virtually no calories.

Diabetes:
For people with diabetes they are a good alternative to sugar.
Top 4 Most Dangerous
Artificial Sweeteners
1. Aspartame
2. Acesulfame-K
3. Sucralose
4. Saccharin
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