Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Organic Swine Production
Transcript of Organic Swine Production
Finding breeding stock from organic units (non-organic breeds
be incorporated into herd).
Little genetic improvement?
Need high-health or resilient breeds for biosecurity measures.
Organic Swine Production
Organic Pork Standards in Canada
Requirements: Diet & Feed
What is organic swine production?
Take an integrated & holistic approach
Promote economic & environmental sustainability
It is largely consumer-driven:
- seeks to meet the desires of the consumers.
Ecological & animal welfare
Meat products free of synthetic substances, antibiotics, GM-cereals, hormones, etc... (more on this later)
Safety and quality of products; perception of health.
Thank you for listening!
Main challenges with organic swine production
Organic Pork Certification
Submit a request to the Committee Accreditation for Evaluation of Quality (CAEQ)
evaluation for over 6 -12 months
classify as accredited certification body
apply to a company that carries organic certificate
Certification bodies (some examples)
Housing & Facilities
Interview with an organic producer in Quebec
Organic Pork Producer
Ferme des Arpents Roses, Sainte-Mélanie
Requirements: Biosecurity Measures
All provinces are following the standards set by the Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB)
- except for BC.
Quebec used to have their own standards under CAAQ (
Conseil des appellations agroalimentaires du Quebec
January 1, 2012: Quebec joins standards under CGSB.
Health and disease management
Nutrient and feeding management
Production challenges (carcass quality, performance)
*HOWEVER: Organic swine producers place the most value on creating a sustainable and harmonious agro-ecosystem. Primary concern isn't to maximize production!
Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB) -
official national standards for organic agriculture.
Organic Production Systems - General Principles and Management Standards
handbook can be found on Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada website
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)
Feed medications, antibiotics
Growth & lactation promoters
Synthetic appetite enhancers
GMO cereals or crops
1. Organically-produced agricultural products
2. Non-synthetic substances
3. Approved synthetic substances
Feed & Diet: Challenges
Health & disease management
Increased weaning age
Meeting nutrient requirements
Need to formulate feed from alternative sources
Lack of non-GMO varieties
Outdoors (shade, shelter)
Fresh air & natural daylight
- Stocking density
Organic Production Systems General Principles and Management Standards
Dry (straw, wood shavings)
Solid floors preferred
Must permit rooting!
Housing & Facilities
Health & disease management (parasites, pathogens, weather)
Contact with other wildlife
Carcass quality & traits
Soil & water quality management
Sanitary & disinfected conditions
Maintain closed herds
Pathogen & parasite monitoring
Vaccination & temporary confinement are allowed!
Organic pig sources:
: Born from or raised under certified organic units.
: continuous organic management from last trimester of gestation (38 days).
Natural breeding preferred; AI also allowed.
Organic swine production is still a niche market in Canada. (It is still a growing market, nevertheless).
Requirements are centered around animal and agro-ecosystem welfare, not always maximum production.
Organic swine production is not for everyone!
Takes time, hard work, thorough research, facility management.
1 to 3 years
depending on growing the organic feed
products do not count as organic
Blair, R. Nutrition and Feeding of Organic Pigs; CAB International: Trowbridge, UK, 2007.
Meerburg, B. G.; Vermeer, H. M.; Kijlstra, A. Controlling risks of pathogen transmission by flies on organic pig farms: A review. Outlook on Agriculture. 2007, 36, 193—197.
Simpson, G. An overview of organic pork production. Factsheet Order No. 11-043; OMAFRA: Elora, ON, 2011.
Strudsholm, K.; Hermansen, J. E. Performance and carcass quality of fully or partly outdoor reared pigs in organic production. Livestock Production Science. 2005, 96, 261—268.
Whitney, M.; Shurson, J.; Johnston, L.; Koehler, B.; Hadad, R.; Koehler, D. Feeding for niche swine production. National Swine Nutrition Guide; Factsheet 07-07-01; U.S. Pork Center of Excellence: Des Moines, IA, 2010.