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Transcript of philosophy
Death: 1704 Contributions British Philosopher
Strong belief of equal rights
freedom of speech and
Was seen as a radical
philosopher Jefferson included Locke's theory that the power of law making resides with the people
His ideas formed the basis for the concepts used in American law and government, allowing the colonists to justify revolution.
His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau.
Signed the Declaration of Independence. "Clean sheet of paper"
All the ideas humans develop come from experience. Sensation and Reflection Two types of experiences
-Real world interaction (color, motion, objects)
- Acts of the mind (knowing,believing,
remembering and doubting)
Simplicity and Complexity Simple idea: centers on one element
Complex idea: combines several simple elements Social Contract the view that persons’ moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon an agreement among them to form a society Locke: We could live in a State of Nature, and life would be possible even without the government. Natural freedom is obtained when the natural law is obeyed.
Rousseau: Men in a state of nature are free and equal. In a state of nature, men are “Noble Savages”. Civilization is what corrupted him. Natural freedom is acquired by allowing the General Will to be the ruling factor of a government. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Birth: 1712
Liberté, egalité, fraternité (freedom, equality and brotherhood)
Great figure of the French Enlightment
Fought for religious freedom
Rousseau believed in the “noble savage.” Contributions His book, Emile, fought for the youth and importance of children
Founding father of democratic nationalism.
Wrote "The Social Contract"
His ideas were essential for the French & American revolutions
His novel, Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse, contributed to the development of pre-Romanticism General Will -The General Will is constructed by the people who in turn obey it as citizens.
- permits no disobedience of the general will once its decisions have been made. Rousseau's Idea of freedom: 1- Personal Freedom (state of nature) -basic human instinct
2- Social Freedom- when an individual gives into a social contract Private Property - According to Rousseau owning private property will corrupt an individual (which opposed Locke's view on property rights) 1. What does Tabula Rasa translate to?
2. True or False. John Locke believed you must give up personal freedom to function as a society
3.According to Locke, what are the two existing types of experiences
a. personal and taught
b. positive and negative
c. external and internal
d. external and personal
4. True or False. Rousseau believed in the "noble savage"
5. Who wrote "The Social
Contract"? The End. Locke & Rousseau By: Ruth Laverde
Bradley Ramon Period: 1