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Animal Cell as a Hospital

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by

Katya Bobrek

on 11 September 2013

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Transcript of Animal Cell as a Hospital

A Cell in terms of a Hospital
Endomembrane System
Energy of the Hospital
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
It gives mechanical support for the cell. It is made up of microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules.
Conclusion
A cell is like a hospital in many ways.
An Animal Cell as a Hospital
It regulates protein traffic and performs metabolic functions
Endoplasmic Reticulum
-Rough ER is the hallway of a hospital, transporting patients, faculty, and medications. In this ER, nurses, who act as ribosomes, are frequently found in the hallways.
-Smooth ER is the tube system from the pharmacy, transporting medication to different floors of the hospital. In this ER, there are no nurses (ribosomes) since nurses do not fit in the tube system.
Nucleus, Nuclear Envelope, and Nucleolus
Nucleus
The nucleus is like a doctor because they have the medical knowledge that is central to running the hospital.
Ribosomes
Nurses are ribosomes since they are the ones who carry out the doctors' orders, which in turn heals patients, who function like proteins. Protein synthesis, in this case, is the healing process of patients.
Nucleolus
The nucleolus is the doctor's office, which contains patients' medical files and history.
Nuclear Envelope
The nuclear envelope is the door to the doctor's office.
Golgi Apparatus
The Golgi apparatus is the discharge area of a hospital, sending out patients outside of the hospital.
Lysosomes
Lysosomes are the janitors of a hospital, cleaning up the hallways and rooms once the patients have been discharged.
Mitochondria
The mitochondria is like a TPN (total Parenteral Nutrition) IV, which gives the patients nutrition for energy because they cannot eat regular food.
Vacuoles
Vacuoles are like vending machines because they store food that helps feed people in the hospital.
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane is like the foundation and walls of a hospital because it gives support.
Centrioles
The centrioles are like a construction company which creates more hospitals.
From the patients' point of view
Lysosomes are only found in animal cells
The Extracellular Matrix is unique to animal cells.
There are special types of intercellular junctions: tight junctions, desmosomes, and gap junctions.
Full transcript