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The Great Gatsby

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Rayanna Barney

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby

Retrieved From Website
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The author develops the theme that money can't solve anything by showing Gatsby's failures when he tries to pursue Daisy using money. For example, the quote "Gatsby bought that house so that Daisy would be just across the bay" (Fitzgerald, page 83) shows how Gatsby used his money to buy a big house to get Daisy back. Also, the quote "I think he half expected her to wander into one of his parties, some night" (Fitzgerald, page 84) shows how Gatsby used his money to throw big extravagant parties for Daisy, hoping she would show up, but she never did. Also, Gatsby became rich in the first place so he could attempt to win Daisy over. He knew she would never take him if he was poor. Therefore, this shows that money can't solve one's problems because his goal was never achieved while using money and wealth.
Main Characters
Author's Purpose
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby
F. Scott Fitzgerald is an author from Minnesota, who is most known for his work The Great Gatsby. He was born on September 24, 1896 and died on December 21, 1940. He was raised from an Irish- Catholic family.At first, he started writing for his schools newspaper and that's where his first passion for writing developed. After graduating high school, he went on to develop his writing career at Princeton University. He eventually dropped out to join the army. He eventually wrote a novel in fear he might die, which was rejected by the publisher. He met Zelda Sayre, and after WW1 ended they got married. His first novel called
The Side of Paradise
was published in 1920 at only age 24. He goes on to write more great novels, including
The Beautiful and the Damned
, and
The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby
is now known as "the best novel ever written," according to Biography.com. In Fitzgerald's final years, he became an alcoholic and suffered from many mental health issues. His wife also suffered these problems and was put into an institution. Due to his alcoholism and depression, he was not able to create anymore astonishing novels. He eventually died in 1940 of a fatal heart attack.
Gatsby is a mysterious man in the novel. There are many rumors about him including that he killed a man, but no one really knows the truth about him. He is very wealthy and throws big parties every weekend in hopes that his love, Daisy Buchanan will attend even though she is married. She is the reasoning for him to want to be wealthy, along with the lack of money from his childhood. He is admired by Nick Caraway, especially for his optimism.
Nick Caraway is the narrator of the novel. He is quiet and admires Gatsby, who happens to take an interest in him. He is also the cousin of Daisy Buchanan. He plays an important role in Gatsby's life, as a friend and reliable person. Gatsby eventually tells Nick the truth of everything.
Daisy Buchanan
Daisy is the husband of Tom Buchanan and the cousin of Nick. She's the beautiful, smart and has a greed for money. She once connected with Gatsby, and said she would wait for him after the war. Instead, she married Tom because he was very wealthy, breaking her promise to Gatsby who devotes everything to try to win her back. They have an affair and Daisy must make a big decision- to leave Tom and be with Gatsby, or to stay.
Picture Explanations
I chose this glass of water to represent Gatsby's optimism throughout the book. Instead of looking at the glass half empty, he would look at the glass half full. This is much admired by his friend, Nick Caraway.
I chose this picture because Nick Caraway is a quiet person. He is more of a bystander. It is as if he is only a part of Gatsby's plan, but is significant because he is the narrator and the person closest to Gatsby.
I chose this picture because Daisy is obsessed with money. She married a wealthy man. Also, most her decisions are influenced by money.
Critical Review
The Great Gatsby
is an extraordinary novel written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. I love it. and for many reasons. First, it has a great sense of mystery, referring to the main character. Another reason I like this book is because of the story. It gives a person hope. Although this is my favorite book, it does have it's faults. For example, the wording is complicated. Another reason includes how the story ends. It gives a sense of nobility to death. The fact that death occurs is a fault in itself.
"Whenever you feel like criticizing anyone,' he told me, "just remember that all the people in the world haven't had the advantages you've had. "
"Reserving judgements is a sense of infinite hope."
"There are only the pursued, pursuing, the busy and the tired."
Quotes Cited
"Whenever you feel like criticizing anyone,' he told me, 'just remember that all the people in the world haven"t had the advantages you've had."
This quote is significant because it relates to teenagers in everyday life. Teenagers are often criticized due to their appearances, and wealth. In The Great Gatsby, Nick's father tells him this. Later on, he learns the importance of what it means to not criticize.
The author's purpose for writing The Great Gatsby is to make aware the problems in society in the nineteen twenties. These problems include the rich, and the falsities in the American dream. In the novel, the author states "Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter – tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther" (Fitzgerald, Page 180), which shows that if one fails to grasp their American dream, then it won't be a big issue because tomorrow they will attempt to pursue their dream again and again. This is shown by the words and phrases "Gatsby believed in the green light," which represents the American dream, "eluded," which means "failure to pursue, "'but that's no matter," which represents that it isn't a big deal and "we will run faster, stretch our arms out farther," which means they will keep pursuing even if they fail. This shows the falsity that American dreams will always come true, because in the end of The Great Gatsby, it doesn't. Another example includes "They were careless people, Tom and Daisy – they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made," (Fitzgerald, page 179) which shows the greed of American people who are consumed with the idea of money. This also explains the reasoning for Myrtle's death, (Tom's mistress) and Gatsby's death, which was caused by both Tom and Daisy. Also, the quote "She vanished into her rich house, into her rich, full life, leaving Gatsby – nothing. He felt married to her, that was all," (Fitzgerald, page 149) shows that an obsession with money will alter one's decisions. In The Great Gatsby, Daisy chooses to leave Gatsby and stay with Tom because of his inherited wealth, leaving many problems she and Tom caused up to Gatsby.
A symbol that is shown throughout the book is money. It illustrates a theme of greed, an emotion of fear, and a characteristic of selfishness. It symbolizes greed and wealth. There are many places where this symbol appears in the novel, but two places are when Daisy chooses Tom over Gatsby because of his honorable wealth, and when Gatsby uses money in an attempt to win Daisy over, which eventually doesn't work. When Daisy comes up with a dilemma- to leave Tom and runaway with Gatsby or to stay with Tom- she chooses to stay with Tom because of her
d for his inherited fortune. Daisy is greedy and loves the idea of material possessions. Thus, this had a big impact on her decision.

Another example is when Gatsby uses money to attempt to win Daisy over. Knowing Daisy admired wealth, he made a plan to become wealthy. Thus, he became a bootlegger. He bought a gigantic house across the bay from hers, and would throw ravishing parties in hope she would come, but she never did. Eventually she chose Tom over him. His wealth, though received in the wrong way, had gotten him nowhere in the end.

News Article
Wealthy, motivated by greed, are more likely to cheat, study finds
People of higher status are more prone to cheating, taking candy from children and failing to wait their turn at four-way stops, a UC Berkeley experiment finds.

The rich really are different from the rest of us, scientists have found — they are more apt to commit unethical acts because they are more motivated by greed.

People driving expensive cars were more likely than other motorists to cut off drivers and pedestrians at a four-way-stop intersection in the San Francisco Bay Area, UC Berkeley researchers observed. Those findings led to a series of experiments that revealed that people of higher socioeconomic status were also more likely to cheat to win a prize, take candy from children and say they would pocket extra change handed to them in error rather than give it back.

Because rich people have more financial resources, they're less dependent on social bonds for survival, the Berkeley researchers reported Monday in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. As a result, their self-interest reigns and they have fewer qualms about breaking the rules.

"If you occupy a more insular world, you're less likely to be sensitive to the needs of others," said study lead author Paul Piff, who is studying for a doctorate in psychology.
This article is from the Los Angeles Times. It says that a study at UC Berkeley has found that people who are wealthy are more prone to commit unethical acts due to greed. This is shown in The Great Gatsby because when Daisy hits Myrtle with Gatsby's car and kills her, Tom tells Myrtle's husband that it was Gatsby. Due to this, Myrtle's husband kills Gatsby and then shoots himself. Tm did this due to his greed and carelessness of other people.

Literary Devices
"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that‘s no matter – tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther"
"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that‘s no matter – tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther."
This quote is significant because it gives an importance to dreams. If one doesn't succeed when trying to make their dreams come true, then don't give up. There is always tomorrow. Although, in The Great Gatsby, this on-going act of pursuing one's dreams becomes a bad idea.
"Can‘t repeat the past?‘ he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!‘ He looked around him wildly, as if the past
were lurking here in the shadow of his house, just out of reach of his hand. "I‘m going to fix everything just the way it was
before,‘ he said, nodding determinedly. "She‘ll see."
"Can‘t repeat the past?‘ he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!‘ He looked around him wildly, as if the past
were lurking here in the shadow of his house, just out of reach of his hand. "I‘m going to fix everything just the way it was
before,‘ he said, nodding determinedly. "She‘ll see."
This quote shows that the past can't be repeated. In The Great Gatsby, Gatsby wants to repeat the past with Daisy. Although, this cannot happen. Daisy has moved on.
Quote 1- (Fizgerald, page 1)

Quote 2- (Fitzgerald, page 110)

Quote 3- (Fitzgerald, page 180)
Theme Questions
What does your theme mean? The theme means that even if you are wealthy, you can't use that wealth to solve your problems.
With which characters does this theme occur? This theme occurs with Gatsby.
Where in the novel is evidence of this theme? Evidence of this theme is shown when Gatsby tries to pursue Daisy by becoming wealthy and throwing extravagant parties; this doesn't work.
In what situations does a high school freshman deal with this same theme? A high school freshman might have an idea to pay off a teacher with money, which also will not work.
Money doesn't solve everything
Most of the characters are characterized through direct characterization. This is known because in the novel the author directly states about the characters feelings, emotions and personality. An example includes "... an extraordinary gift for hope, a romantic readiness such as I have never found in any other person and which it is not likely I shall ever find again." This shows Gatsby's personality being said directly by Nick, the narrator. Also, Nick himself narrates his own feelings and emotions directly. An example includes "I disliked him so much by this time that I didn't find it necessary to tell him he was wrong." As one can see, Nick directly states his emotions with the word "dislike."
Setting- The setting is the summer of 1922 in Long Island and New York.
Tone- The tone is unsettled. Nick, the narrator admires Gatsby most of the time, but other times he doesn't and gets angry with him.
Mood-The mood is intense. This is because someone is killed, and there is a lot of cheating involved. These parts make intense music play in my head.
Conflict- Although there are many conflicts, a major one is is that Gatsby can't let go of the past. This is an example of internal conflict; man vs. self that leads to external conflicts.
POV- First person point of few. The quote "In a little while I heard a low husky sob and saw that the tears were overflowing down his face" shows that this novel is in first person point of view due to the word "I."
Money doesn't solve one's problems
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