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Gothic Literature

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by

Marissa Green

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Gothic Literature

Gothic Literature
American Gothic
Introduction: Gothic Literature
British Gothic
History
American Gothic literature became popular during World War I
Modern ghost stories became popular in the late 20th Century ("The Romantic Period: Topics The Gothic: Overview.")
Southern Gothic Literature {William Faulkner, Flannery O'Connor}
Concepts of vampires, ghouls, demons, witches, zombies, monsters
Charles Brockden Brown wrote "Weiland," the first American Gothic novel (Melani, "The Gothic Experience")
Edgar Allan Poe revived American Gothic literature in the late 19th Century ("The Romantic Period: Topics The Gothic: Overview.")
Peak of American Gothic era: 1800-1850 (Melani, "The Gothic Experience")
Movement to counteract ideas of the Enlightenment and the American Revolution (Milne, "Literary Movements for Students : Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Literary Movements", GVRL)
Characteristics/Themes
Examples
What is Gothic Literature?
Gothic literature is a genre that split from the influence and incorporation of Gothic architecture. It is a literary style popular during the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th. This style of literature usually portrays fantastic tales dealing with horror, despair, the grotesque and other “dark” subjects. (Merriam Webster Dictionary)


Common Trends
Unifying Themes
History
Gothic literature emerged because of Enlightenment
Early Gothic settings were castles, monasteries, ruins, and medieval castles
“The Castle of Otranto: A Gothic Novel” by Horace Walpole
(Melani, "The Gothic Experience")
"The Monk" Matthew Lewis
(Melani, "The Gothic Experience")
British Gothic Literature was at its highest peak in the 1790's
Movement to counteract the French Revolution
(Milne, "Literary Movements for Students : Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Literary Movements", GVRL)
The general time period of British Gothic is 1790-1830
(De Vorce, Domenic, Kwan, Reidy, "The Gothic Novel)
Characteristics/ Themes
British empire
Byronic villain
Mysterious deaths
Supernatural happenings
(Milne,
"Gothic Literature"
, GVRL)
Scenic narrative
(Bomarito, “
Gothic Literature: An Overview
”, GVRL)
Dopplegangers
(Maratous, "
Gothic: Origins"
, Melbourne High School- English)
"Violent emotions of terror, anguish, and love"
Vulnerable women
("
The Romantic Period: Topics The Gothic: Overview
", The Norton Anthology of English Literature Norton Topics Online)
Examples
*The Castle of Otranto by Horace Waldpole
Dracula by Bram Stroken
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louise Stevenson
The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe
The Monk by Matthew Gregory Lewis
Marissa Green
Ankita Rao
Emily Smith

Mrs. Smith P.7
Gothic Writing Conventions
Gloomy landscape with a ruined setting
Rebellious movement
"Dark side of human nature"
Corruption of human mind
Unexplained and fragmented transitions
Contrasting weather
(Bomarito, “Gothic Literature: An Overview”, GVRL)
Terror and horror
Appearance and reality
Confinement
Justice vs. injustice
Fear and anxiety
Threatened hero
Short stories
(Milne,
"Gothic Literature"
, GVRL)
windows7themes.net
brokeandbookish.com
horrorhomework.com
misssylviadrake.livejournal.com/28254.html
flavorwire.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/gray.jpg
coursesite.uhcl.edu/HSH/Whitec/terms/G/gothic.htm
goodreads.com
static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Books/Pix/covers/2010/9/29/1285759620419/Wieland-or-the-Transformatio.jpg
Rogerebert.com
www.poemuseum.org/
www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/6565
en.wikipedia.com
Picture Citations
Archaic and formal diction
Medieval romance; Middle Ages
Removal from present-day reality
Narrative
(Milne,
"Gothic Literature"
, GVRL)
*Wieland
by Charles Brockden Brown
The Raven
by Edgar Allan Poe
The Fall of the House of Usher
by Edgar Allan Poe
The Turn of the Screw
by Henry James
The Tell-Tale Heart
by Edgar Allan Poe
The Minister’s Black Veil
by Nathaniel Hawthorne
A Mirror for Witches
by Esther Forbes

Detrimental human condition
Illness and Disease
Supernatural spirits
“Gothic horror”, "dark side of human nature"
Isolation, Doom
Nightmares, Dreams, and Foreshadowing
(Literary Movements for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on
Literary Movements. Milne GVRL)
Parallel of darkness to light
Death, murder
Exaggerated emotions
(Bomarito,
"Gothic Literature:
An Overview",
GVRL)
More realistic compared to
European and British Gothic



Medieval Era
Irrational desires
(De Vorce, Domenic, Kwan, Reidy, "The Gothic Novel)
Curses and unholy/holy objects
Architectural ruins
Short stories
Fantastical and supernatural tales
Skepticism, Irony
Wilderness landscape
(Milne,
"Gothic Literature"
, GVRL)
Magical + Realistic elements
Full transcript