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Decline and Legacy of Ancient Japan

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Alex Vongsouneth-Vo

on 8 June 2015

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Transcript of Decline and Legacy of Ancient Japan

Legacy of Japan

The Samurai followed a code called Bushido or "Way of the Warrior"
Bushido followed 8 different ideals each having its own importance
Rectitude or Justice
Benevolence or Mercy
Honestly and Sincerity
Character and Self Control
They would rather die then be captured by enemy forces.
If honor was broken they would have nothing
The code of honor had spread to modern times aswell with the Japanese soldiers in World War 2
Legacy of Japan
Shinto is an ancient Japanese religion which started in 500 BC
Shinto has no real founder,scriptures or religious law
Its name derived from the Chinese word shin tao which means Way of the Gods
Shinto followed four Affirmations
Tradition and Family
Love and Nature
Physical Cleanliness
Matsuri (Worshiping)
Shinto is a legacy still followed by some Japanese people and is still as strong as it was when it was created
Legacy of Japan
The arts were very important to the Japanese
Noh and Kyogen are types of traditional Japanese performing arts developed in the fourteenth century
They are now formed into one which is named "the art of Nagaku"
Noh is a combination of dance.drama, music and poetry
It is more serious and uses history and classical literature as subjects
Kyogen is more comical and has more emphasis on dialogue
It generally uses everyday life as its subjects
Reasons for the Decline
Japan was visited by many foreign countries mainly from Europe
This caused strife in Japan because Christianity was introduced and there was many converts
St. Francis Xavier traveled to Japan in 1549 and baptized 150 converts
Christian converts in Japan caused an uproar due to the change of some people ideals form Shinto
In 1573 the War of Unification began between the Christian converts and the shoguns
All Christian converts were crucified and Japan lived in years of isolation
Reasons for the Decline
(Civil Dispute)
Japan had many different civil disputes which weakened the country and its bonds
The shogun decided to allow two contending imperial lines known as the Southern and Northern Court alternate in the throne
This method had worked until Emperor Go-Daigo named his son heir to the throne
He was then exiled which caused uproar and rebellion from the Southern Court
The Shogun who controlled the government was then overthrown with the help of the Northern court
Japan's feudal system was then frozen but the samurai rule was kept in law and custom
Reasons for the Decline
Since the Northern and Southern court disagreed on how Japan should be ruled civil war struck
The war between the two courts lasted from 1336-1392 which the Northern court was successful
in 1417 the Onin war broke out its cause was due to disputes in the shogunate
This war lasted ten years and tore Japan apart
The century after the Onin war was called the Sengoku period or period of a Country at War. Due to a large amount of wars in this period
Eventually the battle of Sekigahara happened which was the last major war of ancient Japan
The government was then move to Edo or present day Japan
Even when Japan had fallen Its legacy is still is still effecting the modern world today. This shows the strength of this civilization and how it can effect people even when it has fallen.
Decline and
Legacy of
Ancient Japan

By;Alex Vongsouneth-Vo
Full transcript