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Sarah Applegate

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of Romanticism

Colonial and Revolutionary Literature
(through 1800)

Facts matter more than emotions
Nature should be admired and respected.
Some things are supernatural (ghosts, for example) and impossible to explain.
You should trust your inner feelings or your “sixth sense.”
All things can be explained through science and logic.
Who were they?

What did they value and emphasize?

Big Names
Puritan founders of the country/

Glorifying God and presenting/documenting challenges of the New World - persuasion through pathos

John Smith, Anne Bradstreet, Edward Taylor, and Johnathan Edwards
The Colonists
Who were they?

What did they value and emphasize?

Big Names
People reacting against the attitudes of the late 18th century
Losing the British influence
Developing an AMERICAN way of writing

Imagination, intuition, idealism, inspiration, and individuality
reverence for nature and accent on mystery/supernatural

Washington Irving, Edgar Allan Poe, William Cullen Bryant
The Romantics (1800-1840)
Washington Irving

Famous Works
“The Father of American Literature” - one of the first American writers to earn international acclaim
One of the First modern short story writers
Helped establish the identity of American literature
influenced authors like Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Herman Melville

"The Devil and Tom Walker"
“The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”
“Rip Van Winkle”
Journal 9/15/15 Agree/ Disagree for "The Devil and Tom Walker"
Write whether you agree or disagree with each statement, and write a brief justification to explain each answer.
1. Money is the number one goal for most people in today’s society.
2. Integrity (honesty/morality) is more important than money.
3. When you marry, what is yours should become your spouse’s and vice versa.
4. It is okay to lie to your spouse if that lie will not hurt them.
5. Money is the root of all evil.
Theme Topics


Literary Elements

oral tradition
unrealistic or unlikely events
Characters represent stereotypes or a single human trait, quality, or emotion (charity, greed, envy, etc.)
Teach a lesson or express a truth about life

a symbol, theme, setting, or character that is thought to have some universal meaning and recurs in different times and places in myth, literature, folklore, dreams, and rituals.
What the history books won't tell you:
Irving himself went through bankruptcy
He also lived in Europe for 17 years, and his loyalty to America was questioned as a result
Who were they?

What did they value and emphasize?

Big Names
The Rationalists
Political Realists

Logic, reason, public arguments in support of causes - persuasion through logos

Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry
Journal 9/14/15
People who’ll stop at nothing to achieve wealth, success, or fame are often said to have “sold their soul.” In other words, they have sacrificed something important—moral beliefs, privacy, family—in order to get what they want. Consider this kind of trade-off. Do you think it might ever be worth the consequences?

Working with a partner, list several people—real or fictional—who fit this profile. Then pick one such person and list his or her gains and their consequences. Assign a value to each item and decide whether, overall, the prize was worth the price. Share your conclusions with the rest of the class.

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